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Bible Commentaries
2 Corinthians 10

Smith's Bible CommentarySmith's Commentary

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Verses 1-18

Chapter 10

Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent [I am] bold toward you ( 2 Corinthians 10:1 ):

This is one of the charges that are made. "Hey, when he gets away he can write these terrifying letters, but when he's here, he's just so meek and you know, just so mild mannered and all. But he gets away, and then he writes these terrifying letters to you. But when he's around, he's an ugly little runt." And they were making fun of his appearance.

And according to one of the early books of the Apocrypha written about the year 200, the Acts of Paul it was called, I think it is. It does describe Paul, and it said he was a short little fellow, heavy eyebrows that came together, a hooked nose and sort of bandied bow legs, you know, bow-legged and sort of bandied little knee, knobbing knees and just not much to look at. And that's what they were saying in Corinth. "Hey, this guy's not much to look at but he gets away, man, he becomes dynamic and powerful. With us he's a ninety-seven pound weakling. He's gets away and he's an atlas." And so they were making these kind of accusations against Paul. And so he says, "I beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence I am base among you, but being absent I am bold toward you."

But I beseech you ( 2 Corinthians 10:2 ),

Twice now, the beseeching, not demanding, but just appealing to them.

that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh ( 2 Corinthians 10:2 ).

They were accusing Paul of walking according to the flesh. They were making all kinds of bitter accusations against him and he's warning that when he comes, he doesn't want to really come down heavy on them. However, if the necessity is there, he will.

For though [he said] we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but [they are] mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ ( 2 Corinthians 10:3-5 );

So we walk in the flesh; that is, we are in a body of flesh. However, our real warfares are not fleshly warfares. Though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh. Paul, writing to the Ephesians, said, "For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, and powers, and spiritual entities in high places" ( Ephesians 6:12 ). Our real battles, our real warfare are not physical battles. They are spiritual battles with these spirit entities that surround us, and there is spiritual warfare constantly going on. We do not and cannot imagine the extent to which this spiritual warfare is being waged in the universe around us.

You remember when Daniel set his heart to seek the Lord in fasting and in prayer. And after twenty-one days, the angel came to Daniel and said, "From the day you first called unto God I was dispatched to bring you the answer; but lo, the prince of Persia captured me and held me until finally Michael, that great prince, came and set me free and now I am come to reveal unto you those things that you desire to know of God."

This great spiritual warfare that was going on hindering the answer to Daniel's prayer for twenty-one days, as this angel dispatched from God was held and captured by the prince of Persia, by the powers and the spirit forces of darkness and held until Michael came and delivered him. We are not really cognizant of the spiritual warfare that does go on in the universe around us. It would be well if we would be more sensitive to the fact that there is a spiritual warfare going on, and many times, we get the flack of that spiritual warfare. The by-product of it oftentimes are feelings that we really don't understand and can't really define. A feeling of heaviness, a feeling of depression, a feeling of discouragement or a feeling of despair, despondency. A feeling of restlessness, just a feeling of agitation. These feelings can often result from the by-product really of the spiritual warfare that is going on around us.

There is a tremendous battle over the souls of men being waged by the Spirit of God and by Satan. That desire to control the mind and the soul of man. And many a time a person is in the midst of that conflict as it is their soul that is in the balance. God's Spirit tugging; Satan holding on. Tremendous spiritual battle. And to be aware of them is vital for us as Christians if we're going to maintain a life of victory.

One of our problems is that we do not always recognize when Satan is attacking. And quite often, we're prone to just pass it off on just, you know, our own nature or our own just feelings or, "I just woke up this morning feeling horrible, and I just get in these cranky moods sometimes. You're just going to have to forgive me and all." And we're not aware of the fact that we are under a spiritual attack. And because we're not aware of the fact that it is a spiritual attack against us, we just go on, rather than standing against it and resisting it. For the Bible tells us if we resist the devil he'll flee from us. But I've got to recognize that it is Satan's attack before I resist it.

