The reliability of this title (A Psalm of David; when he feigned madness (RM) before Abimelech, who drove him away, and he departed) is doubtful, both because the Philistine king in question is called Achish and not Abimelech in 1 Samuel 21:13, and because the contents of the Ps. are akin to the proverbial wisdom of a later age than David's. The Ps. is an alphabetic or acrostic one, with some of the same irregularities which are found in Psalms 25. Psalms 34:10-16 are quoted in 1 Peter 3:10-12.
1. At all times.. continually] the utterance of a faith which can maintain gratitude in adversity as well as in prosperity.
2. Humble] RV 'meek,' all patient and trustful souls.
5. They] The Psalmist's individual experience is also a general one.
6. This poor man] may refer to the Psalmist himself, but if so it is as a type of others.
7. The angel of the lord] a Being frequently mentioned in the OT.: see Exodus 23:20; Isaiah 63:9. He is not merely an angelic messenger, but is in some sense identified with God Himself. He may be said to stand for God in His self-revealing character, and in His activity among men.
Encampeth] cp. 2 Kings 6:17.
10. Young lions] proverbially strong and courageous, and able to provide for themselves.
11. Come, ye children] an address in the tone of the book of Proverbs: see Proverbs 4
15. Are upon] RV 'are toward,' not only in watchfulness, but in favour. See the contrast in the next v.
16. The remembrance of them] their 'memorial' or 'name': see on Psalms 9:6; Psalms 30:4.
21. Evil shall slay the wicked] Sin is selfdestructive, and works out its own punishment. Or perhaps the words mean simply, 'a calamity shall slay the wicked.' Desolate] RV 'condemned.' So in Psalms 34:22.
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Psalms 34". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany