Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, July 18th, 2024
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
For 10¢ a day you can enjoy StudyLight.org ads
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries
Isaiah 21

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

burden. The fifth of the seven burdens.

of = relating to. Genitive of Relation. App-17 .

the sea. The waters of the Euphrates in flood were so called, as the Nile was (Isaiah 19:6 ). Compare Revelation 17:3 , Revelation 17:15 .

whirlwinds = storms.

pass = sweep.

Verse 2

dealer = one.

sighing. Caused by the oppression of Babylon.

Verse 4

night. A Homonym. Hebrew. nesheph = darkness, here, but daylight in Job 7:4 . 1 Samuel 30:17 . See notes there. The Revised Version, in doubt, renders it here "twilight".

pleasure = joy.

fear = trembling.

Verse 5

Prepare, &c. Figure of speech Irony. App-6 .

Verse 7

a chariot = a troop.

a chariot with a couple of horsemen = a troop of horsemen in pairs.

Verse 8

Alion: My LORD*. Read: [as] a lion, "O LORD", &c.

Verse 9

men. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Babylon is fallen, &c. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis , for emphasis.

the graven images of her gods. Reference to Pentateuch. Phrase peculiar to Deuteronomy 7:25 ; Deuteronomy 12:3 . App-92 .

Verse 10

threshing. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the results of it. Here = my oppressed People. Compare Isaiah 41:15 .Micah 4:13 .Jeremiah 51:33 .

corn of my floor. Literally son of my threshingfloor.

the LORD of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9 .

the God of Israel. See note on Isaiah 29:23 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

Verse 11

burden. The sixth of the seven burdens.

Dumah = Edom. An abbreviated form of fuller name "Idumea" (Isaiah 34:5 .Ezekiel 35:15 ; Ezekiel 36:5 .Mark 3:8; Mark 3:8 ).

Dumah = silence, prophetic of its end.

Seir. The inheritance of Esau (or Edom).

what of the night? = how far is it in the night? Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis . Repeated in an abbreviated form thus: Hebrew. shomer mah-millayelah? shomer ma-milleyl ? = how far gone is the night? how far gone the night? This is Edom's inquiry.

Verse 12

The morning cometh, &c. This may be the oracle of silence implied in the name "Dumah" (see above, and compare Psalms 94:17 ; Psalms 115:17 ).

if ye will inquire. Isaiah had no answer. He is silent, but intimates that they may inquire again.

Verse 13

burden. The seventh and last of the seven burdens

upon Arabia: ba'rab = in Arabia.

in Arabia: or, in the evening, or, at sunset. The name is as significant as "Dumah" (Isaiah 21:11 ).

travelling companies = caravans.

Dedanim = Dedanites, Descendants of Abraham by Keturah: Dedan, son of Midian (Genesis 25:3 . 1 Chronicles 1:32 ).

Verse 14

Tema. Descendants of Abraham through Hagar and Ishmael (Genesis 25:3 . 1 Chronicles 1:32 )

: both mentioned in Jeremiah 25:23 .Job 6:19 .

brought = bring ye.

prevented = meet ye.

Verse 15

they fled. From the Assyrian invaders.

Verse 16

Within a year. Later afflictions were foretold in Jeremiah 49:28 .

Kedar. Another descendant of Abraham by Hagar through Ishmael (Genesis 25:13 ).

Verse 17

mighty men. Hebrew. gibbor . App-14 .

children = sons.

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 21". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/isaiah-21.html. 1909-1922.
Ads FreeProfile