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Forasmuch as = Since, as is well known indeed. Greek. epeideper. Occurs only here in N.T.
have in hand. Implying previous non = success (Acts 19:13 ). Elsewhere only in Acts 9:29 . A medical word. Compare Colossians 4:14 .
to set forth in order = to draw up.
a declaration = a narrative. Greek. diegesis. Occurs only here in N.T., used by Galen of a medical treatise.
of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 1:5 , Luke 1:27 , Luke 1:35 , Luk 5:61 .
things = matters, or facts.
which are most surely believed = which have been fully accomplished; i.e. in fulfilment of prophetic announcement. among. Greek. en. App-104 . As in verses: Luke 1:25 , Luke 1:28 , Luke 1:42
from . Greek apo. App-104 .
from the beginning . Greek. ap' arches; i.e. from the birth or ministry of the Lord. Compare John 15:27 . Acts 1:1 , Acts 1:21 , Acts 1:22 .
were = became.
eyewitnesses. Greek autoptai. Occurs only here. Not the same word as in 2 Peter 1:16 . A medical word (Colossians 4:14 ). Compare our autopsy.
ministers = attendants. A technical word, often translated "officer".
having had perfect understanding = having followed up accurately.
all. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version omitted this "all".
from the very first = from above. Greek. anothen. As in Matthew 27:51 (the top, Mark 15:38 ). John 3:3 , John 3:7 (again), John 3:31 (from above); Luke 19:11 , Luke 19:23 .James 1:17 ; James 3:1 , James 3:17 . It may mean from the beginning, as in Acts 26:5 , but there is no need to introduce that meaning here, as it is already in Luke 1:2 . Moreover, havingunderstood them "from above", he necessarily understood them from the very beginning, as well as perfectly, or accurately. The greater includes the less.
in order = with method. most excellent. A title of social degree, not of moral quality. See Acts 23:26 ; Acts 26:25 .
Theophilus. A common Roman name = beloved of God.
That = in order that.
mightest know = get to have full knowledge. Greek. epiginosko.) App-132 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 1:18 , Luke 1:34 .
things = words.
wherein = concerning (Greek. peri. App-104 .) which.
thou hast been instructed = thou wast [orally]
taught. Greek. katecheo. See Acts 18:25 . 1 Corinthians 14:19 . Galatians 1:6 , Galatians 1:6 .
There was = There came to be. A Hebraism, Compare Luke 1:8 , and see on Luke 2:1 .
in . Greek en. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 1:15 , Luke 1:20 , Luke 1:44-47 .
in the days . A Hebraism. See Matthew 2:1 . Compare Esther 1:1 .
Herod. See App-109 .
the king. This title had been conferred by the Roman Senate on the recommendation of Antony and Octavius.
of = out of. Greek. ek, App-104 .
Abia is named in 1 Chronicles 24:10 , and Nehemiah 12:17 . Out of the four who returned from Babylon twenty-four courses were formed (by lot) with the original names. See App-179 .
the daughters of Aaron . The female descendants of Aaron always married priests
Elisabeth. Aaron's wife, Elisheba (Exodus 6:23 )is spelled Elizabeth in the Septuagint.
before. The Texts read enantion, not enopion (= in the presence of, as Luke 1:19 ). Both are found in the Papyri in this sense.
God . App-98 .
ordinances = legal requirements. Greek. Plural of dlkaioma, which should always be so rendered in its other nine occurrences (Romans 1:32 ; Romans 2:26
; Luke 5:16 , Luke 5:18 ; Luke 8:4 ; Hebrews 9:1 , Hebrews 9:10 ; Revelation 15:4 ; Revelation 19:8 ). Compare Numbers 36:13 . Sometimes rendered "judgments" (Exodus 21:1 ; Exodus 24:3 ), where LXX has dikaioma.
the LORD. Must here and elsewhere be often rendered Jehovah. See App-98 . A. b.
no. Greek. ou. App-106 .
child. Greek. teknon. See App-108 .
because that = inasmuch as.
well stricken = advanced.
it came to pass. A Hebraism. See note on Luke 1:5 .
while he executed, &c. = in (Greek. en. App-104 .) executing. Greek. hierateuo, to act as a priest. Not peculiar to Biblical Greek, but found often in the Papyri.
