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Jer 27:1 In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah came this word unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
Ver. 1. In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim. ] By the date of this prophecy, compared with Jeremiah 27:12 ; Jeremiah 28:1 , it should seem that it lay dormant for fourteen or fifteen years ere it was recited.
Jer 27:2 Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,
Ver. 2. Make thee bonds and yokes, ] i.e., Yokes with bonds, such as they are wont to be fastened with.
And put them upon thy neck. ] This was to the prophet, saith the Jesuit, molesta et probrosa poenitentia, a a troublesome and disgraceful penance. But this was no will worship, say we; and much handsomer than the penances they put the people to in Italy, where you may see them go along the streets, saith mine author, b with a great rope about their necks, as if they were dropped down from the gallows. And sometimes they wear a sausage or a swine’s pudding in place of a silver or gold chain, for a sign of their mortification, and that they may merit.
a A Lapide.
b Bee Hive of Rome.
Jer 27:3 And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;
Ver. 3. By the hand of the messengers, ] i.e., Ambassadors of those neighbouring states, who might come to Zedekiah, to confederate with him against Nebuchadnezzar’s growing greatness; but all in vain, and to their own ruin. Deus quem destruit dementat. The wicked oft run to meet their bane, as if they were even ambitious of destruction.
Jer 27:4 And command them to say unto their masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Thus shall ye say unto your masters;
Ver. 4. Go, tell your masters. ] But they would not be warned, and were therefore ruined. So true is that of an ancient, Divinum consilium, dam devitatur, impletur: humana sapicuria, dum reluctatur, comprehendirut.
Jer 27:5 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that [are] upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me.
Ver. 5. I have made the earth. ] And I am therefore the great proprietary and Lord paramount of all, to transfer kingdoms at my pleasure. This Nebuchadnczzar, after seven years’ apprenticeship served among the beasts of the field, had learned to acknowledge. Dan 4:23-25
Jer 27:6 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.
Ver. 6. And now have I given all these lands. ] Nebuchadnezzar shall be monarch contra Gentes. Dicunt nugatores equitasse Nabuchodonosor super leonem, et infraenasse draconem. a
Jer 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
Ver. 7. And all nations shall serve him. ] All the neighbouring nations, and some others more remote; but never was any man παντοκρατωρ , universal monarch, though some have styled themselves so, as did Sesostris King of Egypt:
“ Qui Pharios currus regum cervicibus egit. ”
Until the very time of his land come. ] The greatest monarchies had their times and their turns, their rise and their ruin.
And then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him. ] As the Chaldeans had served themselves of the Assyrians, so did the Persians of the Chaldeans, the Greeks of the Persians, the Romans of the Greeks, the Goths and Vandals, and now the Turks, of the Romans; such an aestuaria vicissitudo there is in earthly kingdoms, such a strange uncertainty in all things here below. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear." Heb 12:28 Let us serve him, and not serve ourselves upon him, as self-seekers do.
Jer 27:8 And it shall come to pass, [that] the nation and kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand.
Ver. 8. And it shall come to pass that the nation, &c. ] It is better, then, to serve a foreign prince than to perish by the sword, famine, or pestilence. It should not be grievous to any man to sacrifice all his outward comforts to the service of his life.
And that will not put their neck under the yoke. ] The Lord disposeth of the kingdoms of the heathens also, though in such a way as may seem to us to be mere hap hazard.
That nation will I punish. ] By seeking to shun a less mischief, they shall fall into a greater; if they escape frost, they shall meet with snow.
Jer 27:9 Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreamers, nor to your enchanters, nor to your sorcerers, which speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon:
Ver. 9. Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets. ] Whom the devil setteth to work to persuade you otherwise to your ruin; as he is an old manslayer, and hath his breathing devils abroad as his agents, such as are here mentioned.
Jer 27:10 For they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land; and that I should drive you out, and ye should perish.
