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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 34

Introduction

1David praises God, and exhorts others thereto by his experience.
8They are blessed that trust in God.
11He exhorts to the fear of God.
15The privileges of the righteous.

Verse 1

I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) Abimelech. or, Achish. This is the second of the alphabetical Psalms (the first being Ps 25:); each verse beginning consecutively with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The verse, however, which begins with [^w^, vâv] {wav,} and which should come in between the fifth and sixth, is totally wanting; but as the 22nd, which now begins with [^p^, pê] {pay, podeh,} "redeemeth," is entirely out of the series, it is not improbable that it was originally written {oophodeh,} "and redeemeth" and occupied that situation, in which connection it reads admirably.
Genesis 20:2; 26:1; 1 Samuel 21:13-15; Proverbs 29:25
See on Ps
71:8,14,15; 145:1,2; Isaiah 24:15,16; Acts 5:41; 16:25; Ephesians 5:20; Colossians 3:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 2:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:21 - wondering at; Genesis 24:52 - worshipped; Ruth 4:14 - Blessed; 1 Samuel 21:10 - Achish; 1 Samuel 21:13 - changed; 1 Samuel 22:1 - David; 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; 1 Kings 1:48 - Blessed; Job 1:21 - blessed; Psalm 9:1 - praise; Psalm 35:28 - General; Psalm 40:3 - many; Psalm 62:8 - Trust; Psalm 71:6 - my praise; Psalm 86:12 - praise; Psalm 108:1 - I will; Isaiah 12:1 - O Lord; Daniel 6:10 - gave; Philippians 4:4 - alway; James 3:9 - bless

Verse 2

My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad.
make
44:8; 105:3; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 9:24; 1 Corinthians 1:31; 2 Corinthians 10:17
the humble
22:22-24; 32:5,6; 119:74; 142:7; 1 Timothy 1:15,16
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:52 - worshipped; Genesis 48:16 - redeemed; Exodus 18:1 - heard; 1 Chronicles 16:10 - Glory; Psalm 62:8 - Trust; Psalm 66:16 - Come; Psalm 69:32 - The humble; Psalm 143:9 - flee unto thee; Luke 1:46 - General; 2 Corinthians 1:4 - that; Philippians 4:4 - alway

Verse 3

O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together.
magnify
35:27; 40:16; 69:30; Luke 1:46; Acts 19:17; Philippians 1:20
let us
33:1,2; 66:8; 103:20-22; 148:1-14; 1 Chronicles 29:20; 2 Chronicles 29:30; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 19:5,6
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:2 - exalt him; Job 36:24 - magnify; Psalm 23:3 - leadeth; Psalm 30:1 - extol; Psalm 50:15 - deliver; Psalm 66:17 - I cried; Psalm 95:1 - Come; Psalm 99:5 - Exalt; Psalm 107:8 - praise; Psalm 116:1 - because; Isaiah 12:4 - his name

Verse 4

I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.
sought
18:6; 22:24; 31:22; 77:1,2; 116:1-6; Jonah 2:2; Matthew 7:7; Luke 11:9; 2 Corinthians 12:8,9; Hebrews 5:7
from
27:1,2; 46:2; 56:3; 1 Samuel 27:1; Isaiah 12:2; 2 Corinthians 7:5,6; 2 Timothy 1:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:9 - Jacob; Genesis 33:4 - embraced; Exodus 3:7 - I have; Exodus 18:4 - delivered; 1 Samuel 21:12 - sore; Psalm 3:4 - he; Psalm 30:1 - extol; Psalm 50:15 - deliver; Psalm 57:7 - I will; Psalm 64:1 - preserve; Psalm 66:17 - I cried; Psalm 86:7 - General; Psalm 107:19 - General; Psalm 112:7 - shall not; Psalm 138:3 - In the day; 1 John 3:22 - whatsoever

Verse 5

They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.
They
123:1,2; Isaiah 45:22; Hebrews 12:2
and were
13:3; 18:28; 97:11; Esther 8:16
lightened
or, flowed unto him. their.
83:16; 2 Samuel 19:5
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 20:4 - ask help of the Lord; Ezra 9:8 - lighten; Psalm 31:17 - Let me; Isaiah 38:5 - I have heard; Micah 7:7 - I will look; Philippians 4:6 - in