According to . Greek. kata. App-104 .
his lot was = it fell to him by lot.
to burn incense. Greek. thumiao. Occurs only here in N.T. incense. The first recorded use of incense by man began in disobedience (Numbers 16:6 ), and the last ended in unbelief (Luke 1:20 ),
when he went = going.
into. Greek eis. App-104 .
the Temple = The Naos, or Shrine; i.e. "the Holy Place". Not
hieron (the Temple courts). See note on Matthew 23:1 , Matthew 23:8 .
praying. See App-134 .
at the time = at the hour. This was the signal.
appeared. App-106 . an angel. For the frequent references to angels in Luke, see Luke 1:26 ; Luke 2:9 , Luke 2:13 , Luke 2:21 ; Luke 12:8 ; Luke 15:10 ; Luke 16:22 ; Luke 22:43 ; Luke 24:4 , Luke 24:23 . Also frequently in Acts.
on = at. Greek ek. App-104 .
the right side = the propitious side. Compare Matthew 25:33 .Mark 16:5 .John 21:6 .
the altar of incense . See Exodus 30:1-10 ; Exodus 37:25-28 . 1 Kings 7:48
saw. Greek. eidon. App-138 .
upon . Greek. epi. App-104 . As in Luke 1:35 . Not the same word as in Luke 1:58 .
unto = to. Greek. pros. App-104 . Not the same word as in Luke 1:26 .
not. Greek. me. App-105 . As in verses: Luke 1:20 , Luke 1:30 , not as in verses: Luke 1:20 , Luke 1:22 , Luke 1:34 .
for = because.
prayer = a definite petition.
is heard = was heard: i.e. not now, or recently. Evidently the prayer for offspring, which was now no longer offered.
bear thee = bring forth to thee.
John = Jehovah sheweth favour.
joy and gladness. Figure of speech Hendiadys ( App-6 ) = joy, yea exultant joy.
at = upon[the occasion of]. Greek. epi. App-104 ., as in Luke 1:29 .
birth = bringing forth. Greek gennao, used of the mother. See note on Matthew 1:2 .
in the sight of = before.
See note on "before", Luke 1:6 .
shall drink neither = shallin no wise (Greek. ou me. App-105 .) drink,
strong drink . Greek. sikera, any intoxicating drink not from grapes.
shall be filled. Verbs of filling take the Genitive of what the person or vessel is filled with. See App-101 . note. Here pneuma hagion is in the Genitive case.
the Holy Ghost = holy spirit. Greek pneuma hagion, or "power from on high". See App-101 .
from. Greek ek. App-104 . i.e. before birth. Compare Luke 1:44 .
children = sons. See App-108 .
to = towards. Greek. epi. App-104 .
Lord . Greek. kurios. App-98 .
go = goforth.
the spirit and power. Figure of speech Hendiadys ( App-6 ) = the
spirit = yea, the powerful spirit (Malachi 4:5 ).
Elias = Elijah.
to turn, &c. Reference to Malachi 3:1 with Malachi 4:5 , Malachi 4:6 .
See App-107 .
disobedient = unbelieving. to = in. Greek. en. App-104 .
wisdom . Greek. phronesis (not sophia) = understanding. Occurs only here, and Ephesians 1:8 = the product of Sophia. See notes on Job 28:28 ; Job 40:4 .
Whereby = According to (Greek. kata, as in Luke 1:9 ) what [sign].
know = get to know. Greek. ginosko. App-182 .
for I am an old man. To Zechariah the promise seemed to come too late; to Mary (Luke 1:34 )too early.
answering said. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41 .
Gabriel = the mighty man of God. The messanger of the restoration (Luke 1:26 ; Daniel 8:16 ; Daniel 9:21 ), as Michael is the messanger of Israel's delieverance from judgement (Daniel 10:13 , Daniel 10:21 ; Daniel 12:1 .Jude 1:9 ; and Revelation 12:7 ). Probably two of the seven angels of Revelation 1:4 ; Revelation 3:1 ; Revelation 4:5 ; Revelation 5:6 ; Revelation 8:2 , Revelation 8:6 ; Revelation 15:1 , Revelation 15:6 , Revelation 15:7 , Revelation 15:8 ; Revelation 16:1 ; Revelation 17:1 ; Revelation 21:9 .
