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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Judges

- Judges

by E.W. Bullinger

Jdg
JUDGES.

THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK AS A WHOLE.


TITLE, Judges. The Heb. name is Shophetim = rulers;from verb to put right and then rule. Not Judges, as modern English. For origin and description of name, cp. . In Sept. = kritai ;Latin, Liber Judicum. The office peculiar to Israel. The book records the history of thirteen Judges (twelve called of God and one ausurper), whose names by Gematria make a multiple of eight and thirteen (see Appdx-10); six "evil" doings (see note on Judges 2:11); six oppressors and oppressions (see note on Judges 2:14); and six deliverances (see note on Judges 2:16).

Judges 1:1 - Judges 2:5. ISRAEL AND OTHER PEOPLES. AGGRESSIONS.
Judges 2:6 - Judges 8:35. GOVERNMENT.
. INTERNAL DISORDERS.
Judges 10:1 - Judges 16:31. GOVERNMENT.
Judges 17:1 - Judges 18:31. ISRAEL AND OTHER PEOPLES. AGGRESSIONS.
Judges 19:1 - Judges 21:25. INTERNAL DISORDERS.


Judges 1:1 - Judges 2:5. CONQUESTS. ISRAEL AND OTHER NATIONS.
. By the tribe of Judah.
Judges 1:21. Unexpelled inhabitants.
. By the house of Joseph.
Judges 1:27 - Judges 2:5. Unexpelled inhabitants.


. BY THE TRIBE OF JUDAH.
. Judah.
. Conquest. Jerusalem.
Judges 1:9. Judah.
Judges 1:10. Conquest. Hebron.
Judges 1:11. Judah.
. Conquest. Debir.
Judges 1:17. Judah.
. Conquest. Hebron.


. BY THE HOUSE OF JOSEPH.
-. Beth-el besieged.
-
, Judges 1:23. Name explained.
Judges 1:24 -. Spies. Mission.
-
, Judges 1:24. Spies. Action.
Judges 1:25. Beth-el taken
Judges 1:26. Name explained.


Judges 1:27 - Judges 2:5. UNEXPELLED INHABITANTS.
. Non-expulsion. The sin.
. Non-expulsion. The punishment.


. NON-EXPULSION. SIN.
Judges 1:27. Manasseh.
Judges 1:28. Made them tributaries.
-. Ephraim and Zebulun.
-
, Judges 1:30. Made them tributaries.
-. Asher and Naphtali.
-
, Judges 1:33. Made them tributaries.


. NON-EXPULSION. PUNISHMENT.
. Expostulation. Cause. Disobedience.
Judges 2:3. Threatening.
Judges 2:4. Expostulation. Effect. Weeping.
Judges 2:5. Worship.


Judges 2:6 - Judges 8:32. GOVERNMENT.
. Antecedent.
Judges 2:11 - Judges 8:32. Subsequent.


. ANTECEDENT.
Judges 2:6. Joshua""s life.
Judges 2:7. Predecessors. Knowledge. Obedience.
-. Joshua""s death.
-
, Judges 2:10. Successors. Ignorance. Disobedience.


Judges 2:11 - Judges 8:32. SUBSEQUENT.
Judges 2:11 - Judges 3:4. The People and their Apostasies.
Judges 3:5 - Judges 8:2. The oppressors and Delivers.


Judges 2:11 - Judges 3:4. THE PEOPLE AND THEIR APOSTASIES.
. Evil committed.
Judges 2:14 -. Anger of Jehovah.
. Punishment. Sold to enemies.
. Evil repeated.
Judges 2:20 -. Anger of Jehovah.
; Judges 3:1-4. Punishment. Proved by enemies.


. EVIL REPEATED.
Judges 2:16 -. Judges raised up.
-
, Judges 2:16. Deliverance.
Judges 2:17. Apostasy.
Judges 2:18 -. Judges raised up.
-
, Judges 2:18. Deliverance.
Judges 2:19. Apostasy.