So, there are really the three R's I call the spiritual victory. And the one is to recognize the source of the attack. This is the enemy at work. He's attacking me. Having recognized it, then I can deal with it by resisting it in the name of Jesus. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. And then the third key to victory is to rejoice in the victory of the Lord over the powers and the forces of darkness, and as you rejoice you find the depression goes; you find that the irritation leaves, and you begin to really feel victory in Christ. And what a difference the day becomes because you have taken that victory that is yours through Christ over this attack of the enemy against you.

But too many times we just bow our head and we, you know, go on being battered and beaten, feeling lousy and don't know why. Complaining to God because things are going so horribly. Failing to recognize that it's actually a spiritual attack of Satan against you, against your home, against the family. And they can be manifested in so many ways.

So, we walk in the flesh but we really don't war after the flesh. The warfare is a spiritual warfare, and for this spiritual warfare it takes spiritual weapons. And God has provided us those spiritual weapons. And in Ephesians chapter six, Paul said, "Therefore recognizing that we're wrestling against these spirit forces and powers, put on the whole armor of God, that you might be able to withstand the works of the evil one." That you might stand against them. And he talks about the helmet of salvation; he talks about the sword of the spirit, which is the word of God; the shield of faith whereby we quench the fiery darts of the wicked one. And then having armed you completely, he then concludes by saying, "Praying with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, let your requests be made known unto God" ( Philippians 4:6 ).

So the weapons of our warfare are not carnal. The weapons of the spiritual warfare are spiritual weapons, the word of God, faith, prayer. And by these we come against the attacks of the enemy, and by these we can defeat the enemy. None of you as a child of God need to go on being harassed by Satan. You have the authority and the power through Jesus Christ to put the enemy to flight. And when you come against him in that victory of Christ that was wrought at Calvary, Satan must yield. "Resist the devil and he shall flee from you. Draw nigh unto God, and he will draw nigh unto you" ( James 4:8 ).

Our problem is that so often, rather than coming against the enemy with spiritual weapons, we come against him with the weapons of the flesh. "I'm going to conquer over this. I'm going to, you know, lift myself out of this depression. I'm going to . . . " And we come with our own fleshly devices and schemes rather than with the spiritual weapons that God has placed at our disposal. And so the fight goes on and on and on and on. And I live in a quasi world constantly battling, constantly being harassed and attacked by the enemy, because I'm trying in my flesh to ward off his power and his attacks against me. The "weapons of our warfare are not carnal, they are mighty through God pulling down the strongholds." And that's exactly what we can do through prayer is pull down the strongholds of the enemy.

Now, the area of the battlefield is in the imagination of man and in his thoughts. Satan battles you in your mind. The spiritual battles are waged in your mind. That's where Satan challenges God. "Hath God said? Does God know? Is there knowledge in the most high? Does God see?" And quite often we are deceived by Satan thinking that we are getting by. God doesn't see.

"If God sees, then why didn't He do something about it?" And because God doesn't instantly strike we think, "Well, we're getting by with it." And we've deceived ourselves into thinking that we are somehow getting by with our evil. It's going unnoticed by God. We seem to be prospering in our wickedness. But as the old adage goes: The wheels of justice grinds slowly but exceedingly fine. And it will come out.

But in our minds Satan will plant thoughts, ideas, fantasies. What do I do with them? Do I say, "Oh, I like that. Um-hmm." And I begin to fantasize and see myself in this experience, and I begin to go on in my mind and play with it and, "Oh, you know, it would be so good and I could be so happy. And oh, it's so ideal." And you continue to fantasize, and Satan takes that imagination, that fantasy, and he uses it to trip you up. The law of metaphysics, the visualization. What do you desire? Put it in your mind. Put it before your mind. Write your goal on a piece of paper. Put it on your mirror. And when you shave in the morning, look at it and just see yourself now in this position of power. See yourself in this position of authority. See yourself sitting behind the desk, president on the you know . . . And as you are visualizing, your subconscious will take over and will begin to device the methods and the means whereby your visualization can become an actualization.

