Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.
hand. Some codices, with one early printed edition, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "hands".
fled. Compare 1 Samuel 22:20. This verse is the Figure of speech Hysteresis. App-6.
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.
delivered. Hebrew. nakar. A homonym. Compare Deuteronomy 32:27, "behave strangely"; Job 34:19, regard or acknowledge. Here = to deliver.
secretly practised = contrived.
men = masters, or lords. Hebrew. ba"alim.
as = according as.
mountain = hill country.
life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.
covenant. Some codices, with two early printed editions, add "in a wood".
the Ziphites. See Psalms 51:1.
soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.
prepare. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "and prepare".
haunt = track, or trail.
take knowledge of = get to know.
the wilderness = a wild forest or park-like country. Carmel of Judah. Not Carmel of Manasseh.
seek him. Some codices, with one early printed edition (margin), read "seek David".
into a rock = from the rock.
Saul. Some codices, with one early printed edition (margin), add "and his men".
for fear of Saul = from the face of Saul.
Sela-hammahlekoth = the cliff of divisions or separations. Now Wady Malaky, where two forces could be inaccessible the one to the other, and yet within sight and hearing.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany