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Title. A Psalm = Mizmor. See App-65 .
of David = by David, and relating to the true David. The Psalm is a continuation of the subject of this last group of four Psalms. Psalms 39:2 :9 link it on to Psalms 38:13 ; and Psalms 39:1 to Psalms 38:17 . See note on Title of Psalms 38:1 .
I said = I formed this resolution (Psalms 38:7 ).
take heed = observe, keep, or guard.
sin. Hebrew. chata'. App-44 .
keep: same as "take heed to", above. Septuagint and Vulgate read "I did put".
a bridle = a muzzle.
the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .
dumb: as if tongue-tied.
good. Perhaps the Ellipsis ( App-6 ) may be supplied "from good [words]". See P.B.V.
frail = short lived.
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
age = lifetime. Hebrew. heled. See note on "world" (Psalms 49:1 ).
at his best state = though standing fast, or firmly established.
altogether vanity = only all vanity. Some codices, with Syriac, omit "all".
Selah. Connecting the vanity of Psalms 39:5 with the expansion and explanation of it in Psalms 39:6 . See App-66 .
every man. Hebrew. 'Ish . App-14 .
walketh: i.e. walketh to and fro, or habitually.
in a vain shew = only in a mere form. Hebrew. ze lem. Occurs thirty-three times. Always rendered image, except here and Daniel 3:19 ("form").
LORD*. The primitive text read "Jehovah". This is one of the 134 places where the Sopherim altered Jehovah to "Adonai". See App-32 .
is = "it [is]"
transgressions. Hebrew. pasha'.
the foolish = a foolish one.
blow = pressure.
hand. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .
man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 . See note on "moth", below.
moth. Hebrew. 'ash. Forming the Figure of speech Paronomasia ( App-6 ), connecting man (' ish) with a moth ( 'ash ).
Selah. Connecting human vanity with an abiding reality and a divinely provided resource prayer, and hope in Jehovah. See App-66 .
recover strength = be comforted. Hebrew "brighten up".
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 39". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent