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Jeremiah's Eighteenth Prophecy (see book comments for Jeremiah).
Given in reign of Jehoiakim to Jeremiah. Declared, after thirteen years, in fourth year of Zedekiah: i.e. in 485. Compare Jeremiah 26:12 .Jeremiah 27:0 and Jeremiah 28:0 were written by Jeremiah, or at his dictation. Compare "me", Jeremiah 27:2 ; Jeremiah 28:1 . Some codices, with Syriac, read "Zedekiah", as in Jeremiah 26:3 and Jeremiah 26:12 .
In the beginning. The Massorah ( App-30 ) notes the fact that this expression occurs three times at the commencement of a verse (Genesis 1:1 .Genesis 26:1 ; Genesis 27:1 ).
came. At the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim; but it referred to a future time, as shown in Jeremiah 27:12 .
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
put them, &c. This was literally done, as a prophetic symbol; and at that time prophetic of what was to happen in the reign of Zedekiah, eleven years later.
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton to emphasize each respectively.
which come = that are coming. Part. Poel, as in Genesis 37:19 ; Genesis 41:29 , Genesis 41:35 .Genesis 4:16 ; Genesis 6:22 ; Gen 7:32 ; Genesis 9:25 ; Genesis 16:14 ; Genesis 23:5 , Genesis 23:7 ; Genesis 31:27 , Genesis 31:31 , Genesis 31:38 ; Genesis 32:7 ; Jeremiah 33:5 , Jeremiah 33:14 , &c. This was to take place eleven years later.
unto Zedekiah. Then and there we have the fulfilment of this prophecy.
the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel. See note on Jeremiah 7:3 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
I have made, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 1:1 ). App-92 .
the ground. Hebrew the face of the ground. Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 . Some codices read "the face of all the ground".
ground = earth.
great power . . . outstretched arm. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 6:6 . Deuteronomy 4:34 ; Deuteronomy 5:15 ; Deuteronomy 7:19 ; Deuteronomy 9:29 ; Deuteronomy 11:2 ; Deuteronomy 26:8 ).
Nebuchadnezzar. Some codices spell it "Nebuchadrezzar".
My servant. Compare Jeremiah 25:9 . See Daniel 2:37 , Daniel 2:38 .
him, and his son, and his son's son: i.e. Evil Merodach, Nergelissar, and Nabonidus, in whose seventeenth year Babylon was taken by Cyrus. App-67 .
the very time = the appointed end.
great kings: i.e. the kings of Persia and Media (Daniel 2:39 ).
the same = him.
saith the LORD = [is] Jehovah's oracle.
sword . . . famine . . . pestilence. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:25 , Leviticus 26:26 . Deuteronomy 28:21-24 ). App-92 .
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6 .
diviners, &c. These were their heathen guides.
enchanters = observers of the clouds.
sorcerers. These were mediums and necromancers.
I spake: i.e. thirteen years after this prophecy came to him. See note on Jeremiah 27:1 .
to Zedekiah. It is not stated whether he ever addressed the two other kings. Jehoahaz and Zedekiah were the sons of Hamutal; Jehoiakim was the son of the proud Zebudah (2 Kings 23:36 ). Compare Jeremiah 13:18 .
Why . . . ? Figure of speech Asterismos.
by. Some codices, with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and by", thus completing the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. Compare Jeremiah 27:8 .
as = according as.
to the priests. Probably in the Temple. Compare Jeremiah 28:1 .
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos.
the vessels: which were taken away by Nebuchadnezzar in the reigns of Jehoiakim and Jeconiah (2 Kings 24:13 . 2Ch 36:7 , 2 Chronicles 36:10 . Daniel 1:2 ).
wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
Be = exists; or, he and remain. Hebrew. yesh. Compare Jeremiah 31:6 , Jeremiah 31:16 , Jeremiah 31:17 , and see notes on Proverbs 8:21 ; Proverbs 18:24 .
the LORD of hosts = Jehovah Zebaoth. See note on Jer 6:6 . 1 Samuel 1:3 .
at. Some codices, with three early printed editions, omit this "at".
remain. Probably because they were too heavy and cumbrous.
city. So the reading of Ben-Asher; but Ben-Naphtali reads "land". These were the two rival critics of the Hebrew text in the tenth century A.D. who furnished the vowel-points. Ben-Asher's work was done at Tiberias in 827 "from the destruction of Jerusalem", and is now at Aleppo. Of Ben- Naphtali nothing is known beyond official lists which have come down to us.
Jeconiah. Compare Jeremiah 24:1 .
in. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read this "in" in the text.
then will I bring them up. Fulfilled by Cyrus (Ezra 1:7 ; Ezra 5:13 , Ezra 5:14 ).
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17