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1:1 at (a-19) Lit. 'in,' as Acts 13:1 ; Revelation 2:1 . Ephesus. (b-20) It may be interesting to mention that though 'at Ephesus' is found in almost all copies, many authorities would leave it out. Some, without sufficient ground, have considered it as a kind of circular. Compare Colossians 4:16 .
5:3 lust, (m-8) As 'greedy unsatisfied lust,' ch. 4.19. It means the lust of having, but is not confined to gain. see Mark 7:22 .
5:4 foolish (n-4) Perhaps 'indecent.' jesting, (o-7) Used for 'buffoonery.' convenient; (p-11) 'Convenient' has the French sense of convenir (see Colossians 3:18 , Philemon 1:8 , 'fitting'), but no other word exactly suits. Perhaps 'becoming' or 'suitable.'
5:5 lust, (m-19) As 'greedy unsatisfied lust,' ch. 4.19. It means the lust of having, but is not confined to gain. see Mark 7:22 . knowing (q-8) 'Informed of' is conscious knowledge; 'knowing' is objective knowledge.
5:6 disobedience. (a-24) Apeitheia . see ch. 2.2 and Note q, Romans 10:21 .
5:11 reprove (b-15) Or 'expose [them]' -- that is, expose (as by light) their true character. Elenko . see John 3:20 .
5:13 exposed (b-8) Or 'expose [them]' -- that is, expose (as by light) their true character. Elenko . see John 3:20 . things (c-3) Or 'but all of them, having their true character exposed by the light, are made manifest,' or 'are made manifest by the light.'
5:14 thee. (d-22) See Isaiah 60:1 .
5:16 time, (e-3) Not 'redeeming time,' as usually understood, but seizing every good and favourable opportunity. (See Daniel 2:8 .)
5:19 hymns (f-7) Humnos , as Colossians 3:16 . The verb humneo , from the same root, is found in Matthew 26:30 ; Mark 14:26 ; Acts 16:25 ; and Hebrews 2:12 .
5:20 is] (g-12) 'To him who is.' This alone gives the sense. 'God, even the Father,' might be taken as meaning that the Father only is God, and it is far from exact as a translation.
5:23 husband (h-3) Aner , 'man,' when not the race, and 'husband' are the same word in Greek; but the article is left out here. It is in his character of man, as contrasted with woman, that this headship belongs to him. It is the same word as 'husband' in what follows, only there it has the article. wife, (i-8) Or 'woman.'
5:26 purifying (k-8) Or having purified.' The aorists 'loved' -- 'delivered' -- 'sanctify' -- 'purifying' may be coincident or consequent one on another.
5:31 be (a-23) Lit 'to one flesh,' that is, shall become so, and so be accounted. see Note, 1 Corinthians 6:16 . flesh. (b-25) See Genesis 2:24 .
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Darby, John. "Commentary on Ephesians 5". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34