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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Kings

- 1 Kings

by E.W. Bullinger

1Ki
1 AND 2 KINGS

THE STRUCTURES OF THE TWO BOOKS* AS A WHOLE.

1 Kings 1:11 - 1 Kings 2:15. THE KINGDOM. United.
1 Kings 12:16 - 2 Kings 25:30. THE KINGDOM. Divided.
(Covering a period of 444 years: viz. 921 477).

1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 12:15. THE KINGDOM. United. ( Division. )
1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 2:11. DAVID.
1 Kings 2:12 - 1 Kings 11:43. SOLOMON.
. REHOBOAM.
1 Kings 12:16 - 2 Kings 25:30. THE KINGDOM. DIVIDED.
. THE DIVISION OF THE KINGDOM.
1 Kings 12:20, 1 Kings 14:20. ISRAEL (Jeroboam I).
1 Kings 14:21 - 1 Kings 15:24. JUDAH (Revelation 14:21-31; Abijam, 1 Kings 15:1-8; Asa, 1 Kings 15:9-24).
1 Kings 15:25, 1 Kings 22:40. ISRAEL (Nadab, 1 Kings 15:25-31; Baasha, 1 Kings 15:32, 1 Kings 16:7; Elah, 1 Kings 16:8-14.; Zimri, 1 Kings 16:15-20; (Interregnum, 1 Kings 16:21, 1 Kings 16:22); Omri, 1 Kings 16:23-28; Ahab, 1 Kings 16:29-22:40.
. JUDAH (Jehoshaphat).
1 Kings 22:51, 1 Kings 8:15. ISRAEL (Ahaziah, 1 Kings 22:51, 1 Kings 1:18; Elijah""s Translation,

). Joram, 1 Kings 3:1 - 1 Kings 8:15).
1 Kings 8:16 - 1 Kings 9:29. JUDAH (Jehoram, 8:16-24; Ahaziah, 1 Kings 8:25, 1 Kings 9:29.
1 Kings 9:30 - 1 Kings 10:36. ISRAEL (Jehu). Disruption
1 Kings 11:1, 1 Kings 12:21. JUDAH (Athaliah, 1 Kings 11:1-16; Joash, 1 Kings 11:17, 1 Kings 12:21). of Israel
. ISRAEL (Jehoahaz, 1 Kings 13:1-9; Jehoash, 1 Kings 13:10-25. and Judah.
. JUDAH (Amaziah, 1 Kings 14:1-20; Uzziah, 1 Kings 14:21-22).
. ISRAEL (Jeroboam II).
. JUDAH (Uzziah).
. ISRAEL (Zacharia, 1 Kings 15:8-12; Shallum, 15:13-16; Menahem, 1 Kings 15:17-22; Pekahiah, 1 Kings 15:23-26; Pekah, 1 Kings 15:27-31).
. ISRAEL (Hoshea).
1 Kings 18:1 - 1 Kings 24:20. JUDAH (Hezekiah, 1 Kings 18:1 - 1 Kings 20:21; Manasseh, 1 Kings 21:1-18; Dispersion
; Joshua 22:1 Joshua 23:30; Jehoahaz, of Israel
; Jehoiakim, 1 Kings 23:36, 1 Kings 24:7; Jehoiachin, and
; Zedekiah, 1 Kings 24:17-20. Captivity of Judah.
. THE ENDING OF THE KINGDOM.

*For the cause of the division of the book of Kings into two books, andfor their relation to the two books of Samuel, see note on pa ge 366.

Note the division of the eight pairs into two groups, by the events which characterize the last pair of each group.

TITLE. First ...third. See note on p. 366. The wrong division into two books cuts up the histories of Ahaziah and Elijah.

2 Samuel 2:1-4:12. The Divided kingdom,
2 Samuel 5:1-24:25. The United kingdom,
1 Kings 1:1-12:15. The United kingdom.
1 Kings 12:16 - 2 Kings 25:30. The Divided kingdom.