in the presence. Same as "before", Luke 1:6 .
am = was
shew = announce.
behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
thou shalt be dumb . The finite Verb and Participle denote continuous silence.
be performed = come to pass.
believest not = didst not believe. App-150 . Note the Negative.
not . Greek. ou. App-105 .
which = which are of a kind which. Greek. hoitines, denoting a class, or kind of words.
in = up to. Greek eis. App-104 . Marking the process continuing up to the end.
waited for = were looking for. The finite Verb and Participle denoting protracted waiting.
marvelled . Because such waiting was usually short.
speak : i.e. pronounce the usual blessing (Numbers 6:24 ).
perceived = clearly perceived, or recognised. Greek. epiginosko. App-132 .
had seen. Greek. horao. App-133 .
beckoned = kept making signs.
days = week.
ministration = public service. Greek leitourgia. Hence Eng. "liturgy".
to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104 .
after . Greek. meta. App-104 .
conceived . Greek. sullambano. A medical word, used in this sense in Luke and in James 1:15 . See App-179 .
hid = completely secluded. Probably to avoid all possibility of uncleanness, as in Judges 13:4 , Judges 13:5 , Judges 13:7 , = Jdg 13:1214 . Occurs only here in N.T.
saying = saying that (Greek. hoti); giving the words.
looked on . Greek. epeidon. App-133 . Occurs only in Luke here, and Acts 4:29 .
to take away my reproach. Compare Genesis 30:23 . 1 Samuel 1:6-10 . Hosea 9:14 . Contrast Luke 23:29 .
the sixth month . After the vision of Zachariah.
This (Compare Luke 1:36 ) is the passage which gives John's age as six months older than the Lord's. See App-179 .
from . Greek. hupo. App-104 .
unto . Greek. eis. App-104 . Galilee. One of the four Roman divisions of Palestine, comprising Zebulun, Naphtali, and Asher. Compare Matthew 4:13 .
Nazareth. Now enNazirah.
Aram . See App-94 . See on Matthew 2:23 .
To . Greek. pros. App-104 .
virgin. This settles the meaning of the Hebrew `almah in Isaiah 7:14 . There is no question about the Greek parthenos.
espoused = betrothed. A year before marriage. See Matthew 1:18 .
man = husband. Greek. aner. App-123 .
Mary = the Hebrew Miriam. Exodus 15:20 . See App-100 .
Hail. See note on Matthew 26:49
thou that art highly favoured = [thou] having been graced [by God] = endued with grace. Occurs only here, and Ephesians 1:6 = accepted through grace. "Grace" does not occur in Matthew or Mark.
with = in association with. Greek. meta. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luk 30:37 , Luk 30:51 , Luk 30:56 .
blessed . . . women. Omitted by T [Tr. ] A WH R. Probably brought here from Luke 1:42 , where it is unquestioned.
when she saw him. Omitted by all
the texts. cast in her mind = beganto reason, or was reasoning. Imperfect Tense.
found. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6 , for "received".
favour = grace: which is favourthe unworthy, as patience is favour to the obstinate, as mercy is favour to the miserable, as pity is favour to the poor, &c.
with = from. Greek. para. App-104 .
thou shalt conceive : i.e. forthwith conceive. The Tense marks a future action, the beginning of which in relation to future time is past, but the consequences of which still continue.
and . Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton in verses: Luk 31:32 , emphasizing each detail. Note the four statements of the angel, combining the four key = texts of the four Gospels shown in the Inter-relation of the Four Gospels:
Thou shalt . . . bring forth a Son: "Behold the Man".
Thou shalt call His name Jesus: " Behold My Servant".
He shall be great . . . the Son of the Highest (Luke 1:32 )
: " Behold your God".
He shall reign, &c. (Luke 1:33 )
: " Behold thy King".
JESUS. See note on Matthew 1:21 and App-48 and App-98 . X.
He shall be great , &c. Marks the break in the Dispensations, verses: Luke 1:32 , Luke 1:33 being yet future.
the Highest = the Most High. Greek hupsiatos. Occurs seven times in Luke (Luke 1:32 , Luke 1:35 , Luke 1:76 ; Luke 2:14 (plural); Luke 6:35 ; Luke 8:28 ; Luke 19:38 (plural); and twice in Acts (Luke 7:48 ; Luke 16:17 ). Else. where, only four times (Matthew 21:9 (plural) Mark 5:7 ; Mark 11:10 (plural); and Hebrews 7:1 ).
over. Greek. epi. App-104 .