Judges 2:20 - Judges 3:4. PUNISHMENT. PROVING.
. Non-expulsion.
Judges 2:22. Trial.
Judges 2:23. Non-expulsion.
. Trial.
Judges 3:3. Non-expulsion.
Judges 3:4. Trial.


Judges 3:5 - Judges 8:32. OPPRESSORS AND DELIVERERS.
. Chushan-rishathaim. (Othniel.)
. Eglon. (Ehud.)
Judges 3:31. Shamgar. (Philistines.)
Judges 4:1 - Judges 5:31. Jabin. (Barak.)
Judges 6:1 - Judges 8:35. Midian. (Gideon.)


. CHUSHAN-RISHATHAIM, AND OTHNIEL.
. Evil committed.
Judges 3:8 -. Oppressor. (Chushan-rishathaim.)
-
, Judges 3:8. Servitude. Eight years.
Judges 3:9 -. Evil repented of.
-
, . Deliverer. (Othniel.)
Judges 3:11. Rest. Forty years.


. EGLON. (EHUD.)
Judges 3:12 -. Evil committed.
-
, . Oppressor. (Eglon.)
Judges 3:14. Servitude. Eighteen years.
Judges 3:15 -. Evil repented of.
-
, -. Deliverer. (Ehud.)
-
, Judges 3:30. Rest. Eighty years.


-, . DELIVERER. (EHUD.)
-
, . Assassination of Eglon.
. Slaughter of Moabites.


-, . ASSASSINATION OF EGLON.
-
, Judges 3:15. Present sent.
Judges 3:16. Dagger prepared.
. Present brought.
. Interview sought.
. Dagger used.
. Interview ended.


Judges 4:1 - Judges 5:31. JABIN. (DEBORAH.)
. Oppression by Jabin.
Judges 4:4 - Judges 5:31. Deliverance by Barak.
. OPPRESSION BY JABIN.
Judges 4:1. Evil wrought.
Judges 4:2. Oppression.
Judges 4:3 -. Evil repented of.
-
, Judges 4:3. Oppression


Judges 4:4 - Judges 5:31. DELIVERANCE BY DEBORAH.
. Deliverer raised up.
. Deliverance.
-. Delivers"" song.
Judges 5:31. Rest.


. DELIVERANCE.
Judges 4:7 -. Command given by Jehovah.
-
, Judges 4:7. Place of battle.
. Instruments. Barak and a woman.
. Place of battle.
. Victory. Promise fulfilled.
. Instruments. Barak and a woman.
. Victory given by Jehovah.


. INSTRUMENT. A WOMAN.
Judges 4:17. Flight of Sisera.
Judges 4:18 -. Jael meeting Sisera.
-
, . Concealment.
Judges 4:21. Sisera slain.
Judges 4:22 -. Pursuit by Barak.
-
, Judges 4:22 -. Jael meeting Barak.
-
, Judges 4:22 -. Discovery.
-
, Judges 4:22. Sisera dead.


-. THE DELIVERERS"" SONG.
, -. Praise to Jehovah. Avenging of Israel.
-
, . Israel. People""s voluntary service.
. Contrasted states of the country.
Judges 5:9. Israel. Leaders"" voluntary service.
. Contrasted states of the country.
. Contrasted conduct of tribes.
. Enemy. Battle and defeat.
. Contrasted succour of Israel.
. Enemy. Presumption and defeat.
Judges 5:31 -. Praise to Jehovah. Avenging of Israel.


. CONTRASTED CONDUCT OF TRIBES.
-. Warriors.
-
, . Absentees.
Judges 5:18. Warriors.


. CONSTRASTED SUCCOUR FOR ISREAL.
Judges 5:23 -. Curse.
-
, Judges 5:23. Reason.
Judges 5:24. Blessing.
. Reason.


Judges 6:1 - Judges 8:35. MIDIAN. (GIDEON.)
. Midian.
Judges 6:11 - Judges 8:35. Gideon.
. MIDIAN.
Judges 6:1 -. The evil wrought.
-
, Judges 6:1 -. The oppressor.
-
, Judges 6:1. Servitude (seven years).
-. The oppression.
-
, . The evil repented of.