Ver. 10. To remove you far from your land. ] So it would prove; and such would be the event of their false prophecies.
Jer 27:11 But the nations that bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, those will I let remain still in their own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.
Ver. 11. But the nations that bring their neck. ] When God bids us yoke, it is best to submit. In all his commands there is so much reason for them, that if God did not enjoin them, yet it were best, in self-respects, for us to practise them; since in serving him we shall have the creatures to serve us, &c.
Jer 27:12 I spake also to Zedekiah king of Judah according to all these words, saying, Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live.
Ver. 12. I spake also to Zedekiah. ] See on Jeremiah 27:1 .
Bring your necks under the yoke. ] Better do so than worse: if ye will not be active in it, ye shall be passive; and that because ye would not take upon you the lighter yoke of mine obedience.
“ Deus crudelius urit
Quos videt invitos succubuisse sibi. ”
- Tibul. Eleg. 1.
Jer 27:13 Why will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as the LORD hath spoken against the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon?
Ver. 13. Why will ye die, thou and thy people? ] Ec quae haec pertinacia? If thou hast no mercy on thyself, yet pity the State, which is like to perish by thy pertinace. Josephus highly commendeth Jeconiah for his yielding to go into captivity for the safety of the city. Tertullian giveth this counsel to Scapula the persecutor, If thou wilt not spare us, yet spare thyself; or, if not thyself, yet thy country, Carthage, which is like to smoke for thy cruelty, for "God is the avenger of all such."
Jer 27:14 Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.
Ver. 14. Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets. ] Quanta opus opera, saith Oecolampadius. What a business it is to beat men off from false prophets and seducers! But let the end and the evils they lead to be remembered. Cavete a Melampyge.
Jer 27:15 For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they prophesy a lie in my name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.
Ver. 15. For they prophesy a lie. ] When they speak a lie, they speak of their own, as it is said of their father the devil. Joh 8:44 Jer 23:21-22
Jer 27:16 Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD’S house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.
Ver. 16. Behold, the vessels of the Lord’s house, &c.] Notorious impudence! but it hath ever been the lot of the Church to be pestered with such frontless dissolute fellows, who dare affirm things flat opposite to the truth, and flatter men in their sin to their utter ruin. Those who are of God can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth. 2Co 13:8
Jer 27:17 Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste?
Ver. 17. Hearken not unto them. ] Life and death is let in by the ear. Isa 55:3 Take heed, therefore, what ye hear.
Serve the king of Babylon. ] And so long as ye may have liberty of conscience upon any reasonable terms, be content; and not, as the bird in the cage, which, because pent up, beateth herself.
Jer 27:18 But if they [be] prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and [in] the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.
Ver. 18. Let them make intercession to the Lord of hosts. ] Let them pray in the Holy Ghost, by whom they pretend to be inspired. Let us see what answer. So Elias called upon the Baalites to call aloud unto their god; and forasmuch as he heard them not, the people were satisfied that they were false prophets. God will fulfil what he hath foretold; but then he looketh that his servants should make intercession. Elias had foretold Ahab that there should be store of rain after a long drought; but then he went up into Mount Carmel to pray for that rain. I came for thy prayer, said the angel to Daniel. God’s prophets are his favourites, and may have anything of him.
Jer 27:19 For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city,
Ver. 19. Concerning the sea, and concerning the pillars, &c. ] Of these, see 1 Kings 7:15 ; 1Ki 7:23 ; 1 Kings 7:27 .
And concerning the residue of the vessels. ] All the goodly plate, whether sacred or profane, that the moderation of the conqueror had left in the city. a
Jer 27:20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem;
Ver. 20. Which Nebuchadnezzar took not. ] See on Jeremiah 27:19 .
Jer 27:22 They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.
Ver. 22. Until the day that I visit them. ] Till by my providence I appoint a great part of them to be brought back again, and to be new consecrated to my service. Ezra 1:7 ; Ezr 7:19
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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17