Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day.

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 39

Verse 1

Title. A Psalm = Mizmor. See App-65 .

of David = by David, and relating to the true David. The Psalm is a continuation of the subject of this last group of four Psalms. Psalms 39:2 :9 link it on to Psalms 38:13 ; and Psalms 39:1 to Psalms 38:17 . See note on Title of Psalms 38:1 .

I said = I formed this resolution (Psalms 38:7 ).

take heed = observe, keep, or guard.

sin. Hebrew. chata'. App-44 .

keep: same as "take heed to", above. Septuagint and Vulgate read "I did put".

a bridle = a muzzle.

the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .

Verse 2

dumb: as if tongue-tied.

good. Perhaps the Ellipsis ( App-6 ) may be supplied "from good [words]". See P.B.V.

Verse 4

frail = short lived.

Verse 5

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

age = lifetime. Hebrew. heled. See note on "world" (Psalms 49:1 ).

at his best state = though standing fast, or firmly established.

altogether vanity = only all vanity. Some codices, with Syriac, omit "all".

Selah. Connecting the vanity of Psalms 39:5 with the expansion and explanation of it in Psalms 39:6 . See App-66 .

Verse 6

every man. Hebrew. 'Ish . App-14 .

walketh: i.e. walketh to and fro, or habitually.

in a vain shew = only in a mere form. Hebrew. ze lem. Occurs thirty-three times. Always rendered image, except here and Daniel 3:19 ("form").

Verse 7

LORD*. The primitive text read "Jehovah". This is one of the 134 places where the Sopherim altered Jehovah to "Adonai". See App-32 .

is = "it [is]"

Verse 8

transgressions. Hebrew. pasha'.

the foolish = a foolish one.

Verse 10

blow = pressure.

hand. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .

Verse 11

man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 . See note on "moth", below.

moth. Hebrew. 'ash. Forming the Figure of speech Paronomasia ( App-6 ), connecting man (' ish) with a moth ( 'ash ).

Selah. Connecting human vanity with an abiding reality and a divinely provided resource prayer, and hope in Jehovah. See App-66 .

Verse 13

recover strength = be comforted. Hebrew "brighten up".

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 39". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.