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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 120

Verse 1

Title. A Song. Hebrew. shir . See App-65 : viz. one of the Songs promised by Hezekiah in Isaiah 38:20 .

degrees = the degrees, or steps. Hebrew. hamma'aloth (with Art.): i.e. the "degrees" mentioned six times in 2 Kings 20:8-11 , and five times in Isaiah 38:8 (Hebrew) No other "degrees" known to Scripture which are connected with the shadow of the sun. For the origin, authorship, examination, and Structure, see App-67 , and note on p. 827.

distress. The first Psalm of each of the five groups speaks of DISTRESS; the second of TRUST; the third of BLESSING AND PEACE IN ZION. The distress, here, refers to Sennacherib ' s siege of Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:3 .Isaiah 37:3; Isaiah 37:3 ).

cried. See 2 Kings 19:3 , 2 Kings 19:4 , 2Ki 19:14-19 . 2 Chronicles 32:20 . Isaiah 37:15-20 ; Isaiah 38:2 , Isaiah 38:3 . See App-67 .

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

heard = answered.

Verse 2

Deliver = Pluck me. Hebrew. nazal. Same word as in Psalms 119:170 . The reference is to 2 Kings 18:30 , 2 Kings 18:32 .

my soul = me. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

lips. Hebrew = lip: i.e. Rab-shakeh's. The reference is to 2 Kings 18:19-35 ; 2 Kings 19:8-13 . 2 Chronicles 32:10-19 . Isaiah 36:4-20 ; Isaiah 37:8-13 . See App-67 .

tongue. Figure of speech Epistrophe ( App-6 ), with "tongue", Psalms 120:3 .

Verse 3

done = heaped upon: i.e. added to. Compare 1 Samuel 3:17 ; 1 Samuel 20:13 , &c.

Verse 4

mighty = Mighty [One].

Verse 5

Mesech . . . Kedar. Used typically of cruel and merciless peoples; as we use the terms Vandals, Goths, Philistines.

Verse 6

him. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "them".

Verse 7

I = I [even I]; or, I [am all] peace (emphatic).

speak = speak [of peace]. See note on Psalms 109:4 .

they are for war. The reference is to 2 Kings 18:19 . 2 Chronicles 32:2 .Isaiah 36:5 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 120". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/psalms-120.html. 1909-1922.