Verse 6

This poor man cried, and the LORD heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
This
3:4; 10:17; 40:17; 66:16-20
saved
17-19; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 22:1; Revelation 7:14-17
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:7 - I have; Exodus 22:27 - when he crieth; Judges 15:19 - Enhakkore; 2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath; 2 Samuel 22:4 - so; 2 Samuel 22:7 - did hear; 2 Chronicles 14:11 - cried unto; 2 Chronicles 20:4 - ask help of the Lord; Psalm 9:12 - he forgetteth; Psalm 18:27 - save; Psalm 22:24 - but; Psalm 30:8 - unto; Psalm 34:15 - and; Psalm 34:19 - but; Psalm 35:10 - which; Psalm 40:10 - lovingkindness; Psalm 66:17 - I cried; Psalm 66:19 - General; Psalm 69:33 - the Lord; Psalm 77:1 - I cried; Psalm 86:1 - for I am; Psalm 116:4 - called; Isaiah 38:5 - I have heard; Isaiah 41:17 - I the Lord; Jeremiah 20:13 - for; Lamentations 3:56 - hast; Jonah 2:2 - I cried; Micah 7:7 - I will look

Verse 7

The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
The angel
91:11; 2 Kings 6:17; 19:35; Daniel 6:22; Matthew 18:10; Luke 16:22; Hebrews 1:14
encampeth
Genesis 32:1,2; Zechariah 9:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:7 - angel; Genesis 48:16 - Angel; 2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath; 1 Kings 19:5 - an angel; 2 Chronicles 18:31 - the Lord; Job 1:10 - an hedge; Psalm 125:2 - the Lord; Proverbs 14:26 - fear; Daniel 3:25 - the Son of God; Daniel 3:28 - hath sent; Matthew 4:6 - lest; Acts 5:19 - General; Acts 12:7 - the angel; Acts 12:11 - that the

Verse 8

O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.
taste
63:5; 119:103; Song of Solomon 2:3; 5:1; Hebrews 6:4,5; 1 Peter 2:2,3; 1 John 1:1-3
Lord
36:7,10; 52:1; Jeremiah 31:14; Zechariah 9:17; 1 John 4:7-10
blessed
2:12; 84:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:8 - I am; Numbers 10:29 - come; 2 Samuel 17:29 - to eat; Psalm 1:1 - Blessed; Psalm 25:2 - O; Psalm 32:10 - but; Psalm 40:4 - Blessed; Proverbs 16:20 - whoso; Isaiah 30:18 - blessed; Jeremiah 17:7 - General; Daniel 3:28 - hath sent; Romans 12:2 - prove; Revelation 22:17 - let him that heareth

Verse 9

O fear the LORD, ye his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.
fear
22:23; 31:23; 89:7; Genesis 22:12; Isaiah 8:13,14; Hosea 3:5; Revelation 15:3,4
for
23:1; Luke 12:30-32; Romans 8:32; 1 Corinthians 3:22,23; Philippians 4:19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 10:12 - fear; 1 Samuel 30:19 - General; 1 Kings 17:6 - the ravens; Psalm 37:3 - be fed; Psalm 84:11 - no; Psalm 111:5 - hath given; Psalm 145:19 - fulfil; Proverbs 10:3 - will; Proverbs 19:23 - fear; Proverbs 22:4 - By; Isaiah 58:11 - and satisfy; Jeremiah 37:21 - and that; Matthew 6:33 - and all; Luke 12:31 - General; Luke 22:35 - lacked; Acts 4:34 - was

Verse 10

The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good thing.
lions
104:21; Job 4:10,11; Luke 1:51-53
but
84:11; Matthew 6:32
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:5 - full; 1 Samuel 30:19 - General; 1 Kings 17:6 - the ravens; 1 Kings 19:5 - an angel; Nehemiah 9:21 - their; Job 18:12 - hungerbitten; Job 38:39 - Wilt; Psalm 23:1 - I shall; Psalm 37:3 - be fed; Psalm 107:9 - General; Psalm 111:5 - hath given; Proverbs 10:3 - will; Proverbs 13:25 - righteous; Proverbs 22:4 - By; Isaiah 33:16 - bread; Isaiah 40:30 - General; Isaiah 58:11 - and satisfy; Isaiah 65:13 - my servants shall eat; Jeremiah 37:21 - and that; Jeremiah 51:38 - roar; Matthew 6:11 - General; Matthew 6:33 - and all; Luke 1:53 - filled; Luke 11:9 - seek; Luke 22:35 - lacked; Acts 4:34 - was

