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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 39

Introduction

1David's care of this thoughts.
4The consideration of the brevity and vanity of life;
7the reverence of God's judgments,
10and prayer, are his bridles of impatience.

Verse 1

I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.
A. M. 2970. B.C. 1034. (Title.) Jeduthun. Jeduthun, probably the same as Ethan, 1 Ch 6:44, was one of the sons of Merari, and is supposed to have been one the four masters of music, or leaders of bands, belonging to the temple service. It is therefore probable that David, having composed this Psalm, gave it to Jeduthun and his company to sing; and it is very likely, that it was written on the same occasion as the preceding
62:1; 77:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 16:41; 25:1-6
I said
119:9; 1 Kings 2:4; 2 Kings 10:31; Proverbs 4:26,27; Hebrews 2:1
that I
12:4; 73:8,9; 141:3; Proverbs 18:21; 21:23
my mouth, etc
Heb. a bridle, or muzzle, for my mouth.
James 1:26; 3:2-8
while
Amos 5:13; Micah 7:5,6; Colossians 4:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:13 - be circumspect; 2 Kings 18:36 - held their peace; Job 2:10 - In all this; Job 6:24 - I will; Job 22:3 - thou makest; Psalm 17:3 - I am; Psalm 34:13 - Keep; Psalm 101:3 - set; Psalm 106:33 - he spake; Proverbs 10:19 - but; Proverbs 13:3 - General; Isaiah 36:21 - General; Mark 14:61 - he held; Luke 23:9 - but; John 8:6 - as though; James 3:3 - General; 1 John 5:18 - keepeth

Verse 2

I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred.
I was
38:13,14; Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 27:12-14
even
Matthew 7:6
my sorrow
Job 32:19,20; Acts 4:20
stirred
Heb. troubled.
Reciprocal: Job 3:1 - opened; Job 6:24 - I will; Job 20:2 - my thoughts; Ecclesiastes 3:7 - time to keep; Jeremiah 8:14 - be silent; Mark 14:61 - he held; Luke 23:9 - but; Acts 8:32 - opened; James 1:26 - bridleth

Verse 3

My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue,
Jeremiah 20:9; Ezekiel 3:14; Luke 24:32
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:26 - yearned; Job 3:1 - opened; Job 7:11 - I will not; Job 20:2 - my thoughts; Job 32:18 - the spirit; Job 40:9 - canst

Verse 4

LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am.
make
90:12; 119:84; Job 14:13
how frail I am
or, what time I have here.
Reciprocal: Job 7:1 - Is there; Job 14:5 - his days; 1 Corinthians 7:29 - the time

Verse 5

Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah.
Behold
90:4,5,9,10; Genesis 47:9; Job 7:6; 9:25,26; 14:1,2; James 4:14
as nothing
89:47; 2 Peter 3:8
verily
11; 62:9; 144:4; Ecclesiastes 1:2; 2:11; Isaiah 40:17
at his best state
Heb. settled.
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 19:34 - How long have I to live; Job 4:21 - excellency; Job 6:11 - What; Job 7:3 - months of; Job 8:9 - we are but; Job 10:20 - my days few; Job 20:22 - the fulness; Psalm 49:12 - in honour; Psalm 102:11 - My days; Psalm 119:84 - How; Psalm 119:96 - I have seen; Psalm 127:2 - vain; Ecclesiastes 1:14 - General; Ecclesiastes 3:19 - for; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - the days of his vain life; Ecclesiastes 8:13 - as a; Ecclesiastes 9:9 - all the days of the life; Ecclesiastes 11:10 - for; Isaiah 40:30 - General

Verse 6

Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.
a vain shew
Heb. an image. There is but the semblance of being: he appeareth for a little, and then vanisheth.
1 Corinthians 7:31; James 4:14
surely
Ecclesiastes 1:14; 2:17,18,20,21; 4:7,8; 6:11,12; 12:8,13; Isaiah 55:2; Luke 10:40-42; 12:20,21,29; 1 Peter 5:7
he heapeth
49:10,11; Job 27:16,17; Proverbs 13:22; 23:5; 27:24; Ecclesiastes 2:8,18-21,26; Ecclesiastes 5:14; Luke 12:20,21; James 5:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 8:13 - General; Joshua 8:2 - only the spoil; 2 Samuel 19:34 - How long have I to live; 1 Kings 14:26 - he took away; Esther 8:1 - give the house; Job 14:21 - he knoweth it not; Psalm 4:6 - many; Psalm 17:14 - leave; Psalm 62:10 - riches; Psalm 73:16 - too painful for me; Psalm 73:20 - their; Psalm 89:47 - Remember; Psalm 102:11 - My days; Psalm 114:4 - General; Psalm 119:96 - I have seen; Psalm 127:2 - vain; Psalm 144:4 - Man; Ecclesiastes 1:2 - General; Ecclesiastes 3:19 - for; Ecclesiastes 6:2 - but; Ecclesiastes 6:10 - and it; Ecclesiastes 7:15 - have I; Daniel 11:4 - and shall be; Habakkuk 2:13 - is it; Matthew 6:19 - General; Matthew 6:27 - by; Matthew 13:45 - seeking; Matthew 15:9 - in; Luke 12:26 - why; 1 Peter 1:18 - vain; 1 John 2:17 - the world