Kings. Ascompared with Chronicles, Kings and Samuel give the history from thehuman point of view, while Chronicles gives the same history from theDivine standpoint. The former, as man ruled the history; the latter, asGod overruled it. Cp. Saul""s death, 1 Samuel 31:6, with 1 Chronicles 10:13, 1 Chronicles 10:14;and in Kings, three verses given to Hezekiah""s reformation, and inChronicles, three chapters. For the parallel passages in the Book ofChronicles, see Appdx-56, and note on Title of 1 Samuel, p. 366.

1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 2:11. DAVID.
( Repeated Alternation with Introversion .)
1 Kings 1:1. David. Length of years.
. Advice of servants to David.
. Solomon. Wrongful succession.
. Nathan. Counter-
1 Kings 1:15 -. Bath-sheba. action
-15. David. Very old.
. Bath-sheba. Counter
. Nathan. action.
. Solomon. Rightful succession
. Advice of David to Solomon.
. David. Length of reign.

. SOLOMON. WRONGFUL SUCCESSORS.
. His adherents. Invited.
1 Kings 1:8. Non-adherents.
1 Kings 1:9. His adherents. Invited.
1 Kings 1:10. Non-invited.

. NATHAN AND BATH-SHEBA. COUNTERACTION.
1 Kings 1:11. Bath-sheba. Danger.
1 Kings 1:12. Advice for David.
1 Kings 1:13. Advice for Bath-sheba.
1 Kings 1:14. Bath-sheba. Support.

. NATHAN AND BATH-SHEBA. COUNTERACTION.
1 Kings 1:16. Obeisance of Bath-sheba
1 Kings 1:17. Rightful successor? Nathan""s
1 Kings 1:18. Adonijah. advice
1 Kings 1:19. Feast. followed
. Expectation.
. Obeisance of Nathan. Nathan""s
1 Kings 1:24. Wrongful successor. promise
1 Kings 1:25 -. Adonijah. fulfilled
-
, . Feast.
1 Kings 1:27. Inquiry.

. SOLOMON. RIGHTFUL SUCCESSOR.
. Proclamation and anointing.
. Adonijah. Rebellion quelled.

. ADONIJAH. REBELLION QUELLED. .
1 Kings 1:41. Alarm.
. Tidings brought to Adonijah.
. Fear and flight.
. Tidings brought to Solomon.

. ADVICE OF DAVID TO SOLOMON.
1 Kings 2:1 -. David. End near.
-
, . For good. Solomon.
. For retribution. Johab.
1 Kings 2:7. For good. Barzillai.
. For retribution. Shimei.
1 Kings 2:10. David. Death.

1 Kings 2:12 - 1 Kings 11:43. SOLOMON.
1 Kings 2:12 -. Solomon. Accession.
1 Kings 2:12 - 1 Kings 11:40. Reign. Events.
. Reign. Record of events.
1 Kings 11:43 -. Solomon. Death and burial.

1 Kings 2:12 - 1 Kings 11:40. REIGN. EVENTS.
. Government.
1 Kings 3:1. Marriage.
1 Kings 3:2 - 1 Kings 10:29. Government.
. Marriages, &c.

. GOVERNMENT.
-
, 1 Kings 2:12. Establishment of kingdom.
. Execution. Adonijah.
. Deposition. Abiathar.
. Execution. Joab.
1 Kings 2:35. Substitution. Benaiah and Zadok.
-. Execution. Shimei.
-
, 1 Kings 2:46. Establishment of kingdom.

. EXECUTION. ADONIJAH.
. Bath-sheba. Approached by Adonijah.
1 Kings 2:17. Adonijah""s request.
1 Kings 2:18. Promise made.
. Bath-sheba. Approach to Solomon.
1 Kings 2:21. Adonijah""s request.
. Promise fulfilled. Result.

1 Kings 3:2 - 1 Kings 10:29. GOVERNMENT.
. First appearance of Jehovah to Solomon.
1 Kings 3:16 - 1 Kings 4:34. Wisdom and riches. Two women.
. Contract with Hiram.
. Levy.
1 Kings 6:1 - 1 Kings 8:66. Temple. (part).
. Second appearance of Jehovah to Solomon.
. Contract with Hiram.
. Levy.
1 Kings 9:25. Temple (general).
1 Kings 9:26 - 1 Kings 10:29 Riches and wisdom. One woman (queen of Sheba).