Verse 11

Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.
Come
Proverbs 4:1; 7:24; 8:17,32; 22:6; Ecclesiastes 11:9,10; 12:1; Isaiah 28:9; Matthew 18:2-4; Mark 10:14-16; John 13:33; 2 Timothy 3:15
I will
32:8; 111:10; Proverbs 1:7; 2:1-9
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:2 - hearken; Deuteronomy 4:9 - teach them; Deuteronomy 11:19 - General; Deuteronomy 31:12 - that they may; 1 Samuel 12:23 - I will teach; 2 Chronicles 17:7 - he sent; Job 32:7 - General; Job 33:33 - hearken; Psalm 19:9 - The fear; Psalm 49:1 - Hear; Psalm 66:16 - Come; Psalm 119:9 - shall; Psalm 119:13 - I declared; Proverbs 1:4 - to the; Proverbs 3:2 - length; Proverbs 3:7 - fear; Proverbs 10:27 - fear; Proverbs 15:33 - fear; Isaiah 55:2 - Hearken; Mark 4:3 - Hearken; Romans 12:7 - or he; 1 Thessalonians 2:11 - as; Hebrews 5:12 - teachers

Verse 12

What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see good?
What
21:4; 91:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; 30:20; 1 Peter 3:10,11
that he
4:6; Job 7:7; Ecclesiastes 2:3; 12:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:16 - the Lord; Deuteronomy 11:9 - prolong; Deuteronomy 25:15 - that thy days; Job 32:7 - General; Psalm 15:2 - speaketh; Psalm 94:14 - forsake; Ecclesiastes 6:6 - yet; Isaiah 65:20 - There shall; Amos 5:14 - Seek; Matthew 5:9 - are

Verse 13

Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.
Keep
39:1; Proverbs 18:21; Matthew 12:35-37; James 1:19,26; 3:2,5-10
speaking
55:11; Proverbs 12:7,19,22; 19:9; Isaiah 63:8; Colossians 3:9; 1 Peter 2:1,22; Revelation 14:4,5
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 29:8 - that I may not; Job 15:13 - and lettest; Psalm 15:2 - speaketh

Verse 14

Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Depart
37:27; Job 28:28; Proverbs 3:7; 8:13; 13:14; 16:16,17; Isaiah 1:16,17; Romans 12:9; 2 Timothy 2:19; 1 Peter 3:11
do
Acts 10:38; Galatians 6:10; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 13:16; 3 John 1:11
seek
120:7; Matthew 5:9; Romans 12:18; 14:17; 2 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:17,18
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 29:8 - that I may not; Job 1:8 - escheweth; Psalm 97:10 - hate; Proverbs 13:19 - depart; Isaiah 56:2 - keepeth his; Ezekiel 18:31 - Cast; Amos 5:15 - Hate; Mark 9:50 - have peace; Romans 14:19 - follow; 1 Timothy 6:11 - and

Verse 15

The eyes of the LORD are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry.
The
33:18; Job 36:7; 1 Peter 3:12
and
6,17; 130:2; 2 Chronicles 6:40; Isaiah 37:14-21; Daniel 9:17-23
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:19 - For I; Genesis 19:21 - I; Genesis 24:15 - before; Deuteronomy 4:37 - in his sight; Deuteronomy 11:12 - the eyes; 2 Samuel 22:7 - did hear; 1 Kings 8:29 - That thine; 2 Chronicles 6:20 - thine eyes; 2 Chronicles 16:9 - the eyes; Ezra 5:5 - But the eye; Ezra 8:22 - The hand; Nehemiah 1:6 - thine ear; Job 34:21 - General; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 11:7 - his; Psalm 41:12 - settest; Psalm 71:2 - in thy; Psalm 101:6 - Mine; Proverbs 15:29 - he heareth; Isaiah 58:9 - shalt thou; Jeremiah 24:6 - For I will; Jeremiah 32:19 - for; Amos 9:4 - set; Habakkuk 1:13 - of; Zechariah 13:9 - they shall call; Matthew 6:6 - pray; John 9:31 - we know; James 5:16 - The effectual; 1 Peter 5:7 - for; 2 Peter 2:9 - knoweth; 1 John 3:22 - whatsoever

