Lectionary Calendar
Friday, April 19th, 2024
the Third Week after Easter
Attention!
StudyLight.org has pledged to help build churches in Uganda. Help us with that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries
Judges 3

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Verse 2

children = sons.

Verse 3

five lords. See note on Joshua 13:2-6 .

entering in = pass.

Verse 5

dwelt among. Not the Canaanites dwelling in Israel, but Israel dwelling among the Canaanites, who were to be exterminated. Exodus 3:8 , Exodus 3:17 ; Exodus 23:23-28 . Deuteronomy 7:1-5 .

Verse 6

took their daughters , contrary to Jehovah's express command. Exodus 34:16 . Deuteronomy 7:3 .

Verse 7

evil. Hebrew "the evil"; i.e. the special evil (idolatry) which had been forbidden as such. See App-44 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

the groves = Asherim. App-42 . See note on Exodus 34:13 .

Verse 8

sold. Compare Judges 2:14 . Jdg 2:14490 years since Abraham left Mesopotamia.

Verse 9

deliverer = saviour.

delivered = saved. Compare Luke 1:68-70 .

Othniel. Compare Joshua 15:16 , Joshua 15:17 .

Verse 10

the Spirit of the LORD. Of Jehovah, App-4 . not Elohim. The spirit (Hebrew. ruach, App-9 ) of Jehovah bestowing gifts rather than power or might (Genesis 1:2 ). Compare Isaiah 11:2 ; Isaiah 61:1 .

Verse 11

had rest. Repeated four times: Judges 3:11 , Judges 3:30 ; Judges 5:31 ; Judges 8:20 , to prevent the periods of rest and servitude being "telescoped". See App-50 . Introduction.

Verse 13

Amalek. See note on Exodus 17:16 .

palm trees. Compare Deuteronomy 34:3 .

Verse 16

cubit. Occurs only here = a cut. Septuagint spithame, a dirk, about 9 inches long.

Verse 17

present = admittance-offering. Hebrew. korban. App-43 .

Verse 18

offer = bring near. Heb karab. App-43 .

Verse 19

quarries = graven images. So Septuagint, Vulgate, and Targum, here and Judges 3:26 . Hebrew. pesilim. Deuteronomy 7:5 , Deuteronomy 7:25 ; Deu 12:3 . 2 Kings 17:41 .Psalms 78:53 , &c.

that were by Gilgal. Hebrew the same [as] at Gilgah.

errand. Hebrew word. See note on "message", Judges 3:20 .

Verse 20

summer parlour. Cooling room. Occurs only here and Judges 3:24 .

message = word; put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject) for what is meant by it: here it is the "errand" of Judges 3:19 .

God = Elohim. App-4 . The Creator to the creature; not Jehovah (the Covenant God) to His servant.

seat = throne.

Verse 21

his left hand. Note the seven weak things in this book, illustrating 1 Corinthians 1:27 . 2 Corinthians 12:9 , left hand (Judges 3:21 ); ox goad (Judges 3:31 ); a woman (Judges 4:4 ); a nail (Judges 4:21 ); piece of a millstone (9, 53); pitcher and trumpet (Judges 7:20 ); jawbone of an ass (Judges 15:16 ). So in later times. Luther (a miner's son), Calvin (a cooper's son), Zwingle (a shepherd's son), Melancthon (an armourer's son), John Knox (a plain burgess's son).

Verse 22

haft = handle. Hebrew. nizzab, occurs only here.

Verse 24

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 . covereth his feet. Figure of speech Euphemism for act performed while stooping, and causing feet to be covered.

Verse 25

a key = the key.

Verse 26

passed = he passed.

beyond = by.

quarries = the graven images of Ehud. Compare Judges 3:19 .

Verse 27

the mount = the hill country.

Verse 30

years. The Septuagint adds "until he died".

Verse 31

Shamgar. Compare Judges 5:6-8 .

an ox goad. See note on Judges 3:21 . No weapons. Compare Jdg 5:8 . 1 Samuel 13:19-22 .

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Judges 3". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/judges-3.html. 1909-1922.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile