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After. App-104 .
this = these things, as Revelation 1:19 .
looked. App-133 .
behold. App-133 .
was opened. i.e. already opened.
heaven. See Revelation 3:12 .
first. Greek."former". See Revelation 1:10 .
it were. Omit.
things = what things.
be = come to pass.
hereafter = after (Greek. meta, above) these things.
was = became, came to be. See Revelation 1:9 , Revelation 1:10 .
in the Spirit. i.e. in or by the power of the Spirit, as Revelation 1:10 .
Spirit. App-101 .
sat = sitting.
look upon. Compare App-133 .
jasper = jasper stone. According to Pliny, this stone was translucent.
sardine stone = sardius stone. A precious stone from Sardis, red in color.
rainbow. Greek. iris. Only here and Revelation 10:1 . In Genesis 9:13 ; Ezekiel 1:28 , &c, the Septuagint uses toxon, bow, for the Hebrew kesheth.
insight. Same words as "to look upon", above.
unto = to.
emerald. Only here. A kindred word in Revelation 21:19 , and in Exodus 28:18 with Exodus 39:8 (Septuagint)
four and twenty. See App-10 and App-197 .
seats = thrones, as Revelation 4:2 . See Revelation 1:4 .
saw. The texts omit.
elders. Greek. presbuteros. These are evidently heavenly beings, "a pattern" after which David arranged his twenty-four courses of the sons of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:3-5 ).
they had. The texts omit.
crowns of gold. The only other wearer is the Son of Man (Revelation 14:14 ), a fact which proves the exalted station of these "elders".
proceeded = proceed.
seven. See App-197 .
lamps. App-130 . See John 18:3 .
burning. Greek. kaio. See Joh 5:55 .
Spirits. App-101 .
there was . glass. The texts read "as it were a glassy sea".
unto = to.
round about. Greek. kuklo. In Rev. only here and Revelation 7:11 . Occurs: Mark 3:34 .
beasts = living ones, or living creatures (as Hebrews 13:11 , first occurance). Greek. zoon. Occurs twenty times ( App-10 ). Not the word in Revelation 13:0 and Revelation 17:0 . These zoa are the cherubim of Genesis 3:24 .Ezekiel 1:5-14 . Compare Ezekiel 10:20 . They are distinguished from angels (Revelation 5:8 ; Revelation 5:11 ). These zoa speak of creation and of redemption also.
eyes. See Ezekiel 1:8 ; Ezekiel 10:12 .
had = having, as the texts.
man. App-123 .
and they were = are.
Holy, &c. The first of the seventeen ( App-10 ) heavenly utterances in Rev. Here, Revelation 4:8 ; Revelation 4:11 ; Revelation 5:9 , Revelation 5:10 ; Revelation 5:12 ; Revelation 5:13 ; Revelation 5:5 . -14- (Amen); Revelation 7:10 ; Revelation 7:12 ; Revelation 11:15 ; Revelation 11:17 ; Revelation 12:10-12 ; Revelation 14:13 ; Revelation 15:3 ; Revelation 19:1-3 ; Revelation 19:4 ; Revelation 19:5 ; Revelation 19:6 , Revelation 19:7 .
Holy . . . holy. God's holiness proclaimed, prior to judgment. See Psalms 93:0 ; Psalms 97:0 ; Psalms 99:0 , and Isaiah 6:3 . Compare Numbers 6:24-26 .
Almighty. See Revelation 1:8 .
those = the.
give = shall give.
glory. See p. 1511.
That sat = the One sitting.
for ever, &c. App-151 .
fall = shall fall.
worship = shall worship.
cast = shall cast.
O LORD. The texts read "our LORD and our God" ( App-98 .)
glory, honour, power. The texts place article "the" before each.
glory , as Revelation 4:9 .
power. App-172 .1; Rev 176:1 .
hast created = didst create. Greek. ktizo. In Rev. only here and Revelation 10:6 .
pleasure. App-102 .
are. The texts read "were".
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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