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Bible Commentaries
1 Samuel 22

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

Adullam. See Psalms 57:1

Verse 2

one = man. Hebrew. 'ish. . App-14 . discontented = bitter of soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 . Compare Judges 18:25 , "angry": i.e. embittered.

captain = chief, leader, or prince.

men. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 3

come forth . Syriac and Vulgate read. "dwell". No Ellipsis then to be supplied.

God. Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .

Verse 4

hold = stronghold, or fortified camp. First occurance.

Verse 6

men . Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 .

now Saul . Note the Figure of speech Parenthesis. App-6 .

in Ramah . Or, in the high place.

Verse 8

is sorry for = taketh pity upon.

Verse 9

Then , &c.: verses: 1 Samuel 22:9-16 , by the Figure of speech Hysteresis ( App-6 ), give details not contained in former narration (21. i-9).

Verse 10

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .

Verse 14

goeth at thy bidding : or, cometh near for audience. Septuagint reads "is captain over thy bodyguard".

Verse 15

Did I . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

nor. This word is read in the text of Septuagint and Syriac.

Verse 17

footmen = runners.

hand . Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the help given by it. App-6 .

when he fled = that he was fleeing.

Verse 18

slew . Thus partly fulfilling 1 Samuel 2:31 ; 1 Samuel 3:12 , on Eli's house.

persons . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 20

Abiathar, escaped. Saul thus caused the transfer of the High Priest, with the Urim and Thummim, to David.

Verse 22

I have occasioned , &c.: i.e. involved. A mark of David's characteristic tenderness.

all the persons = every soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

Verse 23

life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-samuel-22.html. 1909-1922.
 
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