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Haggai. The prophet of that name. In the second year of Darius (Haggai 1:1 ), "sixth month".
Zechariah. The prophet of that name. In the second year of Darius, "eighth month" (Zechariah 1:1 ).
GOD. Chaldee. 'elah (sing). Same as Eloah. App-4 .
of Israel. Still "Israel", because representative of the whole nation. See note on 1 Kings 12:17 .
even unto them: or "[which was] over them".
governor. Chaldee. pechah (modern "Pasha"). Tatnai was governor in Syria, Zerubbabel was governor in Judah. Compare verses: Ezra 5:6 , Ezra 5:14 , Ezra 5:6 , Ezra 7:13 ; Ezra 8:36 . Daniel 3:2 , Daniel 3:3 , Daniel 3:27 ; Daniel 6:7 ; and Haggai 1:1 , Haggai 1:14 ; Haggai 2:2 , Haggai 2:21 .
companions = colleagues or associates.
commanded you = made a decree to you; given a firman.
make up = build. So the wall had already been built by Nehemiah. See the Chronological Structure, p. 617, and notes on p. 618; and App-58 .
said = told. Chaldee. 'amar, which must be followed by the words spoken (which are given in next clause).
we. Note this pronoun (first person sing, and plural), Here, and Ezra 7:27 , Ezra 9:15 , and Nehemiah 1:1 Nehemiah 7:73 ; Nehemiah 12:27-43 ; Nehemiah 13:4-31 . Septuagint, Syriac, and Arab, read "they".
after this manner. Ezra 5:4 should be rendered "we told them what the names were, accordingly the names of the men", &c. It is not a question.
men. As in Ezra 4:21 .
make this building. Hebrew "build this building". Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ), for emphasis.
the eye. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 . elders. Chaldee. sib = grey, hoary. Used only of Ezra here and Ezra 6:7 , Ezra 6:8 , Ezra 6:14 .
Darius. See note on Ezra 4:5 .
answer. See note on Ezra 4:17 .
Tatnai. His name has been recently found in a contract.
Apharsachites. See note on Ezra 4:9 .
province. Compare Nehemiah 1:3 .
great = rolling: i.e. too heavy to be moved without rolling.
chief = head.
the GOD of heaven. See note on 2 Chronicles 36:23 . GOD. Chaldee. 'elah. Same as Eloah. App-4 .
these many years ago. Neh 500 years.
and set up. Compare 1 Kings 6:1 .
gave them. Compare 2 Kings 24:2 ; 2 Kings 25:8-11 .
Cyrus. Compare Ezra 1:1 .
Babylon. Included now with Persia. Compare Ezra 6:1 .Nehemiah 13:6 .
the vessels. Compare Ezra 1:7 , Ezra 1:8 ; Ezra 6:5 .
Sheshbazzar. See note on Ezra 1:8 . This was Nehemiah, who was present, though the stone was actually laid by Zeruhbabel (Zechariah 4:9 ).
carry them into = set them down, or deposit them in.
is = is to be.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 5". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26