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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Galatians 4

Introduction

1:4 world, (a-18) Aion . 'age,' 'course of this world.'

Verse 4

4:4 come (h-15) Or 'born,' but the word ( ginomai ) means primarily 'to begin existence,' 'to become,' or 'to happen.'

Verse 5

4:5 sonship. (i-12) Or 'adoption.' It is receiving the position of sonship as a gift. 'Receive' has an active force here. Jew and Gentile received it as a gift from another, even freely from God; for the Jew was in bondage under law. the Gentile had right to nothing. see Romans 8:15 ,Romans 8:23 ; Romans 9:4 ; Ephesians 1:5 .

Verse 7

4:7 God. (k-15) God himself has made us heirs.

Verse 8

4:8 gods; (l-18) As the Hebrew in 2 Chronicles 13:9 , 'what is not God.'

Verse 13

4:13 in (a-5) Dia , here meaning the state he was in, not going through and out, but staying within the time or space or limits. 'In weakness' characterized the manner of his coming to them.

Verse 14

4:14 contempt; (b-16) Lit. 'spit out.'

Verse 19

4:19 children, (c-2) Teknia , as John 13:33 .

Verse 22

4:22 servant, (d-14) Or 'bondmaid,' paidiske (as Acts 12:13 ). Though in practice the word amounted to the same as a bondmaid, yet the Greek root is essentially different from that of doulos , a bondman, or slave.

Verse 27

4:27 written, (e-4) See Isaiah 54:1 .

Verse 30

4:30 servant (d-10) servant (d-20) Or 'bondmaid,' paidiske (as Acts 12:13 ). Though in practice the word amounted to the same as a bondmaid, yet the Greek root is essentially different from that of doulos , a bondman, or slave. scripture? (f-5) See Genesis 21:10 . not (g-22) 'Not at all;' 'in no wise;' a strong negative.

Verse 31

4:31 servant's (d-8) Or 'bondmaid,' paidiske (as Acts 12:13 ). Though in practice the word amounted to the same as a bondmaid, yet the Greek root is essentially different from that of doulos , a bondman, or slave.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Galatians 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/galatians-4.html. 1857-67.