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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

1 Thessalonians 4

Introduction

1:4 knowing, (a-1) Oida , 'know consciously,' as throughout 1 and 2Thess., except 1 Thessalonians 3:5 .

Verse 1

4:1 please (e-29) I do not say 'to please,' because then pleasing God would be a distinct object. Here it is rather 'to walk so as to please.' The point is, the ' how ,' that is, the manner of doing it, not that it ought to be an object, however true that may be.

Verse 3

4:3 will (f-5) The article is not before 'will' in Greek, and the force is much increased thereby. It is not merely the fact that God wills so, but it is a matter of God's will. God is looked at as a person in authority (not merely a divine Being), but the will is looked at characteristically, not merely as a fact that he so wills. This is of such a character that God himself wills it. sanctification, (g-10) Hagiasmos . See Note i at Romans 1:4 .

Verse 4

4:4 sanctification (g-13) Hagiasmos . See Note i at Romans 1:4 . possess (h-8) The Greek is not, I think, 'acquire,' but 'come into possession of,' the difference being great in moral things. What I possess myself of, I possess when the action is complete and permanent. Thus Luke 18:12 ; Luke 21:19 . You cannot say 'acquire your souls by patience.' 'Keep,' 'preserve,' is a kindred sense of the word.

Verse 6

4:6 matter, (i-12) A mild expression for intercourse with a female, as his wife or another's.

Verse 7

4:7 sanctification. (g-11) Hagiasmos . See Note i at Romans 1:4 . to (k-7) Epi , the characterizing condition. see Romans 10:19 .

Verse 12

4:12 one. (l-15) Or 'of nothing.'

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/1-thessalonians-4.html. 1857-67.