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The Thirty-Sixth Prophecy of Jeremiah (see book comments for Jeremiah).
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
chains = the two fetters, as in Jeremiah 39:7 .
the guard. See note on Jeremiah 39:9 .
said. Nebuzar-adan takes all the credit to himself. Compare Jeremiah 39:11 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
evil = calamity. Hebrew. ra'a. App-44 .
because ye have sinned, &c. Reference to Pentateuch.
behold. Figure of speech Asterism o s . App-6 .
hand. Some codices, with eight early printed editions, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "hands".
Now while he was not yet gone back = And ere yet he could make reply.
Gedaliah. See note on Jeremiah 26:24 , and Compare Jeremiah 39:14 .
Shaphan. See note on 2 Kings 22:3 .
reward = present.
Mizpah. North of Jerusalem, near Anathoth. Compare Jeremiah 41:5-9 . Joshua 18:26 . 1Sa 7:16 ; 1 Samuel 10:17 , and 1 Kings 15:22 . The scene of the following events: here had been Asa's fortress (Jeremiah 41:9 ); here Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar and Titus got their first view of Jerusalem.
men. Hebrew pi. of 'enosh. App-14 .
governor. No more attempts to make a king, after Zedekiah's perjury. See Ezekiel 17:15-19 .
children = young children.
poor. Hebrew "poverty", put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for poor people. See Proverbs 6:11 .
Ishmael. The Massorites ( App-30 ) set their hand to obliterate the Divine names in the case of men who had served to disgrace it. One is ' el , in the compound "Ishmael", which means "whom my El heareth". It is used of five different men, and occurs forty-eight times: twenty times of Hagar's son; twenty-three times of Nethaniah's son in this history; and five times of the other three. On account of his horrible treachery, the memory of which is perpetuated by the fast of the seventh month (Zechariah 7:5 ; Zechariah 8:9 ), the vowel points were changed to obliterate the Divine Name (El): viz. yishma'el, instead of yishma'el, which is not observable in the ordinary English spelling.
sons. Some codices, with Aram, and Septuagint, read "son", as in Jeremiah 40:13 .
Netophathite = a man of Netophah, now Khan Umm Tobah, north of Bethlehem (1 Chronicles 2:54 .Ezra 2:22 .Nehemiah 7:26; Nehemiah 7:26 ).
wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27 .
summer fruits. Hebrew "summer". Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for the fruits gathered in summer.
fields = field (singular)
slay thee = strike thy soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
man. Hebrew ' Ish . App-14 .
gathered = gathered out.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 40". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent