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adversaries. The Samaritans (Ezra 4:10 ). See note on 2 Kings 17:24 , 2 Kings 17:26 .
children = sons.
the temple. The walls and gates already built by Nehemiah. See Structures (pp. 616, 617), and notes on Neh 1:21 , Jeremiah 25:11 . See special note at end of 2 Chronicles 36:21 .
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
Zerubbabel. See note on Ezra 3:2 .
chief = heads.
we seek your God. A priest had been sent to these Samaritans (2 Kings 17:28-33 ).
we do sacrifice unto Him. Hebrew text = "although we have not been sacrificing". Some codices, and two early printed editions, with Septuagint and Syriac, add "unto Him".
Esar-haddon. The son and successor of Sennacherib (see notes on 2 Kings 19:37 , and 2 Chronicles 33:11 ).
Assur = Assyria.
Jeshua. See note on Ezra 3:2 .
Israel. See note on Ezra 2:2 and 1 Kings 12:17 .
as = according as.
troubled them in = terrified them from.
Cyrus. The son of Astyages and Esther. See App-57 .
Darius: i.e. Darius Hystaspis (see App-57 , App-58 ). "Darius" being only an appellative (= the maintainer), needs "Hystaspis" to be added, to identify him; as Astyages, when called Darius, needs the addition of "the Mede". See App-58 , and notes on p. 618.
Ahasuerus = the venerable king. See App-57 , and p. 618. An appellative, used here of Cyrus (Ezra 4:5 ), or retrospectively of Astyages; or, this verse may he retrospective, and should he in parenthesis.
Artaxerxes = the great king. Used here of the Cyrus of Ezra 4:3 . See App-57 , and p. 618. Ezra 4:7-23 may also be retrospective of Nehemiah 2:20 Nehemiah 6:5 ,
companions = colleagues or associates.
the Syrian tongue: i.e. in Aramaic characters as well as in the Aramaic language. Compare Esther 1:22 ; Esther 8:9 , where "writing" (Hebrew. kathab, to grave) is the same word as in this book.
Rehum. From here to Ezra 6:18 is in Syriac, which was like the French of today. Compare 2 Kings 18:26 . From Ezra 6:19 -- Ezra 7:11 is Hebrew; and Syriac again from Ezra 7:12-27 ; then Hebrew.
the chancellor = the master of judgments or decrees.
the scribe: or secretary.
in this sort = after this manner.
Dinaites. Probably from a Persian city. Apharsathchites. A Medo-Persian tribe.
Tarpelites. Probably from east of Elymais.
Apharsites. Of Persian origin.
Archevites. From Babylonia. Compare Genesis 10:10 .
Susanchites. From the Persian province or city of Shushan, the capital of Elam.
Dehavites = the Dahae of Herodotus (i. 125).
Elamites. From a province of Persia.
nations = peoples.
Asnapper = Assur-bani-pal, or Sardanapalus, the only Assyrian king who got into Elam, or held Shushan (now Susa) its capital.
on this side = beyond, on the west side: regarded from the east side of the Euphrates.
at such a time. This may refer to the date of the letter; or be rendered, as in Revised Version, "and so forth".
men. Chaldee. 'enosh. See App-14 .
Jews. Nehemiah, Hanani, and friends. Occurs eight times in Ezra, viz. Ezra 4:12 , Ezra 4:23 ; Ezra 5:1 , Ezra 5:5 ; Ezra 6:7 , Ezra 6:7 , Ezra 6:8 , Ezra 6:14 . The name by which they were known to Gentiles, because the majority belonged to Judah.
set up the walls. Quite true; for Nehemiah's work had long preceded this. And note that, when Nehemiah's work was done (Ezra 7:4 ) and the houses built, the house of God was still lying waste (Haggai 1:1-4 ). The Temple not mentioned here.
we have maintenance = the salt of the palace is our salt. See note on Numbers 18:19 .
answer. Chaldee. pithgam = an order or decree. A Persian word. Occurs only here and Ezra 5:5 , Ezra 5:11 ; Ezra 6:11 .Daniel 3:16 ; Daniel 4:17 .
I commanded = I made a decree.
made insurrection. Chaldee lifted itself up.
mighty kings. Such as David and Solomon.
commandment = decree.
by force. Chaldee by arm; "arm" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 , for the force put forth by it.
GOD. Chaldee. 'elaha' (ha, emphatic), singular, same as Hebrew Eloah. App-4 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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