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Title. Michtam. App-65 .
when, &c. See 2 Samuel 8:13-14 .
Aram-naharaim, &c. = Mesopotamia or Syria. See 1 Chronicles 18:5 , and note below on "twelve thousand".
twelve thousand. In 2 Samuel 8:13 , and 1 Chronicles 18:12 , it is David's and Abishai's exploit, which was 18,000. Here, it is Joab's exploit, and his share was 12,000, but he took six months longer in finishing up his task (1 Kings 11:15 , 1 Kings 11:16 ). David's 22,000 in 1 Chronicles 18:5 were in a Syrian campaign. See notes on 2 Samuel 8:12 , 2 Samuel 8:13 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
broken = made fissures. Occurs only here.
shewed = suffered . . . to see. astonishment: or confusion, or trembling.
the truth: or [Thy] faithfulness. Hebrew. koshet. Occurs only here in Psalms. Compare Proverbs 22:21 = certainty, or exact, precise truth. (No Art.)
Selah. Connecting the gift, with the great and important object of it. ( App-66 .)
hear = answer.
me. Hebrew text reads "us"; but some codices, with four early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "me".
hath spoken. Verses 6-9 refer to the promise of the possession of the whole of Canaan, confirmed in 2 Samuel 7:10 . David here encourages himself by it.
Shechem . . . Succoth. West and east of Jordan.
Gilead . . . Manasseh. Eastern side.
Ephraim . . . Judah. Western side.
lawgiver. Compare Genesis 49:10 . Numbers 21:18 . Deuteronomy 33:21 .
Moab . . . Edom. Spoken of as the chattels of a conqueror (2 Samuel 8:12-14 ).
washpot = footbath: i.e. an ignominious vessel.
cast out my shoe. Idiom for taking possession.
Philistia. Syriac reads "over Philistia".
the strong city. Probably Sela or Petra, corresponding with Edom (compare 2 Kings 14:7 ). David claims the promise of Numbers 24:18 .
O God. Some codices omit "O God".
help from trouble = succor out of trouble.
help of man = salvation or deliverance of man. Compare "save", Psalms 60:5 .
To the chief Musician. See App-64 .
upon = relating to.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 60". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17