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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Jude 1

Verse 1

Jude . See Introductory Notes.

the = a.

servant . App-190 .

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

James . See James 1:1 .

sanctified . All the texts and the Syriac read "beloved" ( App-135 .)

by = in. App-104 .

God . App-98 .

Father . App-98 .

preserved = kept. Greek. tereo . Occ five times in the epistle, verses: Jude 1:1 , Jude 1:6 , Jude 1:6 , Jude 1:13 , Jude 1:21 . The word phulasso is used in Jude 1:24 .

Verse 2

unto = to.

love . App-135 . The only salutation where "love" is mentioned.

multiplied . Compare 1 Peter 1:2 . 2 Peter 1:2 .

Verse 3

Beloved . App-135 .

when I gave = making.

the . The texts read "our".

common . Compare Titus 1:4 .

it was needful for me = I had need.

and exhort = exhorting. App-134 .

that ye should = to.

earnestly contend . Greek. epagonizomai. Only here. Compare agonizomai. Luke 13:24 .

faith . App-150 .

once = once for all.

delivered . Greek. paradidomi. See John 19:30 .

saints . See Acts 9:13 .

Verse 4

there are . Omit.

certain . App-124 .

men . App-123 .

crept in unawares . Greek. pareisduo. Only here. Compare Galatians 1:2 , Galatians 1:4 . 2 Peter 2:1 .

before . . . ordained = before written. Greek. prographo. See Romans 15:4 .

condemnation . App-177 .

ungodly men = impious. Greek. asebes. See Romans 4:5 , and compare App-128 .

turning = changing. Greek. metatithemi. See Acts 7:16 .

grace . App-184 .

into . App-104 .

lasciviousness . Greek. aselgeia. See Romans 13:13 .

denying . See 2 Peter 2:1 .

Lord . App-98 .

God . The texts omit.

Lord . App-98 .

Verse 5

will . App-102 .

put . . . in remembrance . Greek. hupomimnesko. See John 14:26 . knew. App-132 .

LORD . App-98 . Some texts (not the Syriac) read "Jesus". Compare 1 Corinthians 10:4 .

People . Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47 .

land . App-129 .

afterward . Literally the second time, or in the second place.

destroyed . Greek. apollumi. See John 17:12 .

believed . App-150 .

Verse 6

kept . Same as "preserved", Jude 1:1 .

their first estate = their own principality ( App-172 .) Compare Ephesians 1:21 ; Ephesians 3:10 ; 2 Chronicles 1:16; 2 Chronicles 1:16 ; Colossians 2:10 , Colossians 2:15 .

habitation . Greek. oikiterion. Only here and 2 Corinthians 5:2 .

reserved . Same as "kept", above.

everlasting . App-151 .

chains . Greek. desmos. Not same word as Revelation 20:1 .

under . App-104 .

darkness . See 2 Peter 2:4 .

judgment . App-177 .

day . See Matthew 25:41 .Revelation 20:10 , Revelation 20:11 .

Verse 7

about . App-104 .

manner . Add "to these", i.e. the angels of Jude 1:6 . The sin of Sodom and Gomorrha, like that of the angels of Genesis 6:0 ( App-23 ,), was an unnatural one, breaking through the bounds which God had set.

giving, &c. Greek. ekporneuo. Only here. Anintensive form of porneuo, which occurs: 1 Corinthians 6:18 . &c.

strange = other. App-124 .

are set forth . Greek. prokeimai. See 2 Corinthians 8:12 .

example . Greek. deigma. Only here.

suffering = undergoing. Greek. hupecho. Only here.

vengeance . App-177 .

eternal . App-151 .

Verse 8

also these = these also.

dreamers = in their dreamings. Greek. enupniazomai. See Acts 2:17 .

defile . See John 18:28 .

despise . Greek. atheteo. See John 12:48 (rejecteth).

dominion = lordship. See Ephesians 1:21 . 2 Peter 2:10 (government).

speak evil of = blaspheme.

dignities . Literally glories. Compare 2 Peter 2:10 .

Verse 9

Michael . See Daniel 10:13 .

archangel . See 1 Thessalonians 4:16 . No other angel bears this title.

contending . App-122 .

disputed . Greek. dialegomai. See Acts 17:2 .

about . App-104 .

Moses . The seventy-ninth occurance of the name. See Matthew 8:4 . This disputemust have taken place after the death of Moses and his burial by Jehovah, for "death reigned from Adam to (until) Moses" (Romans 5:14 ). The devilclaimed Moses for the death-state, but God raised him as representative ofthose hereafter to be raised, as Elijah of those to be caught up withoutdying.

bring against . Greek. epiphero. See Acts 19:12 .

railing accusation . Literally judgment ( App-177 .) of railing (Greek. blasphemia) .

LORD . App-98 .

