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bread. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6 , for the seed from which it is produced.
upon = upon the surface of.
it = the profit or result of it.
Give: i.e. in charity.
a portion: i.e. a portion of the bread of Ecclesiastes 11:1 .
seven . . . eight. An idiomatic phrase denoting several or many, like the idiom "once . . . twice" = several times (Job 33:14 .Psalms 62:11; Psalms 62:11 ); "twice. . . thrice" = often (Job 33:29 . Isaiah 17:6 ); "three and four" = frequently, or many (Exodus 20:5 ; Exodus 34:7 . Proverbs 30:15 , Proverbs 30:18 , Proverbs 30:21 .Amos 1:3 , Amos 1:6 , Amos 1:9 , Amos 1:11 , Amos 1:13 ; Amos 2:1 , Amos 2:4 , Amos 2:6 ); "four and five" (Isaiah 17:6 ); "six and seven" = many (Job 5:19 ); "seven and eight" (Micah 5:5 ).
what evil. As the verb is Masculine but "evil" is feminine, render "what will prove a misfortune".
evil = misfortune. Hebrew. ra'a'. App-44 .
upon the earth. See note on Ecclesiastes 5:2 .
wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
shall not sow. shall not reap. The ploughing must be done when the early rains have come, even in the face of storm and tempest; otherwise there will be no reaping after the latter rains.
As = According as. See note on John 3:8 . spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. (with Art.) = the [true] God, or the Deity. App-4 . See note on Ecclesiastes 1:13 .
prosper. Hebrew. kasher: supposed to be a later Hebrew word, but a kindred form seems to be found in Psalms 68:6 , where "with chains" should be rendered "into prosperity". See App-75 .
man. Hebrew. 'adam (with Art.) App-14 . See note on Ecclesiastes 1:13 .
and rejoice = let him rejoice.
Rejoice, &c. A positive command, not irony; qualified by the solemn fact: "but know thou", &c.
young man = a chosen youth, implying beauty and strength.
youth = childhood.
thy youth. Same word as "young man".
judgment = the judgment.
evil = sadness.
youth = dawn of life. Hebrew. shaharuth. Occurs only here
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10