Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, June 22nd, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
StudyLight.org has pledged to help build churches in Uganda. Help us with that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries
Genesis 18

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

plains = among the oaks of Mamre. Compare Genesis 13:18 ; Genesis 14:13 , and Genesis 18:8 .

sat = was sitting.

Verse 2

looked. See note on Genesis 13:14 .

lo. The Figure of speech Asterismos.

three men. Elohim ( App-4 ) and two angels called men (Hebrew. 'ish, plural, App-14 ) here, and verses: Genesis 18:16 , Genesis 18:22 , but in Genesis 19:1 , Genesis 19:15 the two are called "angels". Three the No. of Divine perfection (see App-10 ). "When two departed, Elohim (the Divine Presence) remained (verses: Genesis 18:16 , Genesis 18:22 ).

Verse 3

LORD = Jehovah, not Adonai. See App-32 . But plural throughout Genesis 19:0 of the two.

Verse 4

wash your feet. A common practice to this day; needed from use of sandals and bare feet; Compare Genesis 24:32 ; Genesis 43:24 .

Verse 5

bread. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6 , put for food in general.

Verse 6

three measures. Note the No. 3. See Genesis 18:2 and App-10 .

cakes. Evidently unleavened.

Verse 7

ran. Such speedy hospitality common in the East.

Verse 8

tree. See Genesis 18:1 .

eat. We do not understand this mystery. But we read of "angels' food" (Psalms 78:25 ); and that Christ ate after His resurrection (Luke 24:30 , Luke 24:43 .Acts 10:41; Acts 10:41 ).

Verse 9

Where, &c. Translate "And as to Sarah thy wife . . . and he [interrupting] said, Lo! [she is] in the tent". See App-31 .

Verse 10

certainly return. Figure of speech Polyptoton (returning I will return) for emphasis.

lo! Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 . heard. Hebrew was listening.

Verse 11

old. This explains how Rebekah, a granddaughter of Abraham's brother, should be old enough to marry Isaac, Abraham's son.

Verse 12

laughed. See note on Genesis 17:17 .

After. Figure of speech Erotesis.

my lord. Hebrew. Adon. See App-4 and compare 1 Peter 3:6 .

Verse 13

Wherefore? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

Verse 14

Is any thing? Figure of speech Erotesis.

hard = wonderful. A similar question and same Figure of speech used in Luke 1:37 .

time appointed. See note on Genesis 1:14 .

Verse 16

looked = looked down upon. Hebrew. shakaph. First occurance.

Verse 17

Shall I hide? Figure of speech Erotesis. Compare Amos 3:7 .

Verse 18

shall surely become. Hebrew "being shall be". Figure of speech Polyptoton See note on Genesis 26:28 .

nations. Another proof that the mystery (Ephesians 3:0 ) means more than Gentile blessing. Compare Genesis 22:18 .

Verse 19

that = how that.

command. Compare Psalms 78:1-8 .

Verse 20

cry. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6 .

Verse 21

I will go down = let us now go down. See Genesis 11:7 . Exodus 3:8 , all times of judgment.

the cry. Should be their outcry: with Septuagint, Targum of Onkelos, and ancient reading in MSS. called Sevir. See App-34 .

Verse 22

the men. Probably the two of Genesis 19:1 .

Abraham stood yet before the LORD. The primitive text read "Jehovah stood yet before Abraham. "One of the 18 emendations of the Sopherim. See App-33 .

Verse 23

also = even, or really. Note the 6 petitions in Abraham's prayer, verses: Genesis 18:24-32 . See App-10 .

wicked. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .

Verse 24

Peradventure = perhaps.

Verse 25

earth. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject). App-6 . "Earth" put for its inhabitants

Verse 27

LORD*. One of the 134 places where the Primitive Text was Jehovah, and the Sopherim changed it to Adonai. These are distinguished in the text by an asterisk, and printed LORD*. See list, App-32 .

dust and ashes. Figure of speech Meiosis. App-6 . Also Paronomasia (v'ephar 'aphar).

Verse 33

went His way. The same as the one who came in verses: Genesis 18:1 , Genesis 18:2 .

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Genesis 18". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/genesis-18.html. 1909-1922.
Ads FreeProfile