Verse 10

know . App-132 .

naturally . Greek. phusikos. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:12 .

brute . See 2 Peter 2:12 .

in . App-104 .

corrupt themselves = are destroyed. Greek. phtheiro. See 1 Corinthians 3:17 .

Verse 11

have gone = went.

Cain . His way was that of natural religion, not the way God hadappointed.

ran greedily = rushed. Literally were poured out. Greek. ekchuno. Often translated "shed".

reward . Same word as in 2 Peter 2:13 , 2 Peter 2:15 .

perished . Greek. apollumi. See John 17:12 .

gainsaying . Greek. antilogia. See Hebrews 6:16 ; Hebrews 12:3 . In five places wherethe Hebrew has "Meribah", the Septuagint translates it by antilogia. Numbers 20:13 ; Numbers 27:14 .Deuteronomy 32:51 ; Deuteronomy 33:8 . Psalms 81:7 .

Core . Korah, as the two others, resisted the declared will of God.

Verse 12

spots = hidden rocks, as the texts. Greek. spilas. Only here. The word in Ephesians 5:27 and 2 Peter 2:13 is spilos.

feasts of charity . Literally loves, i.e. love-feasts. App-135 .

when they feast = feasting. See 2 Peter 2:13 .

feeding . Literally pasturing, as a shepherd does his flock.

themselves . Making the love-feast an occasion of gratifying the appetite, instead of promoting spiritual edification. Compare Ezekiel 34:2 .

whose fruit withereth = in autumnal decay. Greek. phthinoporinos. Onlyhere.

without fruit . Greek. akarpos. Elsewhere translated "unfruitful".

Verse 13

Raging = Wild. Greek. agrios. Occurs: Matthew 3:4 .Mark 1:6 .

foaming out . Greek. epaphrizo. Only here.

wandering . Greek. planetes. Only here.

is = hath been.

blackness . Same as "darkness", Jude 1:6 .

for ever . App-151 . a.

Verse 14

And, &c . Read, "And to these also Enoch".

Behold . App-133 .:2.

cometh . Literally came.

with = among. App-104 .

saints = holy ones, i.e. angels. Compare Deuteronomy 33:2 , Revised Version Matthew 25:31 .Mark 8:38 .

Verse 15

upon = against. App-104 .

convince = convict. Greek. exelencho. Only here, but the texts read elencho , as John 8:9 .

that are = the.

among = of. The texts omit.

their = the.

ungodly deeds = works of impiety ( App-128 . IV).

have . Omit.

ungodly committed . See 2 Peter 2:6 .

have spoken = spake. App-121 .

against . App-104 .

Verse 16

murmurers. Greek. gongustes. Only here. Compare John 6:41 .Acts 6:1 .

complainers . Greek. mempsimoiros. Only here.

after . App-104 .

great swelling . See 2 Peter 2:18 .

having , &c. = admiring persons.

because of. Greek. charin . See 1 John 3:12 .

advantage = profit. See Romans 3:1 .

Verse 17

words . Greek. rhema, See Mark 9:32 .

were = have been.

apostles . App-189 .

Lord . App-98 .

Verse 18

told = said to.

should = shall.

mockers = scoffers. See 2 Peter 3:3 .

in . The texts read App-104 .

who, &c . walking.

ungodly lusts = lusts of impieties ( App-128 . IV).

Verse 19

separate themselves = are separating. Greek. apodiorizo. Only here.

sensual . Greek. psuchikos. See 1 Corinthians 2:14 .James 3:15 .

Spirit . Here "spirit". App-101 .

Verse 20

building up. See Acts 20:32 .

faith App-150 .; i.e. the object of faith Compare 1 Corinthians 3:11 .

praying . App-134 .

Holy Ghost = holy spirit. App-101 .

Verse 21

the love of God = God's love to you, i.e. the assurance of it, basedon His Word.

looking for . Greek. prosdechomai. See Acts 23:21 .

life . App-170 .

Verse 22

have compassion . Some texts read elencho, "convict".

making, &c . App-122 ., but several texts read "when they contend".

Verse 23

with. The texts read en . App-104 .

spotted . Greek. spiloo, See James 3:6 , and compare Revelation 3:4 .

Verse 24

keep = guard. Greek. phulassso. Compare John 17:12 .

from falling = without falling. Greek. aptaistos. Only here. Compare Romans 11:11 (stumble).

present = set, or make stand. See Acts 22:30 .

faultless = blameless. Greek. amomos. See Ephesians 1:4 .Colossians 1:22 .

before the presence of. Greek. katenopion. See 2 Corinthians 2:17 .

glory . See p. 1511exceeding joy = exultation. Greek. agalliasis. See Acts 2:46 .

Verse 25

wise . All the texts omit. Compare 1 Timothy 1:17 .

majesty . Greek. megalosune. See Hebrews 1:3 .

dominion . App-172 .

power . App-172 .

now, &c . The texts read "before every age and now and unto all the ages".

ever . App-151 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jude 1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/jude-1.html. 1909-1922.