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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Corinthians 10

Verse 1

Moreover. The texts read, "For". It introduces an instance of some who were rejected.

would not = do not desire. Greek. thelo. App-102.

be ignorant. Greek. agnoeo. See Romans 1:13.

all. Notice the emphatic repetition of "all" in verses: .

through. App-104. 1 Corinthians 10:1.

Verse 2

baptized. App-115. .

Moses. See 1 Corinthians 9:9.

Verse 3

spiritual. Greek. pneumatikos. See 1 Corinthians 12:1.

meat = food.

Verse 4

drink. Greek. poma. Only here and Hebrews 9:10.

for, &c. To the end of the verse is a parenthesis.

drank = were drinking. Imperf.

that followed them. There is no word for "them". The meaning is, the miracle of the water from the Rock followed that of manna from heaven.

Christ. App-98. As the source of their supply, He is called the Rock. Figure of speech Metaphor. App-6. Compare Deuteronomy 32:4, Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:30, Deuteronomy 32:31, Deuteronomy 32:37. Psalms 19:14; &c.

Verse 5

many = the most.

God. App-98.

well pleased. Greek. eudokeo. See 1 Corinthians 1:21.

overthrown. Greek. katastrannumi. Only here in NT. But the word occurs twice in Septuagint, Numbers 14:16 (where the Authorized Version reads "slain") and Job 12:23.

Verse 6

were = became.

our. i.e. for us.

examples = types. Greek. tupos. Same word as "ensample" (1 Corinthians 10:11). See first occurance: John 20:25.

to the intent. Greek. eis. App-104.

lust after. Literally be desirers of. Greek. epithumetes. Only here.

evil. Greek. kakos. App-128.

lusted. Greek. epithumeo, to desire. Occurs sixteen times, not always in a bad sense. Compare Matthew 13:17. Luke 17:22; Luke 22:15. The reference is to Exodus 32:6-25. App-107.

Verse 7

Neither. Greek. mede.

idolaters. See 1 Corinthians 5:10.

some. App-124.

is = has been.

people. Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47.

rose up. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

play. Greek. paizo. Only here in N.T. This quotation is word for word from the Septuagint of Exodus 32:6.

Verse 8

three and twenty thousand. See where the number is given as 24,000, but this included the princes of the people of verse 4. See note there. [Conversion note: verse 4 of what book and chapter? Numbers 25:4? 1 Corinthians 10:4? Neither verse describes "princes of the people", so I left the original text as "verse 4".]

Verse 9

tempt = put thoroughly to the test. Greek. ekpeirazo. Only here and Matthew 4:7. Luke 4:12; Luke 10:25.

Christ. The texts read "the Lord".

tempted. Greek. peirazo, the word commonly used.

were destroyed. Greek. pass, of apollumi. See 1 Corinthians 1:18.

of = by. App-104. See Numbers 21:5, Numbers 21:6.

Verse 10

murmur. Greek. gonguzo. Occurs here and six times in the Gospels.

destroyer. Greek. olothreutes. Only here, but the verb is found in Hebrews 11:28, of the destroying angel, and also in Exodus 12:23 and other places in the Septuagint.

Verse 11

unto = to.

ensamples. Greek. tupos, as in 1 Corinthians 10:6, but the texts read "typically".

are = were.

admonition = warning. Greek. nouthesia. Elsewhere, Ephesians 6:4. Titus 3:10.

world = ages. App-129.

are come. Greek. katantao. See Acts 16:1.

Verse 12

Wherefore = So then.

take heed = look to it. Greek. blepo. App-133.

lest. App-105. This has passed into a proverb. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6.

Verse 13

There hath, &c. Literally Temptation hath not (Greek. ou).

but = except. Greek. ei me.

such, &c. = a human (one). Greek. anthropinos. See 1 Corinthians 2:4.

faithful. Greek. pistos. App-150and App-. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:9. 1 Peter 4:19. 1 John 1:9.

above. App-104.

also make, &c. = make a way to escape also.

a way to escape. Greek. ekbasis = a way out. Only here and Hebrews 13:7.

bear = endure. Greek. hupophero. Only here, 2 Timothy 3:11. 1 Peter 2:13.

