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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Ephesians 4

Introduction

1:1 at (a-19) Lit. 'in,' as Acts 13:1 ; Revelation 2:1 . Ephesus. (b-20) It may be interesting to mention that though 'at Ephesus' is found in almost all copies, many authorities would leave it out. Some, without sufficient ground, have considered it as a kind of circular. Compare Colossians 4:16 .

Verse 1

4:1 wherewith (b-16) Or 'according to which.'

Verse 3

4:3 bond (c-13) It is not only 'bond,' but the 'bond-together.' It is not the power of union -- that is the Holy Spirit; but the practically uniting in fact, as amongst men on earth.

Verse 4

4:4 body (d-4) It may be translated '[the] body is one,' and so on. If we could leave out 'there is' or 'is', the force would be so much the greater.

Verse 8

4:8 says, (e-3) See Psalms 68:18 .

Verse 12

4:12 (f-1) Pros . it directs attention to the object when reached, or when the subject is at, or with the object. 'The Word was with ( pros ) God,' John 1:1 Eis 'with a view to' here, and 'at' three times, ver. 13, refers to the object in the mind of the person. See Mark 11:1 , where 'to' (twice) is eis , and 'at' is pros . Christ; (g-26) Or 'of the Christ.'

Verse 13

4:13 knowledge (h-14) 'Full knowledge,' as ch. 1.17; Colossians 1:9 .

Verse 14

4:14 in (i-22) The form of the Greek phrase makes it somewhat difficult to translate. I do not think that the phrase 'in the sleight of,' &c., is in connection with 'tossed and carried about,' but, in sense, with 'that teaching.' The cheating, as of dice-players, and still more methodic craft, characterized the teaching. 'In the sleight of men' marks the power and character of the teaching. What I have given is literal, and is sufficiently clear. 'that' is emphatic.

Verse 16

4:16 supply, (k-14) The word 'supply' in Greek has the emphatic article and it might read 'that supply, [which is] according to.' The article denotes a known supply from Christ. sufficiently known to be referred to, to which also the 'from whom' lends force.

Verse 17

4:17 as (a-16) Lit. 'as also,' or 'even as.'

Verse 21

4:21 in (b-16) There is an emphatic article before 'Jesus.' 'Jesus' is personally brought into relief.

Verse 22

4:22 conversation (c-10) i.e. manner of life. itself (d-16) Or 'goes on in corruption.' The Greek word is used for 'destroy' in 1 Corinthians 3:17 . The two thoughts combine here.

Verse 24

4:24 holiness. (e-19) Lit. 'righteousness and holiness of the truth.' see ver. 21.

Verse 25

4:25 falsehood, (f-5) Everything that has the character and nature of falsehood. It is abstract, what has this quality, not merely the act of lying.

Verse 27

4:27 for (g-4) Or 'give way to.'

Verse 29

4:29 corrupt (h-3) Or 'filthy;' a figure drawn from what is evil and bad, as fruit. see Matthew 7:17-40.7.18 'worthless.'

Verse 30

4:30 for (i-16) Eis . see ch. 1.14.

Verse 32

4:32 kind, (k-6) As 'good,' Luke 6:35 ; 1 Peter 2:3 . forgiving (l-8) forgiven (l-18) Or 'showing grace to,' 'shown grace to,' as Luke 7:42 .

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Ephesians 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/ephesians-4.html. 1857-67.