. FIRST APPEARANCE OF JEHOVAH TO SOLOMON.
. Solomon""s worship at Gibeon.
1 Kings 3:5 -. Dream.
-
, 1 Kings 3:5. Jehovah. Offer.
. Solomon. Choice.
1 Kings 3:10. Jehovah. Approbation.
. Solomon. Gifts.
1 Kings 3:15 -. Dream.
-
, 1 Kings 3:15. Solomon""s worship at Jerusalem.

1 Kings 3:16 - 1 Kings 4:34. WISDOM AND RICHES.
. Wisdom.
. Dominion and riches.
. Wisdom.
> . WISDOM.
. Case propounded.
. Sentence pronounced.
1 Kings 3:26. Case withdrawn.
. Judgment executed.

. DOMINION AND RICHES.
. Solomon. Riches (officers).
1 Kings 4:20. People. Prosperity.
1 Kings 4:21. Solomon. Dominion (foreign).
. People. Provision.
1 Kings 4:24. Solomon. Dominion (foreign).
1 Kings 4:25. People. Security.
. Solomon. Riches (officers).

1 Kings 5:112. CONTRACT WITH HIRAM. l. Hiram and Solomon. Congratulations.
-. Timber required.
-
, 1 Kings 5:6. Payment.
. Timber required.
1 Kings 5:11. Payment.
1 Kings 5:12. Hiram and Solomon. Covenant.

1 Kings 6:1 - 1 Kings 8:66...THE TEMPLE. (PARTICULAR.)
. The Temple.
. Other buildings.
1 Kings 7:13 - 1 Kings 8:66. The Temple.

. THE TEMPLE.
1 Kings 6:1. Date of commencement,
. Exterior of house.
. Completion.
. Word of Jehovah.
1 Kings 6:14. Completion.
. Interior of house.
. Date of completion.

.....EXTERIOR OF HOUSE.
1 Kings 6:2. House. Dimensions.
. Accessories. Porch, &c,
1 Kings 6:7. House. Materials.
1 Kings 6:8. Accessories. Door, &c.

..... INTERIOR OF HOUSE.
1 Kings 6:15. Covering. Walls, within, covered, cedar.
. Oracle. Dimensions.
1 Kings 6:18. Covering. Walls, within, carved, cedar. 1 Kings 6:19-20. Oracle. Ark, &c.
. Covering. Walls, within, gold.
. Oracle. Cherubim.
1 Kings 6:30. Covering. Floor, covered, gold.
. Oracle. Entrances.
> 1 Kings 7:13 - 1 Kings 8:66. THE TEMPLE.
. The work itself.
. The dedication of the work.

. THE WORK.

-. The worker.
-
, . The works.

. THE WORKS.
-
, . Description.
. Completion.
. Enumeration.
1 Kings 7:51. Completion.
> . DESCRIPTION.
-
, 1 Kings 7:14. Hiram commences the work.
. The position of pillars.
. The sea.
1 Kings 7:38. The lavers.
-. The position of the sea lavers.
-
, 1 Kings 7:40. Hiram completes the work.
> THE DEDICATION.
. The Feast.
. Blessing.
1 Kings 8:22. Station.
. PRAYER.
. Station.
. Blessing.
. WORSHIP.
. The Feast.

. THE FEAST. ( Alternation .)
. The Ark brought up.
1 Kings 8:5. "Could not be numbered." (Multitude.)
. The Ark brought in.
. "Could not stand." (Cloud.)

BLESSING.
1 Kings 8:12. Words of and to Jehovah.
1 Kings 8:13. The house.
. Words of and to Jehovah.
1 Kings 8:17. The house.
. Words of and to Jehovah.
. The house.

. THE PRAYER.
. General. Jehovah and himself.
. Special. The people.

