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Darius: i.e. Darius (Hystaspis). See Chronological Structure and notes (pp 617, 618), and App-67 .
Babylon. See note on Ezra 5:13 .
Achmetha = Ecbatana, the capital of ancient Media.
first. year of Cyrus. Compare Ezra 1:1 .
offered. Chaldee. deba'h. Same as Hebrew. zebach. App-43 .
rows = layers or stories, as in 1 Kings 6:36 .
new timber. Should be "timber, one": i.e. one row. In changing the ancient characters into the modern square characters the aleph ('a) in had'a ("one"), in the ancient character, was mistaken for, Tau, the "th" in hadath ("new"), and so was transliterated. The Septuagint has preserved the original reading, and the Revised Version notes it in the margin. The two lines should read: "layers of great stones, three; and a layer of timber, one".
house = treasury: "house" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for the treasures in it.
vessels. Compare Ezra 1:7 .
is = was.
Tatnai, governor = Tatnai, pasha. See notes on Ezra 5:3 , Ezra 5:6 .
companions = fellow-labourers or colleagues.
Jews. See note on Ezra 4:12 .
I make a decree. This was a new decree of Darius Hystaspis.
GOD. Chaldee. 'elah . (Singular) Same as Hebrew Eloah. App-4 .
GOD of heaven. See note on 2 Chronicles 36:23 .
wine = strong red wine. Hebrew. chemer. See App-27 .
sweet savours. See note on Leviticus 1:9 .
alter. A similar strong threat in the inscription of Darius on the Behistun rock ( App-57 ). Compare Daniel 3:29 .
alter. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis ( App-6 ): "alter [this decree]".
commandment = decree.
Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton, to mark the important fact that three kings, at various times, were concerned in the rebuilding of Jerusalem. The last named was the first in order. Darius was Darius Hystaspis, and Artaxerxes was Astyages (the father of Cyrus), the same as in Nehemiah 2:1 . See App-57 and App-58 ; and notes on p. 618.
Adar = the twelfth month. See App-51 .
children = sons.
offered = brought near. App-43 .
all Israel. See note on 1 Kings 12:17 . Note the number "twelve". App-10 .
as it is written = according to the writing.
the book of Moses: i.e. the Pentateuch. See App-47 .
And, &c. Here recommences the Hebrew language. See note on Ezra 4:8 .
kept the passover. One of the ten so recorded. See note on Exodus 12:28 .
heathen = nations.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 6". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/