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unto = to.
angel . . . church. See Revelation 1:20 .
Sardis. The ancient capital of Lydia. Its commercial activity attracted merchants from all parts of Asia. The remains of a vast temple to Cybele (the "mother of the gods") still exist.
seven Spirits. See Revelation 1:4 .
God. App-98 .
seven, &c. See Revelation 1:20 .
stars. See Revelation 1:16 .
a name, &c. Not suited for this dispensation of grace, for Christ's people now live "in Him". We who were dead are now alive in Christ.
livest. See App-170 .
dead. App-139 .
Be = Become.
watchful. See Matthew 24:42 .
the . . . remain = the remaining (things). App-124 .
are = were, with the texts.
perfect. App-125 .
hold fast. Greek. tereo. Same as "keep" in Revelation 1:3 .
repent. See Revelation 2:5 .
on thee. The texts omit.
as, &c. See Revelation 16:15 . 1Th 5:2 . 2 Peter 3:10 .
know. App-132 . These words are not addressed to the members of the "church which is His body" (Ephesians 1:22 , Ephesians 1:23 ). See 2 Thessalonians 2:1 . 1 Timothy 3:16 . We do not "watch" for the "thief", but "wait" for the Lord.
Thou. The texts read "But thou".
even. The texts omit.
have, &c. = defiled not.
defiled. Greek. moluno. Only here; Rev 14:4 . 1 Corinthians 8:7 . The noun Occurs only in 2 Corinthians 7:1 .
garments. Greek. himation. First of seven occurances: (see App-197 ) in Rev.
worthy. See App-197 .
overcometh. See Revelation 2:7 .
the same. The texts read "thus".
blot out. Occurances: Revelation 7:17 ; Revelation 21:4 (wipe away). Acts 3:19 . Colossians 2:14 .
book, &c. See Philippians 4:3 .
life. App-170 .
but = and.
confess, &c. See Matthew 10:32 .
Father. App-98 .
He, &c. See Revelation 2:7 .
Philadelphia. About thirty miles south-east of Sardis. Very little known of it beyond a few references in Pliny, but the Greek name indicates a Macedonian population.
Holy = The Holy One. See Revelation 4:8 . Compare Hosea 11:9 , &c. The Greek hagios occurs twenty-six times in Rev. See App-197 .
True. App-175 .
key of David. See Isaiah 22:22 .
no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.
behold. App-133 .
set = given.
strength App-172 .1; Rev 176:1 .
hast kept = didst keep. Same word as "hold fast", Revelation 3:3 .
word App-121 .
hast not denied = didst not deny.
My name. In opposition to confessing (See Revelation 2:13 ) the name of the beast, Revelation 13:17 ; Revelation 14:9 , Revelation 14:11 , Revelation 14:12 .
will make = give.
synagogue, &c. See Revelation 2:9 .
Satan. App-19 , and See Revelation 2:9 .
Jews. See Revelation 2:9 .
make. i.e. compel.
worship. Greek. proskuneo. App-137 . Occurs twenty-four times ( App-10 ) in Rev. Twelve times connected with worship of God, eleven times with worship of Satan and the beast, and here.
loved. App-135 .
temptation = trial. Greek. peirasmos. Only occurrence in Rev.
shall = is about to.
world. App-129 .
try = test. Greek. peirazo. Here, and Revelation 2:2 , Revelation 2:10 .
earth. App-129 . Compare Zephaniah 1:14-36.1.18 .
hold . . . fast. Same Greek. word as Revelation 2:1 , Revelation 2:13 , Revelation 2:14 , Revelation 2:15 , Revelation 2:25 , not as Revelation 3:3 .
that = in order that. Greek. hina.
no rnan = no one. Greek. medeis. These words do not relate to such as through grace are perfect "in Him". See Romans 8:38 , Romans 8:39 .
Temple = sanctuary. Greek. naos . See Matthew 23:16 and App-88 .
upon. App-104 .
new Jerusalem. See Revelation 21:2 , Revelation 21:3 , Revelation 21:10 . Compare Psalms 48:1 , Psalms 48:2 , Psalms 48:8 , Psalms 48:9 . Ezekiel 48:35 . See App-88 and App-197 .4.
new, new. Greek. kainos. See Matthew 9:17 .
heaven. See Matthew 6:9 . Occurs fifty-two times in Rev., always in sing, save Revelation 12:12 .
new name. See Revelation 14:1 ; Revelation 22:4 .Isaiah 62:2 ; Isaiah 65:15 . Contrast the name branded on the worshippers of the beast, Revelation 13:16 ; Revelation 14:11 ; Revelation 19:20 ; Revelation 20:4 .
of, &c. = in (Greek. en) Laodicea (an important city of Phrygia, a few miles west of Colosse. Rebuilt by Antiochus II, and named after his wife, Laodice).
the Amen. A Hebrew word transliterated. See 2 Corinthians 1:20 and p. 1511.
faithful. App-150 .
Witness. See p. 1511.
beginning. App-172 . Compare 1 Chronicles 1:15-13.1.19; 1 Chronicles 1:15-13.1.19 .
lukewarm. Greek. chliaros. Only here.
will = am about to.
spue. Greek. emeo. Only here. Occurs: Isaiah 19:14 (Septuagint)
nothing. Greek. oudeis.
knowest. App-132 .
wretched = the wretched one. See Romans 7:24 , and compare Hosea 2:11 ; Hosea 5:15 .
poor. App-127 .
buy. The members of the church of this dispensation have nothing to buy and nothing to pay with; our salvation is the free-grace gift of God.
fire. Compare Haggai 2:8 . Zechariah 13:9 . Malachi 3:3 .
be clothed = clothe thyself.
do not appear = be not ( App-105 ) made manifest ( App-106 ). Compare Revelation 16:15 .
see. App-133 .
love. App-135 . This is preceded by Greek. ean ( App-118 . a). Compare Isaiah 43:4 ; &c.
rebuke = convict. Greek. elencho. See John 16:8 .
stand. Literally have taken my station.
knock. The call to the wedding feast (Revelation 19:9 ), to which the parables pointed, e.g. Luke 12:35-42.12.38 "when He cometh and knocketh". The popular belief that the Lord is ever knocking at the hearts of sinners is a distortion of Scripture akin to blasphemy.
any man. App-123 .
sup, &c. A gracious promise to His servants (See Revelation 1:1 ). See Luke 12:37 .
am set down = sat down. See Acts 2:33 , Acts 2:34 .Ephesians 1:20 , Ephesians 1:21 .Hebrews 1:8 ; Hebrews 8:1 . The Lord now stands (Revelation 1:0 ), and is about to come down in judgment.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 3". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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