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4. A crown, etc.] Possibly there may be a reference to the crown worn on their wedding-day by bride and bridegroom (Song of Solomon 3:11; Song of Solomon 8:9). In Damascus the bridal crown consists of a silver hoop covered with a network of strings of corals. On this net are fastened strings of gold coins.
5. Two kinds of plans.
6. Their very words are an ambush, meant to cause destruction.
9. Even a poor man in those days could afford to have a slave (cp. Exodus 21:32), and such a man, although others might look down on him, would be happier than a person who maintained much state and show but was starving all the while.
11. Follow a regular business: to be occupied with ’vain things’ (RM), speculations, and the like, brings disaster.
12. Read, ’Wickedness is the net of evil men.’ Their ovm badness entraps them.
16. A fool blurts out his annoyance: a wise man is in. no hurry to publish the insult he has received.
18. Thoughtless talk inflicts grievous wounds: if a wise man is present he heals them.
20. The counsellors of peace] Those who promote prosperity.
21. Mischief] i.e. calamity (Proverbs 17:20; Proverbs 28:14).
23. ’Still waters run deep.’ ’Empty vessels make the most sound.’
24. Under tribute] forced to do taskwork (1 Kings 9:21).
26. More excellent than] RV ’is a guide to.’ Seduceth them] RV ’causeth them to err.’
27. He is too lazy to look after his own food (Proverbs 19:24).
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 12". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20