Judges 6:11 - Judges 8:35. GIDEON.
Judges 6:11 - Judges 7:18. The Deliverer. Raised up.
Judges 7:19 - Judges 8:23. Deliverance.
. The Deliverer. Rewarded.
Judges 8:28. Rest (forty years).
. The Deliverer. Forgotten.


Judges 6:11 - Judges 7:18. THE DELIVERER.
, . Angel of Jehovah. Message to Gideon
. Sign. Fire.
. Command.
. Obedience of Gideon.
Judges 6:33. Midianites.
. Spirit of Jehovah. Message to tribes.
. Signs. Fleece.
. Directions.
. Medianites.
. Obedience of Gideon.


. ANGEL OF JEHOVAH. MESSAGE, &c.
Judges 6:11 -. Angel. Place.
-
, Judges 6:11. Gideon. Employment.
Judges 6:12. Angel. Encouragement.
Judges 6:13. Gideon. Complaint.

Judges 6:14. Angel. Mission.
Judges 6:15. Gideon. Question.
Judges 6:16. Angel. Answer.


. SIGN. FIRE.
-. Gideon. Request.
-
, Judges 6:18. Angel. Compliance.
19. Gideon. Offering.
. Angel. Acceptance.
Judges 6:22. Gideon. Fear.
Judges 6:23. Angel. Assurance.
Judges 6:24. Gideon. Worship.


. SIGN. FLEECE.
. Request.
Judges 6:38. Compliance.
Judges 6:39. Request.
Judges 6:40. Compliance.


. DIRECTION.
Judges 7:1. Gideon. Obedience.
-. Jehovah""s objection.
-
, Judges 7:3. Result.
Judges 7:4. Jehovah""s objection.
. Result.
Judges 7:7. Jehovah""s selection.
Judges 7:8. Result.
. Gideon. Command.
Judges 7:8,
. The assult.
. Medianite host. Flight.
Judges 7:23. Pursuit by Naphtali.
. The victory.
. Pursuit by Gideon.
. Midianite kings. Capture.


. PURSUIT AND CAPTURE.
. Men of Ephraim, and Gideon.
. Succoth. Colloquy.
. Penuel. Colloquy.
. Kings taken.
. Succoth. Retribution.
Judges 8:17. Penuel. Retribution.
. Kings slain.
. Men of Israel, and Gideon.


. INTERNAL DISORDERS.
. Abimelech""s usurpation.
. Action of Jotham.
. Action of God.
. Abimelech""s usurpation avenged.

. ACTION OF JOTHAM.
Judges 9:7. Jotham""s coming forth.
. Parable given.
. Parable interpreted.
Judges 9:21. Jotham""s fleeing away.


. ACTION OF GOD.
. Evil spirit sent out. Pur-
Judges 9:24 -. Against Abimelech. pose.
-
, Judges 9:24. Against Shechemites.
. Evil spirit in operation. Accom-
. Against Shechemites. plish-
. Against Abimelech. ment.


. EVIL SPIRIT IN OPERATION.
Judges 9:25. Shechemites.
Judges 9:26 -. Gaal.
-
, . Shechemites.
. Gaal.
. Zebul. Conspiracy.
Judges 9:34. Abimelech.
Judges 9:35 -. Gaal.
. Zebul. Flight.
. Shechemites.
. Tower of Shechem.
Judges 9:50. Thebez.
. Tower of Thebez.
.


THE TOWER OF SHECHEM. THE TOWER OF THEBEZ.
. Refuge.
Judges 9:48. Brushwood.
Judges 9:49 -. Burning.
-
, Judges 9:49. Deaths. Shechemites.
Judges 9:51. Refuge.
Judges 9:52. Burning.
Judges 9:53. Millstone.
. Death. Abimelech.


Judges 10:1 - Judges 16:31. GOVERNMENT.
. Judges. (Tola and Jair.)
Judges 10:6-12:7. Ammonites and Jephthah.
. Judges. (Ibzan, Elon, Abdon.)
Judges 13:1 - Judges 16:31. Philistines and Samson.