. GENERAL.
. Jehovah""s faithfulness.
. Solomon""s plea.
1 Kings 8:27. Jehovah""s immensity.
. Solomon""s plea.

. SPECIAL. THE PEOPLE.
1 Kings 8:31. Subject.
1 Kings 8:32. "Hear Thou".
1 Kings 8:33. Subject.
1 Kings 8:34. "Hear Thou".
1 Kings 8:35. Subject.
1 Kings 8:36. "Hear Thou".
. Subject.
. "Hear Thou".
. Subject.
1 Kings 8:43. "Hear Thou".
1 Kings 8:44. Subject.
1 Kings 8:45. "Hear Thou".
. Subject.
. "Hear Thou".

THE BLESSING.
1 Kings 8:56 - The faithfulness of Jehovah. Celebrated.
-
, 1 Kings 8:56. Retrospective. Praise.
. Prospective. Prayer.
1 Kings 8:61 The faithfulness of His People. Exhortation.

. SECOND APPEARANCE OF JEHOVAH.
. Appearance.
1 Kings 9:3. Acceptance.
. Admonition.

. THE LEVY.
1 Kings 9:9:26 - 1 Kings 10:29. RICHES AND WISDOM.
Riches. Navy.
. Wisdom. Queen of Sheba.
. Riches. Navy.
1 Kings 10:13. Wisdom. Queen of Sheba.
. Riches. Possessions.

. MARRIAGES.
. Sins. Committed.
1 Kings 11:9 -. Jehovah""s anger.
-
, . Sins. Charged.
. Jehovah""s punishment.

. REHOBOAM.
1 Kings 12:1. Rehoboam. Accession to kingdom.
. Petition of Jeroboam. Made.
1 Kings 12:5. Dismissal.
. Answer considered.
1 Kings 12:12. Return.
. Petition of Jeroboam. Answered.
1 Kings 12:15. Rehoboam. Rending of kingdom.

1 Kings 12:20 - 1 Kings 14:20. ISRAEL. JEROBOAM I.
1 Kings 12:20. Jeroboam. Accession.
. Reign. Assured.
1 Kings 12:25 - 1 Kings 14:18. Reign. Events.
. Jeroboam. Record.
1 Kings 12:25 - 1 Kings 14:18. REIGN. EVENTS.
. IDOLATRY. COMMENCED.
. JEROBOAM. EXPEDIENTS.
. Idolatry. The two calves.
. Idolatry. The high places.

. WARNING. BY MAN OF GOD.
. Jeroboam. Warned.
1 Kings 13:3. Sign given.
1 Kings 13:4. Jeroboam. Smitten. Arrival.
1 Kings 13:5. Sign fulfilled.
1 Kings 13:6. Jeroboam. Healed.
. Obedience.
. Old prophet.
. Disobedience. Return.
. Old prophet.
> . WARNING FROM AHIJAH.
1 Kings 14:21 - 1 Kings 15:24. JUDAH.
. Rehoboam.
. Abijam.
. Asa.

. ABIJAH .
Introduction.
1 Kings 15:3. Sins. Committed.
. Divine forbearance.
1 Kings 15:6. Sins. Punished.
. Conclusion.

. ASA.
. Introduction.
. Events. Religious.
. Events. Military.
. Conclusion.

. EVENTS. MILITARY.
1 Kings 15:16. War with Baasha. Begun.
1 Kings 15:17. Baasha""s building of Ramah. Begun.
1 Kings 15:18. Ben-hadad. Subsidy to.
1 Kings 15:19. Former league appealed to.
1 Kings 15:20. Ben-hadad. Help from.
1 Kings 15:21. Baasha""s building of Ramah. Left.
1 Kings 15:22. War with Baasha. Ended.