And so Satan works. You begin to visualize yourself in these things, doing these things. And your subconscious begins to develop the schemes and the methods whereby it becomes a reality. And suddenly you find yourself caught up in that which you really thought I would never do. But you see, you first of all did it in your mind. That's what Jesus was talking about when He said, "You've heard that it hath been said, 'Thou shalt not commit adultery.' But I say unto you, Whoever lusts after a woman in his heart" ( Matthew 5:28 ). You see, there is where it starts: in the mind, in the fantasizing. You're already guilty. You're on the road. You're on the way. You've already in your mind done the act. And so that's where it has to be checked.

That's where we need the spiritual weapons. To check those imaginations. And "casting down every imagination and anything that would exalt itself against the law of God," that would put me in opposition to what God hath said. "Bringing every thought into captivity unto the obedience of Jesus Christ." If that thought that you have doesn't measure up and match what Jesus would have you to be or to do, then get rid of it. Don't play with it. Don't flirt with it, because it can bring you into damnation.

So the weapons of our warfare. We need the spiritual weapons to fight this spiritual warfare. We may walk in the flesh, but that isn't where the real war takes place. It takes place in my mind. The spiritual battle for the control of my mind. And if I have the mind of the flesh, then I'm going to reap corruption. But if I have the mind of the Spirit, then I'm going to reap life and joy and peace in the Holy Spirit. But the battle is for the mind and Satan is trying to captivate your mind.

And look at the tools that he has today to captivate your mind and to plant things into your mind that would take you away from the Lord. Look at the abundance and the availability of pornography today. Satan is working overtime to bring out things to capture your mind and to cause these fantasies to start going. And you've got to stand in the strength and in the power of the Holy Spirit against these onslaughts of the enemy, or else you will find yourself brought into captivity and in the bondage of your flesh.

My heart goes out to you. It's not easy to live the right kind of life today, because every ungodly pressure in the world is against you. And you cannot in your flesh maintain a spiritual experience. You must take and use everything God has made available for you if you're going to stand in these days.

And that's how Paul concludes this little talk in Ephesus to the Ephesians on the same subject. He said, "Stand ye therefore, and having done all, stand" ( Ephesians 6:13 ). And God knows sometimes that's about all we can do. I mean, after Satan has been through and the battering and the blasting, just the fact that I'm still standing, man, that's all right, you know. Thank God. It's only by the grace of God that I'm standing, because surely Satan is out to destroy you and to pull you down.

And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled ( 2 Corinthians 10:6 ).

Paul is again referring to those in Ephesus in whom he plans to, if they do not change, bring revenge upon their disobedience. Now,

Do ye look on things after the outward appearance ( 2 Corinthians 10:7 )?

And this is where they were making fun of Paul's outward appearance. You know, "He's weak and contemptible in his presence. His speech is contemptible." Paul said, "Do you look on the outward appearance?"

If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's ( 2 Corinthians 10:7 ).

So these people who were saying, "Well, we are really of the Lord." Paul says, "Wait a minute. I'm also of the Lord." "Oh, we have the mind of Christ." Paul said, "We also have the mind of Christ." "We have received a revelation." Paul said, "I have received a revelation." So these people, they say they're of Christ, but just put this down. "We also are of Christ."

For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction, I should not be ashamed ( 2 Corinthians 10:8 ):

Now Paul's authority was given to him of the Lord to build up the body of Christ. And so be careful. You see, when a person is speaking authoritatively and he is using that to tear down the body of Christ, then that's a dangerous thing. To destroy. Paul said, "My gift wasn't given to me to destroy, but to build up. If I have the anointing of God's Spirit and the word of the Lord in my heart, that word was given to me to build up the body of Christ. These people are going around trying to destroy or to tear down the body of Christ."

That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters. For his letters, say they, are weighty and powerful; but his bodily presence is weak ( 2 Corinthians 10:9-10 ),

Spinally little guy.

and his speech contemptible. Let such a one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such will we be also in deed when we are present ( 2 Corinthians 10:10-11 ).

