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Bible Commentaries
1 Corinthians 10

Gann's Commentary on the BibleGann on the Bible

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Verse 1

1 Corinthians 10:1

All -- (note how all is used.) vs. 1, 2, 3, 4,

Verse 2

1 Corinthians 10:2

Baptized unto Moses -- (Exodus 14:21-28)

"The Israelites were all baptized into Moses, that is, united with their spiritual head, God’s servant, who became the object of their trust (Exodus 14:31; cf. John 5:45). The Corinthians had been baptized into the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13) of which He is the Head (Ephesians 1:22) and in whom they trusted (Matthew 12:21; Ephesians 1:12)." BKC

Eight Baptisms in the New Testament

1. Unto Moses in the Red Sea - 1Co. 10.1-2

2. Fire - John in Matthew 3:10-11

a. Many fail to understand these are NOT the same thing.

b. Notice the context of "baptism with fire" vs. 11-12

1) Baptism with "Fire" was a "threat" John 15:6; Hebrews 1:1

2) Baptism with the "Holy Ghost" a promise (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4-8; Acts 2:1-4; Acts 2:38

3. John’s baptism - Matthew 3:5-6

Apollos and disciples in Acts 18:24-24 & Acts 19:1-5

4. Holy Spirit’s - (6) John 1:33

5. Suffering - Matthew 20:22-23

Figurative of an overwhelming in suffering and pain.

6. For the dead - 1 Corinthians 15:29

7. Jesus’ disciples - John 4:1-2

8. Great Commission - Matthew 28:19-20, Mark 16:15-16

Ephesians 4:4-5 - "ONE BAPTISM" today.

One Baptism for ALL BELIEVERS still in force when Paul wrote Ephesians in AD 62 and that was the baptism Jesus commanded in Matthew 28:19-20; Mark 16:15-16.

1. What was the significance to the Jews and the Gentiles who received this letter? They were ALL baptized:

(1 upon believing the same truth -- John 8:24

(2 on making the same confession -- Romans 10:9-10

(3 baptized the same way -- Colossians 2:12

(4 for the same purpose -- Acts 2:38

(5 into the same relationship with Christ-- Galatians 3:27-28

2. The "ONE BAPTISM" for all believers today MUST be the same "one baptism" that Jews and Gentiles accepted in becoming Christians in the first century.

Verse 4

1 Corinthians 10:4

Spiritual rock -- Num. 20

Verse 5

1 Corinthians 10:5

God was not well pleased -- vs. 5 ff. Five sins here mentioned.

1. lust --

2. idolaters -- ex. 32

3. fornication -- num. 25.9

4. tempting Christ -- Num 21

5. murmuring -- Num 16, 8, 10

Verse 10

1 Corinthians 10:10

Destroyer -- NIV "destorying angel" 14,700 Exodus 12:23; 2 Samuel 24:16.

Verse 11

1 Corinthians 10:11

all these things -- Cf. Romans 15:4

ends of the world -- Hebrews 9:26; 1 Peter 4:7; Paul indicating to the Corinthians that the end was in their generation. cf. Matthew 24:3 for notes there. (The end, as used in the N.T. often refers to the end of the Jewish nation, or dispensation, or temple age.)

Verse 12

1 Corinthians 10:12

See James 5:19 note on APOSTASY

Verse 13

1 Corinthians 10:13

Suffer -- allow. ( cf. The permissive will of God, Acts 14:16 ff. vs. the causative will of God, 1Cor10:13.)

Quibble: "I don’t want to become a Christian til I can live it."

Answer:

1) Does God Love you?

2) Do you believe God want you to be saved?

3) Will God help you live right? YES, 1Cor. 10:13

4) With God’s help do you believe you can live the Christian life?

Verse 16

1 Corinthians 10:16

Communion -- "participation, sharing, a sharing in the benefits it provides.: Ref. to the Lord’s Supper.

Verse 18

1 Corinthians 10:18

Who is the real Israel today? see note at Romans 2:28-29;

Verse 21

1 Corinthians 10:21

1

The cup of the Lord -- worship language. The Lord’s Table, not a reference to wood, clay, metal, or ceramic, but to the feast.

[cf. Proverbs 6:32 - end. ?]

Verse 24

1 Corinthians 10:24

Serving Others - Matthew 20:26; Matthew 23:11 Mark 10:43

Luke 22:26-27 Philippians 2:4 1 Corinthians 10:24

Verse 25

1 Corinthians 10:25

Shambles -- market stalls, where meat sacrifices offered to the gods were sold. (This meat, thought by the sellers, to be sanctified, or made holy, or of special blessing and benefit to the eater, their customers.)

Verse 33

1 Corinthians 10:33

That they may be saved -- the whole point!

Bibliographical Information
Gann, Windell. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10". Gann's Commentary on the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gbc/1-corinthians-10.html. 2021.
 
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