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Jephthah = He will deliver. Note the Fig, Epanadiplosis ( App-6 ), to call attention to the facts of this verse, introducing Jephthah. All was irregular: no king, no judge, no priest.
Gileadite = son of the man Gilead.
man. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14 .
strange = foreign.
from. Hebrew "from the face of". Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 .
Tob = fruitful land. East of Syria.
vain = unemployed, or bankrupt.
children = sons.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
be witness = be a hearer.
with. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "unto".
before the LORD = in the presence of Jehovah.
in Mizpeh. Compare Judges 10:17 .
And said. A special reading ( Sevir , App-34 ) and some codices read "and they said". Hebrew text = he.
me. Most codices, with Syriac, read "us" as in Judges 11:19 . Compare Numbers 20:14 .
Went along = went on.
but came not. Compare Numbers 21:13 , Numbers 21:24 .
Israel sent. Compare Deuteronomy 2:26 .
us. Compare Judges 11:17 and Deuteronomy 2:27 .
trusted = stayed or rested on. See App-69 .
coast = border.
shouldest thou . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
it = him: i.e. Israel. Being masculine (in Hebrew), cannot refer to the land of Judges 11:21 ; and singular, so that it cannot refer to coasts of Judges 11:22 .
Wilt not thou . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis . Jephthah does not recognize Chemosh as a god. The emphasis is on "thy" and "our", and is the argument a fortiori : and, taking them on their own ground, it is the argumentum ad hominem.
art thou. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. Compare Numbers 22:2 .Deuteronomy 23:4 .Joshua 24:9 .
three hundred years. Not a "round number". See App-50 .
the Spirit. Hebrew. ruach (feminine.) See App-9 .
unto. This word is read in the text of some codices with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate.
vowed a vow. Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ) = made a solemn vow. See notes on Leviticus 27:1-8 .
whatsoever. This is masculine. But the issuer from his house was feminine. Thus his rash vow was impossible of fulfillment, and was to be repented of.
and = or. The Hebrew ( Vav ) is a connective Particle, and is rendered in many different ways. It is also used as a disjunctive, and is often rendered "or" (or, with a negative, "nor"). See Genesis 41:44 .Exodus 20:4 ; Exodus 21:15 , Exodus 21:17 , Exodus 21:18 . Numbers 16:14 ; Numbers 22:26 (Revised Version "nor"); Deuteronomy 3:24 . 2 Samuel 3:29 . 1Ki 18:10 , 1 Kings 18:27 . With a negative = "nor", "neither". Exodus 20:17 . Deu 7:25 . 2 Samuel 1:21 .Psalms 26:9 . Proverbs 6:4 ; Proverbs 30:3 , &c. See note on "but", 1 Kings 2:9 . Here, Jephthah's vow consisted of two parts: (1) He would either dedicate it to Jehovah (according to Leviticus 27:0 ); or (2) if unsuitable for this, he would offer it as a burnt offering. He performed his vow, and dedicated his daughter to Jehovah by a perpetual virginity (verses: Judges 11:36 , Judges 11:39 , Judges 11:40 ); but he did not offer her as a burnt offering, because it was forbidden by Jehovah, and could not be accepted by Him (Judges 18:21 ; Judges 20:2-5 ).
timbrels = drums. See note on Exodus 15:20 .
beside her. Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 . The fact is stated in two ways, in order to emphasize it.
opened my mouth. Hebraism for making a formal, prepared, and solemn statement.
go up and down = wander about.
did with her according to his vow which he had vowed = He did not offer her as a burnt offering; for Jehovah could not accept th a t . Therefore Jephthah must have dedicated her to the LORD by a perpetual virginity. Such a vow was provided for in Leviticus 27:0 . See note on Judges 11:31 .
and she knew no man. This is conclusive. It has nothing to do with a sacrificial death, but it has to do with a dedicated life to Jehovah. Thus was Jephthah's vow fulfilled.
And it was = and it became.
to lament = to rehearse with, as in Judges 5:11 ; to celebrate [her dedication] in praises.
four days in a year. Thus annually her friends "went", evidently to Jephthah's daughter, to rehearse with her this great event of her life: not of her death.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Judges 11". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 22 / Ordinary 27