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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Chronicles 10

Verse 1

the Philistines fought. Compare 1 Samuel 31:1-9.31.6 and 2 Samuel 1:9 , 2 Samuel 1:10 .

Verse 2

Abinadab. Another name was Ishui (1 Samuel 14:49 ).

Verse 4

abuse = insult, or mock.

Verse 6

So Saul died. Here, the event. In 1 Chronicles 10:13 , the reason. See the Structure above.

his three sons = three of his sons.

all. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Whole), App-6 , put for greater part. See 2 Samuel 2:8 ; 2 Samuel 21:8 .

house. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), for family or household.

Verse 9

took his head. Figure of speech Ellipsis , "head [which they had cut off] and his, &c".

Verse 10

gods. Ashtaroth. Compare 1 Samuel 31:10 .

his head. This is additional to 1 Samuel 31:10 . "His body", there, is additional to this passage. The two books thus independent and complementary.

Verse 12

buried their bones. After they had burnt them (1 Samuel 31:12 ).

the oak. Compare 1 Samuel 31:13 .

Verse 13

for. In this book the reason; in 1 Samuel only the event. See App-56 .

transgression = disobedience, shown in his faithlessness or defection. Hebrew. ma'al. App-44 . Compare 1 Samuel 13:13 , 1 Samuel 13:14 ; 1 Samuel 15:1-9.15.9 ; 1 Samuel 28:7 .

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 . Note it is not Elohim (God).

familiar spirit. See note on Leviticus 19:31 .

to enquire = to seek and consult. Hebrew. darash, to seek earnestly. Saul sought thus with the medium, but not with Jehovah.

Verse 14

He: i.e. Jehovah. 1 Chronicles gives the esoteric cause. 1 Samuel gives the exoteric event, which men could see. See App-56 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 10". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-chronicles-10.html. 1909-1922.