Verse 16

The face of the LORD is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.
face
Leviticus 17:10; 26:17; Jeremiah 44:11; Ezekiel 14:7,8; Amos 9:4
to cut
10:16; Job 18:17; Proverbs 10:7; Ecclesiastes 8:10; Jeremiah 17:13
Reciprocal: Ruth 4:10 - the name; Ezra 8:22 - his power and his wrath; Job 13:12 - remembrances; Psalm 109:15 - cut off; Proverbs 15:29 - far; Jeremiah 21:10 - I have; Jeremiah 23:30 - General; Ezekiel 15:7 - I will set; Habakkuk 1:13 - of

Verse 17

The righteous cry, and the LORD heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles.
The righteous
There is no word for the righteous in the present Hebrew text; but it is preserved in all the versions; and it was probably lost from its similitude to tzâäkoo, "they cry:"--tzâäkoo tazddeekim, "the righteous cry."
cry
6,15,19; 91:15; 145:18-20; 2 Chronicles 32:20,21,24; Isaiah 65:24; Acts 12:5-11
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:10 - cried out; 1 Samuel 26:24 - let him deliver; 2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath; Psalm 145:19 - he also will; Acts 7:10 - delivered; 1 John 5:14 - he

Verse 18

The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.
is nigh
75:1; 85:9; 119:151; 145:18; Isaiah 55:6
unto them, etc
Heb. to the broken of heart.
51:17; 147:3; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18
such as, etc
Heb. the contrite of spirit.
2 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Ezekiel 36:26,31
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:24 - let him deliver; 2 Chronicles 34:27 - thine heart; Psalm 109:16 - slay; Proverbs 16:19 - to be; Jeremiah 44:10 - humbled; Joel 2:13 - rend; Matthew 5:3 - the poor

Verse 19

Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.
Many
71:20; Job 5:19; 30:9-31; 42:12; Proverbs 24:16; John 16:33; Acts 14:22; 2 Corinthians 4:7-12,17; 11:23-27; 1 Thessalonians 3:3,4; 2 Timothy 3:11,12; Hebrews 11:33-38; James 5:10,11; 1 Peter 4:12,13; Revelation 7:14-17
but
6,17
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:10 - was a; Genesis 42:36 - all these things are against me; Ruth 1:3 - and she was; 1 Samuel 19:10 - he slipped; 1 Samuel 19:12 - Michal; 1 Samuel 30:3 - burned; 2 Samuel 20:1 - And there; 2 Samuel 22:1 - in; 1 Kings 1:29 - hath; Job 1:18 - Thy sons; Psalm 18:1 - in the day; Psalm 18:27 - save; Psalm 25:17 - General; Psalm 32:10 - Many; Psalm 37:24 - Though; Psalm 41:1 - Lord; Psalm 54:7 - For he; Psalm 73:14 - For all; Psalm 119:107 - afflicted; Psalm 129:2 - yet they have; Psalm 143:11 - bring; Proverbs 12:13 - but; Isaiah 54:11 - thou afflicted; Jeremiah 30:7 - but; Daniel 3:23 - fell; Luke 16:20 - full; Acts 26:17 - Delivering; 2 Corinthians 1:10 - General; Philippians 2:27 - but God; 1 Peter 1:6 - manifold

Verse 20

He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.
35:10; 91:12; Daniel 6:22-24; John 19:36
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:24 - Though; Matthew 4:6 - lest

Verse 21

Evil shall slay the wicked: and they that hate the righteous shall be desolate.
Evil
37:30-40; 94:23; Isaiah 3:11
they
37:12-15; 40:15; 89:23; 1 Samuel 19:4,5; 31:4; 1 Kings 22:8,37; Luke 19:14,27; Luke 19:41-44; John 7:7; 15:18-23; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,9
desolate
or, guilty.
Exodus 20:7
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:7 - I hate him; Psalm 18:39 - that; Psalm 20:8 - They; Psalm 140:11 - evil

Verse 22

The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.
redeemeth
31:5; 71:23; 103:4; 130:8; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 4:9; 1 Kings 1:29; Lamentations 3:58; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9
none
9:9,10; 84:11,12; John 10:27-29; Romans 8:31-39; 1 Peter 1:5 Reciprocal: Ezra 8:22 - The hand; Psalm 20:8 - They; Psalm 121:7 - he shall; Psalm 125:1 - that trust; Isaiah 49:23 - for they; Jeremiah 39:18 - because; Daniel 3:28 - that trusted; Acts 12:11 - and hath

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-34.html.