Verse 7

And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in thee.
what wait
130:5,6; Genesis 49:18; Luke 2:25
hope
38:15; 119:81,166; Job 13:15; Romans 15:13
Reciprocal: Psalm 62:5 - my; Psalm 69:3 - I wait; Psalm 71:5 - For thou; Psalm 146:5 - whose; Proverbs 11:23 - desire; Ecclesiastes 2:20 - General; Isaiah 8:17 - I will; Lamentations 3:25 - good; Matthew 13:45 - seeking

Verse 8

Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish.
Deliver
25:11,18; 51:7-10,14; 65:3; 130:8; Micah 7:19; Matthew 1:21; Titus 2:14
make
35:21; 44:13; 57:3; 79:4; 119:39; 2 Samuel 16:7,8; Joel 2:17,19; Romans 2:23,24
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 11:21 - Thy servant; Psalm 74:18 - the foolish; Psalm 119:22 - Remove; Proverbs 11:23 - desire; Jeremiah 31:18 - Thou hast

Verse 9

I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it.
38:13; Leviticus 10:3; 1 Samuel 3:18; 2 Samuel 16:10; Job 1:21; 2:10; 40:4,5; Daniel 4:35
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:5 - held; Leviticus 26:41 - and they; Ruth 1:13 - the hand; 2 Samuel 12:20 - arose; 2 Samuel 15:26 - let; 2 Kings 4:26 - It is well; 2 Kings 20:19 - Good; Job 21:5 - lay your; Isaiah 38:15 - What; Isaiah 39:8 - Good; Jeremiah 10:19 - Truly; Jeremiah 31:18 - Thou hast; Lamentations 3:28 - General; Ezekiel 16:63 - and never; Ezekiel 24:17 - Forbear to cry; Amos 8:3 - with silence; Jonah 4:8 - and wished; Mark 14:61 - he held; Luke 23:9 - but; John 19:11 - Thou; Acts 8:32 - opened

Verse 10

Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand.
Remove
25:16,17; 1 Samuel 6:5; Job 9:34; 13:21
I am consumed
38:3,4
blow
Heb. conflict.
Job 40:8
Reciprocal: Ruth 1:13 - the hand; Job 2:5 - put forth; Job 7:16 - let me alone; Job 36:18 - his; Psalm 32:4 - hand; Psalm 38:2 - thy hand; Isaiah 38:13 - as a lion; Isaiah 38:15 - What; Jeremiah 14:17 - with a very; Acts 13:11 - hand

Verse 11

When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
When
38:1-8; 90:7-10; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 11:30-32; Hebrews 12:6; Revelation 3:19
his beauty, etc
Heb. that which is to be desired in him to melt away.
102:10,11; Job 4:19; 13:28; 30:30; Isaiah 50:9; Hosea 5:12
surely
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:3 - This day; Job 4:21 - excellency; Job 7:8 - thine eyes; Job 9:25 - they flee away; Job 22:4 - reprove; Job 33:21 - His flesh; Psalm 32:4 - hand; Psalm 38:2 - thy hand; Psalm 49:14 - their; Psalm 62:9 - Surely; Psalm 80:16 - perish; Acts 13:11 - hand; James 5:2 - your garments

Verse 12

Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were.
hold
56:8; 116:3; 2 Samuel 16:12; *marg:; 2 Kings 20:5; Job 16:20; Hebrews 5:7
for I am
119:19,54; Leviticus 25:23; 1 Chronicles 29:15; 2 Corinthians 5:6; Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 1:17; 2:11
as all
Genesis 47:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:34 - General; Genesis 23:4 - stranger; Genesis 26:3 - Sojourn; Genesis 28:4 - which; Exodus 2:22 - for he said; Exodus 18:3 - Gershom; Psalm 6:6 - I water; Psalm 35:22 - keep; Isaiah 38:5 - I have seen; Mark 9:24 - with

Verse 13

O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.
spare
Job 10:20,21; 14:5,6
be no
Genesis 5:24; 42:36; Job 14:10-12 Reciprocal: Job 4:20 - they perish; Job 7:9 - he; Job 7:16 - let me alone; Job 9:18 - will not; Psalm 102:24 - I said; Jeremiah 15:15 - take

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 39". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-39.html.