Judges 10:6 - Judges 12:7. AMONITES AND JEPHTHAH.
Judges 10:6. The evil wrought.
Judges 10:7. Selling to Philistines and Ammonites.
. Oppression (eighteen years).
. The evil repented of.
Judges 10:17 - Judges 12:6. Deliverance by Jephthah.
Judges 12:7. Government by Jephthah (six years).


. THE EVIL REPENTED OF.
Judges 10:10. Confession.
. Reproach.
-. Confession.
-
, Judges 10:16. Pity.


Judges 10:17 - Judges 12:6. DELIVERANCE BY JEPHTHAH.
Judges 10:17. Ammonite invasion.
Judges 10:18. A Leader needed.
. Leader rejected.
Judges 11:4. Ammonite war.
. Jephthah called.
. Jephthah appointed.
. Ammonite negotiation.
Judges 11:29. Jephthah inspired.
. Jephthah""s return.
. Ammonite defeat.
Judges 11:34 -. Jephthah""s return.
. Jephthah""s vow performed.
Judges 12:1. Ephraimite dispute.
. Jephthah""s answer.
. Jephthah""s action.


. AMMONITE NEGOTIATION.
Judges 11:12. First message.
Judges 11:13. King""s answer.
. Second message.
Judges 11:28. King""s obstinacy.


. THE VOW PERFORMED.
-
, . Performance.
. Suspension.
Judges 11:39 -. Performance.
-
, . Commemoration.


. JUDGES (IBZAN, ELON, ABDON).
-. Ibzan.
-
, Judges 12:9. Government (seven years).
Judges 12:10. Death.
Judges 12:11 -. Elon.
-
, Judges 12:11. Government (ten years).
Judges 12:12. Death.
-. Abdon.
-
, Judges 12:14. Government (eight years.)
Judges 12:15. Death.


Judges 13:1-16:31. PHILISTINES AND SAMSON.
Judges 13:1 -. Delivered to oppressors.
Judges 13:1. Time of servitude (forty years).
Judges 13:2 - Judges 16:31 -. Delivered by Samson.
Judges 16:31. Time of government (twenty years).


Judges 13:2 - Judges 16:31. DELIVERED BY SAMSON.
. Promise. A deliverer.
. Parents. Fear, and Cheer.
. Child. Growth, and Power.
Judges 14:1 - Judges 16:31 -. Promise fulfilled. Deliverer.


. PROMISE. A DELIVERER.
. First appearance of Angel.
. Second appearance of Angel.
. Detention of Angel


. SECOND APPEANANCE OF ANGEL.
Judges 13:8 -. Reappearance intreated.
-
, Judges 13:8. Direction sought.
. Reappearance vouchsafed.
. Direction given.


. DETENTION OF THE ANGEL.
-. Invitation of Manoah.
-
, Judges 13:16. Manaoh""s ignorance.
. Angel""s name. "Wonderful."
Judges 13:19 -. Offering of Manoah.
-
, -. Angel""s action. "Wonderful."
-
, Judges 13:21. Manoah""s knowledge.


Judges 14:1 - Judges 16:31. PROMISE FULFILLED.
. Marriage.
. Slaughter, in life.
Judges 15:20. Government, twenty years.
. Harlots.
-. Slaughter, in death.


. MARRIAGE.
. Proposals.
. Feast.


. PROPOSALS.
. Wife.
. Lion. Rent.
-
, Judges 14:6. Concealment.
Judges 14:7. Wife.
-. Lion. Honey in it.
-
, Judges 14:9. Concealment.


. THE FEAST.
. Wife and companions.
. Conditions proposed.
Judges 14:14. Riddle put forth.
. Wife""s deceit.
Judges 14:18 -. Riddle solved.
-
, Judges 14:18. Wife""s deceit.
Judges 14:19. Conditions fulfilled.
Judges 14:20. Wife and companions.


. SLAUGHTER, IN LIFE.
. First slaughter.
. Second slaughter.