1 Kings 15:2522:40. ISRAEL.
. Nadab.
1 Kings 15:32 - 1 Kings 16:7. Baasha.
. Elah.
. Zimri. (Interregnum, 1 Kings 16:21-22.)
. Omri.
1 Kings 16:29 - 1 Kings 22:40. Ahab.
> . NADAB .
, 1 Kings 15:321 BAASHA.
. Introduction.
1 Kings 15:34. Evil-doing. Committed.
. Evil-doing. Punished.
. Conclusion.
> . ELAH.
, . ZIMRI.
:21-22. p. 30 .INTERREGNUM.
1 Kings 16:21. People. Division for Tibni.
1 Kings 16:22. People. Prevalence for Omri.
> 1 Kings 16:29 - 1 Kings 16:22:40. AHAB.
1 Kings 16:29 -. Introduction.
. Personal evil. Idolatry.
1 Kings 16:34 - 1 Kings 20:43. Public events. War with Syria.
. Personal evil. Naboth.
. Public events. War with Syria.
. Conclusion.

. OMRI.
1 Kings 16:23. Introduction.
1 Kings 16:24. Events. Building Samaria.
. Events. Evil-doing.
. Conclusion.

1 Kings 17:1 - 1 Kings 19:21. THE DROUGHT.
. Elijah""s retirement.
. Mission to Ahab.
. Elijah""s flight.
. Mission to Hazael and others.
> . ELIJAH""S RETIREMENT.
. Command.
. Obedience.
1 Kings 17:7. Circumstance. The brook and ravens.
. Command.
1 Kings 17:10 -. Obedience.
-
, . Circumstance. The widow.

-, . CIRCUMSTANCE. THE WIDOW.
-
, . Maintenance.
. Bereavement.

-, . MAINTENANCE.
-
, . Elijah. Request.
1 Kings 17:12. The widow. Excuse.
. Elijah. Promise.
1 Kings 17:15 -. The Widow. Compliance.
-
, . Elijah. Promise fulfilled.

. BEREAVEMENT.
1 Kings 17:17. Son. Death.
1 Kings 17:18. Widow. Complaint.
1 Kings 17:19. Son taken.
. Prayer made.
1 Kings 17:22. Prayer answered.
1 Kings 17:23 -. Son restored.
-
, 1 Kings 17:23. Son. Life.
1 Kings 17:24. Widow. Acknowledgment.
> . MISSION TO AHAB.
1 Kings 18:1 -. Command.
-
, 1 Kings 18:1. Promise of rain. Given.
. Obedience.
. Promise of rain. Fulfilled.
> . OBEDIENCE.
. Ahab and Obadiah.
-. Elijah.
-
, -. Ahab. Elijah""s message.
-
, . Ahab and Elijah.
1 Kings 18:18. Elijah.
. Ahab. Elijah. Elijah""s proposal.
> . AHAB. ELIJAH""S MESSAGE.
-
, 1 Kings 18:8. Command to Obadiah.
. Expostulation of Obadiah.
1 Kings 18:15. Assurance of Elijah.
1 Kings 18:16 -. Obedience of Obadiah.
> ....EXPOSTULATION OF OBADIAH .
1 Kings 18:9. Danger of Obadiah.
1 Kings 18:10. Ahab""s search for Elijah (past).
1 Kings 18:11. Command. Of Elijah.
. Ahab""s search for Elijah (future).
1 Kings 18:14 -. Command. Of Elijah.
-
, 1 Kings 18:14. Danger of Obadiah.

.......AHAB. ELIJAH""S PROPOSAL.
. Baal""s prophets. Assembled.
. Conflict with prophets.
1 Kings 18:39. Confession of the People.
1 Kings 18:40. Baal""s prophets. Slain.

....CONFLICT WITH THE PROPHETS.
. The People. Elijah""s appeal.
. Bullock of the prophets.
1 Kings 18:30 -. The People. Elijah""s call.
-
, . Bullock of Elijah.

. BULLOCK OF THE PROPHETS.
1 Kings 18:25. Elijah.
1 Kings 18:26. The prophets of Baal.
1 Kings 18:27. Elijah.
. The prophets of Baal.

-, . THE BULLOCK OF ELIJAH.
-
, . Altar. Its repairing.
-
, 1 Kings 18:32. The trench.
1 Kings 18:33 -. Altar. Arrangement of wood.
-
, . The water.
. Altar. Time for offering. Prayer..
1 Kings 18:38. The fire.

