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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Deuteronomy 10

Verse 1

the LORD = Jehovah. App-4 .

said. See note on Deuteronomy 2:9 ,

ark. First used of Joseph's coffin (Genesis 50:26 ); used of money-box (2 Kings 12:9 ). Not the ark of the covenant made later, but a temporary box.

Verse 2

write. See note on Exodus 17:14 , and App-47 .

brakest = breakedst in pieces, or smashed.

Verse 4

commandments = words. Compare Exodus 34:4 , Exodus 34:28 .

spake. See note on Deuteronomy 2:1 .

unto. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Targum of Onkelos, and The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel read "with".

assembly. Hebrew. kahal, convocation of called-out people.

Verse 5

as = according as.

Verse 6

children = sons.

Beeroth, &c. = the wells of the sons of Jaakan. Compare Numbers 20:22-29 ; Numbers 33:31-38 .

Verse 8

separated. Compare Numbers 3:5-12 .

Levi. (1) On account of loyalty. Exodus 32:26 , and Deuteronomy 33:8 . (2) After revolt of Korah, &c. Numbers 16:0 ; Numbers 17:0 . (3) After the sin of People with Moabites. Deuteronomy 25:6-13 .Psalms 106:30 . Malachi 2:4 , Malachi 2:5 ; Malachi 3:3 .

stand = serve. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , put for all service and ministration.

Verse 9

is. Hebrew "he [is]".

Verse 10

stayed. Compare Exodus 34:28 .

and. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "therefore".

destroy. Hebrew. shahath = infliction of judgments.

Verse 11

take thy journey. Compare Numbers 10:11 .

Verse 12

what. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 . Compare Micah 6:8 . Hosea 12:6 . Jos 22:5 . 1 Samuel 15:22 .

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

statutes. See note on Deuteronomy 4:1 .

Verse 13

this day. See note on Deuteronomy 4:26 .

Verse 14

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

heaven of heavens. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6 . = the highest heavens.

Verse 15

people. Hebrew peoples.

Verse 16

Circumcise. Here charged as a duty. in Deuteronomy 30:6 promised as a future blessing. Compare Leviticus 26:41 .Jeremiah 6:10 . Acts 7:51 . Circumcision mentioned after Exodus 12:48 only in Joshua 5:3-7 and Jeremiah 9:25 . Uncircumcision of Gentiles shows that circumcision was practiced. Compare Isaiah 52:1 .Jeremiah 9:25 , Jeremiah 9:26 . Ezekiel 31:18 .

Verse 17

the LORD your God = Jehovah your 'Elohim ( App-4 ).

is. Hebrew "He [is]".

God = ' El ohe. App-4 .

gods = ' Elohim. App-4 . Compare Joshua 22:22 .Daniel 2:47 .

Lord = Adonai. App-4 .

lords = Adonim. App-4 .

GOD = 'El. See App-4 .

terrible = to be feared.

taketh reward = accepteth a bribe. 2 Chronicles 19:7 . Acts 10:34 .Romans 2:11 . 1 Peter 1:17 .

Verse 18

fatherless, &c. Compare Psalms 68:5 ; Psalms 146:9 . Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6 , put for all the afflicted.

Verse 19

Love ye, &c. Compare Leviticus 19:34 .

stranger = sojourner.

Verse 20

Him. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Targum of Onkelos, The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and Him".

cleave. Compare Joshua 23:8 . 2 Kings 17:36 .

Verse 21

praise = song of praise.

great. Compare 2 Samuel 7:23 .

Verse 22

went down. Compare Genesis 46:27 . Exodus 1:5 .

threescore and ten. See notes on Genesis 46:27 . Acts 7:14 .

persons = souls. Hebrew, plural of nephesh.

as the stars. Compare Genesis 22:17 ; Genesis 26:4 .Exodus 32:13 . 1 Chronicles 27:23 .Nehemiah 9:23 . Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 10". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/deuteronomy-10.html. 1909-1922.