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twenty years . . . sixteen years. Yet his son Hezekiah was twenty-five years old when he died (2 Chronicles 29:1 ). See note on 2 Kings 16:1 .
when he: i.e. when he (Jotham). Compare Jehoiakim and Jehoachin (2 Chronicles 36:9 ; 2 Kings 21:0
not . . . like. Nor like his own father Jotham, or his son Hezekiah.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
For. He outdid the kings of Israel: compare 2 Kings 16:3 , 2 Kings 16:4 , which brought forth the prophecies of Isaiah, Micah, Nahurn, and others.
children = sons.
heathen = nations.
sacrificed. Compare 2 Kings 16:4 .
his. Which should have been his.
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
the king Of Syria: i.e. Rezin, whom God raised up as a scourge.
they smote him: i.e. when they took Elath (2 Kings 16:6 ).
Pekah the son of Hemaliah. Compare 2 Kings 15:27 and Isaiah 7:0 . As Pekah ends three years before Ahaz begins, this must have taken place between 632 and 629 B.C.
valiant men = sons of valour.
mighty man. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14 .
women, &c. These also were guilty. Compare Jeremiah 7:18 .
took also away: i.e. from Jerusalem. See App-53 .
Oded = establishing. His name is prophetic.
went out before the host. Showing his courage. reacheth up unto heaven. Figure of speech Hyperbole ( App-6 ), to express the greatness of the rage.
are there not . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
sins = trespasses, or guilt. Hebrew ' asham . App-44 .
certain = men. Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 .
heads. Not the king.
Johanan. Should be Jehohanan.
offended = trespassed. Hebrew. 'asham . App-44 .
congregation = assembly.
feeble = tottering.
the city of palm trees. Compare Deuteronomy 34:3 .
then they returned to Samaria. Compare this account with Luke 10:30-37 .
kings = the great king. Plural of majesty.
Philistines. These behind, and the Syrians before. Compare Isaiah 9:12 , Isaiah 9:13 .
Israel. See note on 2 Chronicles 21:2 .
naked: i.e. had stripped Judah of the worship and service of God.
transgressed = acted treacherously: i.e. been grievously unfaithful. Hebrew. ma'al. App-44 .
Tilgath-pilneser. Compare 2 Kings 16:10 . The accounts in Kings and Chronicles are complementary. See App-56 .
trespass. Hebrew. ma'al App-44 . See note on "transgressed", 2 Chronicles 28:19 .
this is that king Ahaz. Compare three specially branded transgressors: Cain (Genesis 4:15 ); Dathan (Numbers 26:9 ); and Ahaz, here. Contrast Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 32:12 , 2 Chronicles 32:30 ).
which smote him: i.e. which [as he believed] smote him.
help them. So he falsely reasoned.
the ruin of him. As the idolatry of the Edomites ruined Amaziah (2 Chronicles 25:14 , 2 Chronicles 25:15 ).
gathered together. Compare 2 Kings 16:8 .
shut up the doors. His son Hezekiah's first act was to open them (2 Chronicles 29:3 ).
all his ways. Compare 2 Chronicles 27:7 .
behold. Figure of speech Asterismos.
slept with his fathers. See note on Deuteronomy 31:16 .
in the city. Not in the sepulchres.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 28". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25