When I come in the deeds I will be powerful and weighty. Paul wasn't really one to be messed with. When Paul was on a particular island--and it's in the book of Acts and it doesn't come clearly, you can go and get the details--but there was this governor of the island, Sergius Paulus. And Paul was sharing with him the things of Jesus Christ. And there was a certain sorcerer, I think Elymas the sorcerer who was speaking against the things that Paul was saying. And Paul turned to Elymas and said, "God smite you with blindness, brother." And the guy went blind. So that old Sergius and all of them were really amazed at the power demonstrated through this man Paul.

Paul says, "Hey, as I am in my letters: powerful, weighty; that's the way I'm going to be in my deeds when I deal with these guys when I get there." Man, if I were one of those speaking against Paul, I think I'd take a leave of absence and leave town for a while.

For we dare not make ourselves of the number [of those who are guilty of the mistake of] comparing themselves with others: for by measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, they're not wise ( 2 Corinthians 10:12 ).

Now this is often a mistake that people make. You see, we look around and say, "Hey, I'm not too bad." Because I'm comparing myself with you. And as we use each other as our standard for comparison, we can sometimes feel very heady, very proud, you know, because I'm using another man as my standard for comparison.

But Paul said that isn't wise. Why? Because no man is my standard. Jesus Christ is my standard. God doesn't call me to be like any man; He calls me to be like Jesus Christ. And though I may look at some man and say, "Well, you know, I'm not too bad." When I look at Jesus Christ, I say, "Woe is me; I'm a sinful man. God help me."

So here in Corinth there was this little group puffed up because they were comparing themselves with each other, using each other as the standard for comparison. And thus being puffed by that, but that's a mistake. That's not wise. God help us that we don't fall in that trap. That we don't measure ourselves by others, but let's look at Christ as the standard. For an interesting scripture in John, chapter sixteen where Jesus said, "When the Holy Spirit is come, He's going to reprove the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, [He said] because they don't believe in Me" ( John 16:8 , John 16:9 ). Interesting statement, because we would think of sin because they're liars and cheaters and adulterers and fornicators and murderers and thieves. But not that, a sin because they don't believe in me. Why? Because Jesus through His death paid the price for every sin.

There's only one sin that can condemn a man now, and that is the rejection of Jesus Christ. He "didn't come to condemn the world but to save the world. For the world was already condemned and this is the condemnation, light came into the world but men wouldn't come to the light" ( John 3:17-19 ). That's the condemnation. Sin, because they don't believe in Me.

But then He said, "Of righteousness, because I ascend into my Father" ( John 16:10 ). Now, that again is an interesting statement. Why would He equate righteousness to His ascension into heaven? The ascension of Jesus Christ into heaven in the sight of the disciples was God's statement to mankind: This is the righteousness that can be received into heaven. Nothing less. If you want to be accepted into heaven, then that is the righteousness that God accepts into heaven.

You say, "Woe is me; I'm out." No, for by faith in Jesus Christ, God imputes to us that righteousness which is of Christ through faith. But it does immediately eliminate any work that I might be seeking to do to be accepted by God. It does eliminate works as a method to gain entrance into heaven completely. The ascension of Jesus Christ puts the standard of righteousness so high that I cannot attain it by my own effort. I must accept it as the gift of God through His grace. "Of righteousness because I ascend unto heaven." God's declaration, This is the standard.

So He is the standard by which we must measure ourselves, not each other.

But [Paul said] we will not boast of things without our measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you. For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as though we reached not unto you; for we are come as far as to you also in preaching the gospel of Christ: Not boasting of things without our measure, that is, of other men's labors; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly ( 2 Corinthians 10:13-15 ),

And so Paul says, "I'm not going to, you know, measure myself by other standards. The work that I did, it's sufficient. The labor that I had among you, that's the measure. Your faith in Christ, your following after Him, that's the testimony. That's the witness to the authenticity of my ministry. You yourselves, the fruit of my ministry attest to the fact that my ministry is valid." And Paul said,

To preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand ( 2 Corinthians 10:16 ).

And so Paul talks about his ministry. He wasn't really interested in going around and building on another man's foundations. He wasn't really interested in going where the gospel had already been declared. He was interested in going to regions beyond, and when he had come to Corinth, they had never heard before. Now that they had heard and believed, there were always those fellows ready to move in and to put Paul down and try to build their own little popular followings. And that is always the case.