Verse 14

Wherefore. See 1 Corinthians 8:13.

dearly beloved. App-135.

idolatry. Greek. eidololatreia. Only here. Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:20. Colossians 3:5. 1 Peter 4:3. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:16. 1 John 5:21.

Verse 15

judge. App-122. This appeal is an instance of the Figure of speech Anacoenosis. App-6.

Verse 16

cup, &c. Four cups, one called the cup of blessing, were used at the Paschal Supper.

which we bless. Compare Matthew 26:27 (gave thanks).

communion. Same as fellowship (1 Corinthians 1:9). Figure of speech Metaphor (App-6), and in the following verses.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.

Verse 17

For, &c. Literally Because there is one loaf, we the many are one body. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:12.

bread. Greek. artos. Always translated "loaf" when the number is specified. See Matthew 14:17. Mark 8:14, &c.

are . . . partakers. = partake. Greek. metecho. See 1 Corinthians 9:10.

Verse 18

Behold = See. Greek. blepo, as in 1 Corinthians 10:12.

after = according to. App-104.

partakers. Greek. koinonos. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 10:20. Matthew 23:30. Luke 5:10. 2 Corinthians 1:7; 2 Corinthians 8:23. Philemon 1:17. Hebrews 10:33. 1 Peter 5:1. 2 Peter 1:4.

Verse 19

that which, &c. Greek. eidolothutos. See Acts 15:29.

Verse 20

Gentiles. Greek. ethnos.

devils = demons. Greek. daimonion. See Acts 17:18. Reference to Deuteronomy 32:17.

Verse 21

cannot = are not (Greek. ou) able to.

Lord. App-98.

Verse 22

provoke . . . to jealousy. Greek. parazelod. See Romans 10:15.

Lord. App-98.

are we, &c. This question is introduced by me, expecting a negative answer. Notice the vividness given to the apostle"s argument by the use of the Figure of speech Erotesis in verses: 1 Corinthians 10:10, 1 Corinthians 10:16, 1 Corinthians 16:18, 1 Corinthians 16:19, 1 Corinthians 16:22.

Verse 23

all things, &c. = not all things are expedient, or profitable.

all things, &c. = not all things edify. Greek. oikodomeo. See Acts 9:31.

Verse 24

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

his own = his own things.

every man = each one, but the texts omit.

another"s wealth = the things of the other. (Greek. heteros. App-124.) Compare Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:4.

Verse 25

Whatsoever = All which.

shambles. Greek. makellon. Only here.

asking no question = questioning nothing (Greek. medeis).

asking. App-122.

for . . . sake = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 10:2.

conscience. Greek. suneidesis. Compare 1 Corinthians 8:7.

Verse 26

earth. App-129.

LORD"S. App-98.

fulness. Greek. pleroma. See Psalms 21:1.

Verse 27

If. App-118.

any. App-123.

them that believe not = the unbelievers. Greek. apistos, as in 1 Corinthians 7:12.

bid = call.

be disposed = wish. App-102.

Verse 28

if. App-118.

any man = any one, as in 1 Corinthians 10:27.

offered, &c. Greek. eidolothutos, as in 1 Corinthians 10:19, but the texts read hierothutos, "offered in sacrifice", as more appropriate language at a heathen feast.

shewed. Greek. menuo. See Luke 20:37,

Verse 29

of the other = that of the other. This must be a weak believer, who wished to give warning; a heathen would have no "conscience" in the matter. Here, after the parenthesis of verses: , the word "conscience" is repeated from 1 Corinthians 10:25, giving the Figure of speech Epanalepsis. App-6.

another. App-124.

Verse 30

grace. App-184.

evil spoken of. Greek. blasphemeo. Same as "defamed" (1 Corinthians 4:13).

give thanks. Greek. eucharisteo. See Acts 27:35.

Verse 31

to. App-104.

Verse 32

Give none offence. Literally Become without offence. Greek. aproskopos. See Acts 24:16.

Gentiles = Greeks. Greek. Hellen.

church. App-186.

Verse 33

please. Greek. aresko.

profit. Same as "expedient", 1 Corinthians 10:23.

many = the many.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.