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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 120

Introduction

1David prays against Doeg;
3reproves his tongue;
5complains of his necessary conversation with the wicked.

Verse 1

In my distress I cried unto the LORD, and he heard me.
(Title
&) A Song of degrees. Bp. Patrick and others suppose this Psalm to have been composed by David, when the calumnies of Doeg and others forced him to flee his country.
121:1; 122:1; 123:1; 124:1; 125:1; 126:1; 127:1; 128:1; 129:1; *titles; 130:1; 131:1; 132:1; 133:1; 134:1; *titles
my distress
18:6; 30:7,8; 50:15; 107:13; 116:3,4; 118:5; Isaiah 37:3,4,14-20; Isaiah 38:2-5; Jonah 2:2; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: Judges 15:19 - Enhakkore; 2 Samuel 22:7 - my distress; 2 Chronicles 14:11 - cried unto; Psalm 6:9 - hath heard

Verse 2

Deliver my soul, O LORD, from lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue.
from lying lips
35:11; 52:2-4; 109:1,2; 140:1-3; Matthew 26:59-62
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:17 - General; Nehemiah 6:10 - Let us meet; Job 15:5 - thou choosest; Psalm 6:4 - deliver; Psalm 52:5 - God; Proverbs 6:17 - lying; Jeremiah 9:3 - they bend; Jeremiah 9:6 - habitation; Matthew 12:34 - how; Mark 12:14 - Master

Verse 3

What shall be given unto thee? or what shall be done unto thee, thou false tongue?
What shall, etc
or, What shall the deceitful tongue give unto thee? or, What shall it profit thee?
Job 27:8; Matthew 16:26; Romans 6:21
done
Heb. added.
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:1 - Jacob; Genesis 39:14 - an Hebrew; Exodus 23:1 - shalt not; Judges 9:20 - let fire come out; Nehemiah 6:10 - Let us meet; Job 15:5 - thou choosest; Psalm 18:13 - coals; Psalm 59:12 - For the; Psalm 109:2 - with; Proverbs 6:17 - lying; Proverbs 10:31 - the froward; Proverbs 19:5 - false; Proverbs 25:18 - General; Isaiah 3:11 - given him; Jeremiah 9:8 - tongue; Jeremiah 23:36 - for every

Verse 4

Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Sharp, etc
or, It is as the sharp arrows of the mighty man, with coals of juniper.
57:4; 59:7; Proverbs 11:9,12,18; 16:27; 18:8,21; James 3:5-8
arrows
7:13; 52:5; 140:9,11; Deuteronomy 32:23,24; Proverbs 12:22; 19:5,9; Revelation 21:8
Reciprocal: Judges 9:20 - let fire come out; 1 Chronicles 1:29 - Kedar; Job 20:26 - a fire; Psalm 18:13 - coals; Psalm 59:12 - For the; Psalm 140:10 - burning coals; Proverbs 10:31 - the froward; Proverbs 25:18 - General; Proverbs 26:21 - General; Song of Solomon 8:6 - the coals; Isaiah 3:11 - given him; Isaiah 5:28 - arrows; Romans 12:20 - coals

Verse 5

Woe is me, that I sojourn in Mesech, that I dwell in the tents of Kedar!
Woe
Jeremiah 9:2,3,6; 15:10; Micah 7:1,2; 2 Peter 2:7,8; Revelation 2:13
Mesech
Genesis 10:2; Ezekiel 27:13
Meshech
the tents.
Genesis 25:13; 1 Samuel 25:1; Song of Solomon 1:5; Isaiah 60:6,7; Jeremiah 49:28,29
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:19 - they have driven; Psalm 35:20 - For; Proverbs 21:19 - better; Isaiah 21:16 - Kedar; Isaiah 42:11 - Kedar; Jeremiah 2:10 - the isles; Jeremiah 4:31 - Woe; Jeremiah 45:3 - Woe; Habakkuk 1:3 - General; Romans 12:18 - General

Verse 6

My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace.
soul
57:4; 1 Samuel 20:30-33; Ezekiel 2:6; Matthew 10:16,36; Titus 3:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 55:20 - at peace; Proverbs 21:19 - better; Jeremiah 15:10 - a man; Micah 2:8 - securely; Habakkuk 1:3 - General; Matthew 5:9 - are; Hebrews 12:14 - Follow; 1 Peter 3:11 - seek

Verse 7

I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.
for peace
or, a man of peace.
34:14; 35:20; 55:20; 2 Samuel 20:19; Matthew 5:9; Romans 12:18; Ephesians 2:14-17; Hebrews 12:14
when
1 Samuel 24:9-11; 26:2-4 Reciprocal: Genesis 13:9 - if thou wilt; Numbers 20:20 - Thou shalt; Deuteronomy 2:32 - General; Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries; Judges 11:14 - again unto; Psalm 68:30 - delight; Psalm 140:2 - continually; Micah 2:8 - securely; 1 Peter 3:11 - seek

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 120". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-120.html.