Jacob. Put for all the natural seed of the twelve tribes.
for = unto. Greek eis. App-104 .
for ever = unto the ages. See App-151 . More Reading, see Psalms 45:6 . Daniel 7:13 , Daniel 7:14 , Daniel 7:27 . Mic 4:7 . 1 Corinthians 15:24-26 . Hebrews 1:8 . Revelation 11:16 .
seeing , &c. = since, &c. Mary's answer shows how she understood the angel's promise. She does not question the fact, as Zacharias did (Luke 1:18 ), but only inquires as to the mode. To Mary the promise seems too early, to Zacharias too late.
know = come to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132 .
shall overshadow. Compare Exodus 33:22 .Mark 9:7 .
therefore = wherefore.
that holy Thing. See Heb 7:26 . 1 Peter 2:22 , and note on Matthew 27:4 .
the Son of God = God's Son. App-98 .
cousin = kinswoman.
she hath also conceived = she also hath conceived.
nothing = not (Greek. ou. App-105 ) any word. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32 .
Behold . Greek idou. App-133 .
handmaid = bondmaid.
word. See note on Luke 1:37 . Same word.
entered. A detail, to emphasize the fact, by which she recognized the truth of the sign of Luke 1:36 .
leaped. Greek. skirtao. Only used in N.T. here, Luke 1:44 , and Luke 6:23 . Compare Genesis 25:22 . Septuagint has the same word.
spake out = cried out. Greek. anaphoneo . Occurs only here. A medical word. See Colossians 4:14 .
to. Greek. pros. App-104 .
lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
sounded in = came into.
for joy = in (Greek. en. App-104 .) exultation.
blessed = happy. Not the same word as in Luke 1:42 .
performance = fulfilment. from. Greek para. App-104 .
Mary. From a common practice of transcribers in replacing a pronoun by the corresponding proper noun, or name, some have thought that this hymn is a continuation of Elisabeth's words. And the Structure favours this idea. But there is no MS. evidence for it.
My soul = Imyself. For emphasis. See App-110 .
my spirit. See App-101 .
rejoiced = exulted.
in. Greek. epi. App-104 .
God my Saviour. Note the Article = the God [Who is] the Saviour [of me]. See Septuagint Deu 82:15 .Psalms 24:6; Psalms 24:6
; Luk 25:5 ; Luk 95:1 .
regarded = looked (Greek. epiblepo. App-133 .)
upon (Greek. epi. App-104 .) See James 2:3 , and compare 1 Samuel 1:11 .Psalms 33:14 ; Psalms 119:132 (Septuagint).
He That is mighty = the Mighty One.
His name. See note on Psalms 20:1 .
mercy = pity. Greek. eleos. See verses: Luke 1:54 , Luke 1:58 , Luke 1:72 , Luk 54:78 . Not the same word as in Luke 1:30 .
fear = reverence.
from generation, &c. = unto (Greek. eis. App-104 .) generations of generations.
with. Greek. en. App-104 .
His arm. Figure of speech Anthrapopatheia. App-6 . Compare Isaiah 52:10 ; Isaiah 59:1 , Isaiah 59:16 .
put down the mighty. Amaziah (2 Kings 14:10 ); Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:16 ); Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 5:20 ); Belshazzar (Daniel 5:23 ; Daniel 5:30 ).
seats = thrones.
them of low degree = the lowly.
holpen = laid hold of [for help], or taken by the hand. Compare Isaiah 41:8 , Isaiah 41:9 .
in remembrance = [in order] to remember.
As = according as.
our fathers. Compare Micah 7:20 . Galatians 1:3 , Galatians 1:16 . Acts 2:39 .
for ever = unto the age. See App-151 . a.
with = in fellowship with. Greek. sun. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 1:28 , Luke 1:30 , Luke 1:37 , Luk 28:39 , Luk 28:61 , Luk 28:66 .
returned = returned back. Greek hupostrepho. Almost peculiar to Luke. Oct:. only in Mark 14:40 . Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:17 . Hebrews 7:1 . outside Luke and Acts.
full time = fulfilled time.
