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5:4 sabaoth. (d-35) i.e. Jehovah of hosts as Romans 9:29 .
5:7 patience, (e-2) Aorist. see Note a. patience (f-22) Two Greek words are translated 'patience' in the New Testament. In vers. 7 and 8 the verb makrothumeo , and in ver. 10 the noun makrothumia , as Hebrews 6:12 . In Romans 2:4 ; 2 Timothy 4:2 ; 1 Peter 3:20 , this reads 'longsuffering' in this translation. In ver. 11 and elsewhere 'endurance' is hupomone , also translated 'patience' at times, according to the context. In general, makrothumia expresses patience in respect of persons, but hupomone in respect of things. The man who is 'longsuffering' ( makrothumia ) does not suffer himself easily to be provoked by injurious persons, or to be angered, 2 Timothy 4:2 . The man who is 'patient' ( hupomone ), though under great trials, bears up, and does not lose heart or courage, Romans 5:3 ; 2 Corinthians 1:6 .
5:8 patience. (e-4) Aorist. see Note a.
5:9 Complain (g-1) Lit. 'groan,' as Mark 7:34 .
5:10 patience, (a-10) See Note f, ver. 7.
5:11 endurance (b-14) Hupomone . see Note f, ver. 7.
5:16 your (c-3) Lit. 'the.' fervent (d-19) Or, 'operative,' 'working effectually,' if the word be taken as a participle, as elsewhere in the New Testament. The A.V. combines the two ideas, 'the effectual fervent prayer,' but it is hardly both. I do not think it is inwrought by spiritual power. It is the person who is 'fervent.'
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Darby, John. "Commentary on James 5". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
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