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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

1 Corinthians 10

Introduction

1:2 saints, (a-17) Saints by [divine] calling.

Verse 2

10:2 baptised (d-4) The middle form of the verb, which has a reflexive force. It is when an act returns back in its effect on oneself. see Note e, Hebrews 1:3 . Paul was to act thus in Acts 22:16 ; not to baptise himself, that would be active; but 'get baptised.' They passed through the sea and so got baptised. There was no action of course of a baptiser here, hence the middle voice.

Verse 7

10:7 written, (e-12) See Exodus 32:6 .

Verse 16

10:16 communion (f-12) communion (a-28) Or 'fellowship,' koinonia , as ch. 1.9; Acts 2:42 .

Verse 17

10:17 loaf, (b-7) loaf. (b-17) Or 'bread.' partake (c-13) Metecho , see Note q, Hebrews 2:14 .

Verse 21

10:21 partake (c-14) Metecho , see Note q, Hebrews 2:14 .

Verse 22

10:22 jealousy? (d-7) See Deuteronomy 32:16 ,Deuteronomy 32:21 .

Verse 23

10:23 lawful, (e-4) lawful, (e-13) 'Are lawful' is the verb, of which exousia , the word translated 'right' or 'liberty' in ch. 8.9, and 'power' in Matthew 10:1 , is the noun. The word translated 'liberty' in v. 29 is different, and is opposed to 'bondage,' as in John 8:32 ,John 8:36 ; 2 Corinthians 3:17 ; Galatians 5:13 .

Verse 28

10:28 purposes, (f-13) Or 'to a god.'

Verse 29

10:29 liberty (e-17) 'Are lawful' is the verb, of which exousia , the word translated 'right' or 'liberty' in ch. 8.9, and 'power' in Matthew 10:1 , is the noun. The word translated 'liberty' in v. 29 is different, and is opposed to 'bondage,' as in John 8:32 ,John 8:36 ; 2 Corinthians 3:17 ; Galatians 5:13 .

Verse 30

10:30 partake (c-3) Metecho , see Note q, Hebrews 2:14 .

Verse 32

10:32 stumbling, (g-5) Lit. 'be offenceless (no occasion to stumble) to both Jews and Greeks and the assembly of God.' The Greek is stronger in style than English.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/1-corinthians-10.html. 1857-67.