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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Job 14

Verse 1

Man. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 . "Man" is to Job 14:1 what Job 14:1 is to the whole paragraph. The Hebrew accent ( Dehi ) emphasizes the word "man", and divides the verse into two members; viz. (1) man and (2) his characteristics which are three: (1) his origin (born in sin), (2) his brevity of life, and (3) his fullness of sorrow.

Verse 3

dost. ? Figure of speech Erotesis.

me. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read "him".

Verse 4

Who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.

Verse 5

bounds. Four early printed editions read "fixed times".

Verse 7

For there is hope of a tree. This is a positive independent statement, about which there is no doubt. There should be a full stop here. Then the Hebrew accents mark off two hypotheses: (1) if it is cut down (Job 14:7 ) the Spring will wake its sap; (2) if waxing old (Job 14:8 ) it may still send forth a new growth. But there is no hope of man's living again like a tree. If he is to "live again" he must be raised from the dead.

Verse 9

plants = a new plant.

Verse 10

man = strong man. Hebrew. geber. App-14 .

wasteth away = will decompose.

giveth up, &c. See note on Job 3:11 .

where . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

Verse 12

man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 13

O. Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6 .

the grave = Sheol. App-35 .

Verse 14

shall . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

live again: i.e. in resurrection. Compare John 11:25 , John 11:26 .

appointed time = service, or warfare.

change = improvement. Hebrew. halaph = a. change for the better. See note on Leviticus 27:10 .

Verse 15

desire = a longing.

Verse 16

sin. Hebrew. Chata App-44 .

Verse 17

transgression. Hebrew. pasha'. App-44 .

iniquity. Hebrew. 'avah. App-44 .

Verse 19

The waters, &c. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6 .

man = a mortal. Hebrew. 'en6sh. App-14 .

Verse 22

But. This verse describes what happens while he is alive. See below.

his soul = he himself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

within = over.

mourn: i.e. mourn "over himself". Hebrew. 'alaiv, as in Hosea 10:5 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 14". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/job-14.html. 1909-1922.