You know, when people see a marvelous work like God has done here at Calvary Chapel, there's always a thousand and ten ministers around the country that suddenly feel called to Orange County. "Maybe we can catch some fallout. Or maybe we can pull some out."

Whereas it is interesting that every week we get calls and letters from all over the country of people pleading to have a Calvary Chapel-type ministry in their area. Hundreds of requests every year come in. For they say there is nothing like Calvary here where we can go and just be taught the word of God. But yet why isn't God, you see, why doesn't He call people to those places where there, you know, there hasn't been already a work established. Why are they called to come five blocks away or nearby and establish a work and then come in and say, "Folks, why don't you come over. We've got a little . . . Calvary's good, but you know, they are just lacking a little bit. And so God's called us to complete the work. They're just little." It's a shame really when there are thousands of areas around the country pleading for someone to come and teach them the word that these people don't hear a call of God to go there.

And so Paul is faced with this in Corinth. All of these guys moved in. They weren't going to unreached regions. They were going in and trying to build on the foundation that he established. Why is it that they go into the church and try to take away from the church, rather than going down to the beach? Or going to the public marketplaces?

Amazing how, many times, while we're sitting here studying the word of God, people are out there plastering your cars with invitations to some event in their church that's going to be happening. We have a crew that's out there every service to take the things off of the windshields that are put on by these people that come around when the cars are parked there. You'll never know what you've been invited to.

But we will call these people and we'll say, "Why would you come to our parking lot to pass out your literature? Why don't you go over to the South Coast Plaza mall? Why don't you go down to the beach? Why are you trying to take away from the body of Christ? You know, if you're really valid, why aren't you going out and winning the lost?" And Paul says, "That's the validity of my ministry is to go to regions beyond where the gospel hasn't been heard." The call of God upon Paul's heart: go out where the need is. Don't go and build another church and duplicate another ministry. But go out where the need is. "To preach the gospel in the regions beyond, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand." Not to come in and try and just take off from someone else's work.

But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth ( 2 Corinthians 10:17-18 ).

It's not what I think about myself that counts; it's what God thinks about me. It's not what I say about myself that really matters; it's what is God saying about me? So with you. It's not what you have to say about yourself that is really important; it's what does God have to say about you? Not what you have to say about your calling or your ministry or whatever; what is God saying about it? It isn't he who commends himself. That isn't where it's at. But the commendation of God, that's the thing we need to see. If we want to glory, let's not glory in our works or in our efforts, but let's glory in what the Lord has done.

I feel so embarrassed many times, because as I meet people from around the country, ministers and all, and they'll say, "You're sure doing a great work there in Costa Mesa." And I always correct them, I say, "The Lord is indeed doing a fabulous work, and I have the privilege of watching what He is doing." I don't look at this as my work. God knows what I can do. I can make a mess out of anything. Like we used to say, "Our kids could get juice out of anything when they ate, you know little kids. Eat dried crackers, but they get juice out of them." And even as they could get juice out of anything, I can make a mess out of anything.

This is a work of the Lord. It's marvelous in our eyes. We have the joy and the blessing of seeing God work. And "He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord" for what God has done. And let us not seek man's commendations, man's approvals. Let's seek the Lord's approval.

What does God think of me and of my service? Men might be hailing me, saying how wonderful I am. Hey, that doesn't matter. They could be wrong. What is God saying? That's what I'm concerned with. What's God's opinion? That has me deeply concerned. God help us.

Father, we thank You again for Your word, standard for life. The light for our path. May we walk in Your truth. And O God, may we live after the Spirit and after the things of the Spirit. A life that is pleasing and acceptable, Lord, unto Thee. In Jesus' name we pray. Amen.

May the Lord be with you and may He bless you through the week as God ministers unto you those infinite riches of His love and grace wherewith He loved you before the world ever existed. And may you come to have a fresh insight of God's love and concern for you. That you, in turn, might have a new depth of love and relationship with Him. May this be a blessed week. Blessed of God in every way. "

Bibliographical Information
Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 10". "Smith's Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/csc/2-corinthians-10.html. 2014.
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