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) throughout the passage verses: Luke 1:57-67 , eighteen "ands".
brought forth. Greek gennao. Correctly rendered here, of the mother. Used of the father it = beget. See note on Matthew 1:2 .
shewed great mercy = magnified His mercy. A Hebraism. Compare Genesis 19:19 . 2 Samuel 22:51 , Septuagint.
upon = with. Greek meta. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 1:12 , Luke 1:35 .
on = in. Greek. en. App-104 . Not the same word as in Luke 1:65 .
on the eighth day. Genesis 17:12 .Leviticus 12:3 .Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:5 .
child . Greek. paidion. App-108 .
they called . Imperf. Tense = were for calling,
after . Greek. epi. App-104 . Not the same word as in Luke 1:24 .
Not so = No. Greek. ouchi. App-105 .
There is = That there is.
of = among. Greek en. App-104 .
that is = who is.
made signs. Imperf. Tense = were consulting him by signs; i.e. while the colloquy was going on,
would = wished to. Greek. thelo. App-102 .
writing table = writing tablet Table was used for tablet in 1611. Used by medical writers in Luke's day.
wrote, saying. A Hebraism. Compare 2 Kings 10:6 .
"John" = the grace of Jehovah, was thus the first written word of that dispensation.
immediately = at once. Greek parachrema. Occurs nineteen times. All in Luke or Acts, except Matthew 21:19 , Matthew 21:20 . A medical word (see Colossians 4:14 ), used thirteen times in connection with disease or healing. Rendered "straightway "in Luke 8:55 .Acts 5:10 .
spake = began to speak. Imperf. Tense.
on = upon. Greek. epi. App-104 .
sayings. Greek. Plural of rhema. See note on Mark 9:32 .
were noised abroad = were talked of.
throughout all = in (Greek. en. App-104 .) the whole.
that heard. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "that had heard".
Blessed . Hence the name "Benedictus" given to Zacharias's prophecy.
God = the God.
visited = lookedon. Not the same word as in Luke 1:48 . See App-133 .
redeemed = wrought a ransom for. Compare Titus 2:14 .
an horn of salvation. A Hebraism. See Psalms 132:17 . 1 Samuel 2:1 , 1 Samuel 2:10 . Ezekiel 29:21 .
His servant David. See Psalms 132:10 .
by = through.
Greek. dia. App-104 .Luke 1:1 .
since the world began = from [the] age i.e. of old. See App-151 .
to = with. Greek meta. App-104 .
The oath, &c. See Genesis 12:3 ; Genesis 17:4 ; Genesis 22:16 , Genesis 22:17 .
out of = from. Greek. ek. App-104 .
hand. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "hands". serve: or worship.
holiness. Toward God. righteousness. Toward men. Compare 1 Thessalonians 2:10 . Ephesians 4:24 .
before . Greek. pro. App-104 .
knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132 .
by = for. Greek. en. App-104 .
Through = On account of. Greek dia. App-104 .Luke 1:2 .
tender mercy = bowels of compassion. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia ( App-6 ).
whereby = in (Greek. en. App-104 .) which.
dayspring . Greek. anatole. Hebrew. zemach = branch (see page 1304), is rendered anatole in Jeremiah 23:6 and Zechariah 3:8 , because of its springing up. Both meanings (branch and light) are here combined. Compare Ezekiel 16:7 ; Ezekiel 17:10 .
on high. Greek. hupsos. Occurs five more times: Luke 24:49 . Ephesians 3:18 ; Ephesians 4:8 . James 1:9 . Revelation 21:16 .
give light to = shine upon.
the shadow of death. A Hebraism. Zalmaveth. Job 10:21 ; Job 38:17 . Psalms 23:4 ; Psalms 107:10 . Isaiah 9:2 .Matthew 4:16 , &c.
guide = direct. Wycliffe has "dress", through the O. French dresser = to arrange, still preserved as an English military term.
waxed strong = grew and was strengthened. spirit. Greek. pneuma. See App-101 .
the deserts. The article. indicating a well-known part.
shewing = public or official inauguration. Greek. anadeixis. Only occurs here. The verb anadeiknumi occurs Luke 10:1 . See note there.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18