. FIRST SLAUGHTER.
. Wife refused.
. Retribution. Burning.
Judges 15:6. Wife burnt.
-. Retribution. Slaughter.


- . SECOND SLAUGHTER.
-
, . Expected retaliation.
Judges 15:17. Meaning of place. Ramath-lehi .
-. Expected retaliation.
-
, Judges 15:19. Meaning of place. En-hakkore.

- . EXPECTED RETALIATION.
-
, Judges 15:8. Etam. Samson there.
Judges 15:9. Philistines. Camp at Lehi.
. Etham. Mission to Samson.
. Philistines. Slaughter at Lehi.


. HARLOTS.
. In Gaza.
. In Sorek.


. IN GAZA.
Judges 16:1. Samson. Harlot of Gaza.
Judges 16:2 -. Information given.
-
, Judges 16:2. Expectation roused.
Judges 16:3. Samson. Gates of Gaza.
. IN SOREK.
Judges 16:4. Samson. Gaza to Sorek.
Judges 16:5. Delilah""s bride.
. Delilah""s snares.
-. Samson. Sorek to Gaza.


. DELILAH""S SNARES.
. Delilah""s attempts. Failure.
. Delilah""s attempts. Success.


. DELILAH""S FAILURE.
Judges 16:6. Binding.
Judges 16:7. Means. Green withs.
Judges 16:8. Used.
Judges 16:9. Broken.
Judges 16:10. Binding.
Judges 16:11. Means. New rope.
Judges 16:12 -. Used.
-
, Judges 16:12. Broken.
Judges 16:13 -. Binding.
-
, Judges 16:13. Means. Web. and pin.
Judges 16:14 -. Used.
-
, Judges 16:14. Carried away.


. DELILAH""S SUCCESS.
, . Strength. Secret given.
Judges 16:19. Sleeping.
Judges 16:20 -. Walking.
-
, Judges 16:20. Strength. Secret gone.
Judges 16:10. Binding.


. SLAUGHTER IN DEATH.
Judges 16:21 -. Servitude.
-
, Judges 16:21. Prison-house. Labour.
Judges 16:22. Hair growing.
. Festival.
. Sport.
Judges 16:28. Strength restored.
. Prison-house. Destroyed.
Judges 16:31 -. Burial.


Judges 17:1 - Judges 18:31. ISRAEL AND OTHER PEOPLES.
Judges 17:1 - Judges 18:1. The Idolatry of Micah.
. Aggression of Danites.


Judges 17:1 - Judges 18:31. IDOLATRY OF MICAH.
. Micah""s house. Fabrication of image.
Judges 17:5. Consecration of his son.
Judges 17:6. "No king".
. Micah""s house. Arrival of Levite.
. Consecration of Levite.
Judges 18:1 -. "No king".


. AFFRESSION OF DANITIES.
-
, Judges 18:1. Danites. Inheritance.
. Mission of spies.
. Security of Laish.
. Expedition. of Danites.
. Conquest of Laish.
. Danites. Idolatry.


. EXPEDITION OF DANITES.


Judges 19:1 - Judges 21:25. INTERNAL DISORDER.
Judges 19:1 -. "No king".
. The Provocation.
Judges 19:29 - Judges 20:11. Resentment.
. The civil war.
Judges 20:47 - Judges 21:24. The regret.
Judges 21:25. "No king".


. THE PROVOCATION.
. At father-in-law""s house.
. Journey.
. At old man


Judges 19:29 - Judges 20:11. RESENTMENT.
. Message to tribes.
. Unanimity.
. Recital to tribes.
. Unanimity.


. THE CIVIL WAR.
. Negotiations.
. Army of Benjamites.
Judges 20:17. Army of Israelites.
. Hostilities.


. NEGOTIATIONS.
Judges 20:12. Expostulation.
Judges 20:13 -. Requistion.
-
, Judges 20:13. Refusal.
Judges 20:14. Preparation.


. HOSTILITIES.
. Unsuccessful.
. Successful.


. SUCCESSFUL.
. Promise.
. Fulfillment.