. PROMISE OF RAIN. FULFILLED.
1 Kings 18:41 -. Command. To Ahab.
-
, 1 Kings 18:41. Reason.
1 Kings 18:42 -. Obedience of Ahab.
-
, 1 Kings 18:42. Elijah. Ascent of Carmel.
-. Rain. Expectation of.
-
, 1 Kings 18:44. Reason.
1 Kings 18:45 -. Rain. Fall of.
-
, 1 Kings 18:45. Obedience of Ahab.
1 Kings 18:46. Elijah. Run to Jezreel.

. ELIJAH""S FLIGHT.
. Jezebel""s threat.
. Elijah. To the desert.
. Coming of angel.
-. Elijah. To Horeb.
-
, 1 Kings 19:9. Coming of word of Jehovah.
1 Kings 19:10. Jezebel""s threat.
1 Kings 19:11 -. Elijah. Command.
-
, . Jehovah. Manifestations.
1 Kings 19:13 -. Elijah. Awe.
-
, 1 Kings 19:13. Jehovah. Inquiry.
1 Kings 19:14. Jezebel""s threat.

..MISSION TO HAZAEL AND OTHERS.
1 Kings 19:15 -. Return of Elijah. Command.
-
, . Anointings. Command.
1 Kings 19:17. Prophecy.
1 Kings 19:18. History.
1 Kings 19:19 -. Return of Elijah. Effected.
-
, . Anointings. Effected.

. WARS WITH SYRIA.
1 Kings 20:1. Syria. First invasion.
. Israel. Negotiations.
1 Kings 20:12. Syria. Siege of Samaria.
. Israel. Sortie by Ahab.
. Syria. Second invasion.
1 Kings 20:27. Israel. Numbering of.
. Syria. Defeat.
-. Israel. Ahab""s forbearance.
-
, . Syria. Covenant with Ahab.
. Israel. God reproves Ahab.

. NEGOTIATIONS.
. Ben-hadad. First demand.
1 Kings 20:4. Ahab. Compliance.
. Ben-hadad. Second demand.
. Ahab. Refusal.
1 Kings 20:10. Ben-hadad. Threatening.
1 Kings 20:11. Ahab. Retort.
> . ISRAEL. GOD REPROVES AHAB.
. ..PERSONAL EVIL. NABOTH.
. Evil committed.
. Evil to be judged.

. EVIL COMMITTED.
. Ahab""s covetousness. Fact.
1 Kings 21:4. Ahab""s heaviness.
1 Kings 21:5. Jezebel""s inquiry.
1 Kings 21:6. Ahab""s covetousness. Recital.
. Jezebel""s promise.
1 Kings 21:16 Ahab""s gratification.

. EVIL TO BE JUDGED.
-. Call to Elijah to go to Ahab.
-
, 1 Kings 21:19. Judgment pronounced.
1 Kings 21:20. Altercation.
. Judgment. Particular.
1 Kings 21:23. Jezebel.
1 Kings 21:24. Judgment. Particular.
. Provocation.
-. Call to Elijah to see Ahab humbled.
-
, 1 Kings 21:29. Judgment mitigated.

...PUBLIC EVENTS. WAR WITH SYRIA.
. Ahab. Visited by Jehoshaphat.
. Ramoth-gilead. Plan of Ahab.
. Jehoshaphat""s uneasiness.
1 Kings 22:29. Ramoth. Battle fought.
1 Kings 22:30. Ahab""s expedient.
1 Kings 22:31. Ramoth-gilead. Plan of king of Syria
1 Kings 22:32. Jehoshaphat""s danger.
. Ramoth-gilead. Battle won.
Ahab""s death.
> . JEHOSHAPHATS UNEASINESS.
. .JUDAH (JEHOSHAPHAT).
. Jehoshaphat. Accession.
. Personal. Well- and wrong-doing.
1 Kings 22:45. Jehoshaphat. Political events. Record.
. Personal. Well- and wrong-doing.
1 Kings 22:50. Jehoshaphat. Death and burial.