Attention! has pledged to build one church a year in Uganda. Help us double that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Ephesians 4


1:1 at (a-19) Lit. 'in,' as Acts 13:1 ; Revelation 2:1 . Ephesus. (b-20) It may be interesting to mention that though 'at Ephesus' is found in almost all copies, many authorities would leave it out. Some, without sufficient ground, have considered it as a kind of circular. Compare Colossians 4:16 .

Verse 1

4:1 wherewith (b-16) Or 'according to which.'

Verse 3

4:3 bond (c-13) It is not only 'bond,' but the 'bond-together.' It is not the power of union -- that is the Holy Spirit; but the practically uniting in fact, as amongst men on earth.

Verse 4

4:4 body (d-4) It may be translated '[the] body is one,' and so on. If we could leave out 'there is' or 'is', the force would be so much the greater.

Verse 8

4:8 says, (e-3) See Psalms 68:18 .

Verse 12

4:12 (f-1) Pros . it directs attention to the object when reached, or when the subject is at, or with the object. 'The Word was with ( pros ) God,' John 1:1 Eis 'with a view to' here, and 'at' three times, ver. 13, refers to the object in the mind of the person. See Mark 11:1 , where 'to' (twice) is eis , and 'at' is pros . Christ; (g-26) Or 'of the Christ.'

Verse 13

4:13 knowledge (h-14) 'Full knowledge,' as ch. 1.17; Colossians 1:9 .

Verse 14

4:14 in (i-22) The form of the Greek phrase makes it somewhat difficult to translate. I do not think that the phrase 'in the sleight of,' &c., is in connection with 'tossed and carried about,' but, in sense, with 'that teaching.' The cheating, as of dice-players, and still more methodic craft, characterized the teaching. 'In the sleight of men' marks the power and character of the teaching. What I have given is literal, and is sufficiently clear. 'that' is emphatic.

Verse 16

4:16 supply, (k-14) The word 'supply' in Greek has the emphatic article and it might read 'that supply, [which is] according to.' The article denotes a known supply from Christ. sufficiently known to be referred to, to which also the 'from whom' lends force.

Verse 17

4:17 as (a-16) Lit. 'as also,' or 'even as.'

Verse 21

4:21 in (b-16) There is an emphatic article before 'Jesus.' 'Jesus' is personally brought into relief.

Verse 22

4:22 conversation (c-10) i.e. manner of life. itself (d-16) Or 'goes on in corruption.' The Greek word is used for 'destroy' in 1 Corinthians 3:17 . The two thoughts combine here.

Verse 24

4:24 holiness. (e-19) Lit. 'righteousness and holiness of the truth.' see ver. 21.

Verse 25

4:25 falsehood, (f-5) Everything that has the character and nature of falsehood. It is abstract, what has this quality, not merely the act of lying.

Verse 27

4:27 for (g-4) Or 'give way to.'

Verse 29

4:29 corrupt (h-3) Or 'filthy;' a figure drawn from what is evil and bad, as fruit. see Matthew 7:17-40.7.18 'worthless.'

Verse 30

4:30 for (i-16) Eis . see ch. 1.14.

Verse 32

4:32 kind, (k-6) As 'good,' Luke 6:35 ; 1 Peter 2:3 . forgiving (l-8) forgiven (l-18) Or 'showing grace to,' 'shown grace to,' as Luke 7:42 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Ephesians 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". 1857-67.