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5. Jehovah Appears unto Solomon and the Greatness of the King
1. The second appearance of the LORD to Solomon (1 Kings 9:1-9 )
2. Transactions with Hiram (1 Kings 9:10-14 )
3. The levy of the king (1 Kings 9:15-23 )
4. Pharaoh’s daughter occupies the house (1 Kings 9:24 )
5. The king’s offerings (1 Kings 9:25 )
6. Solomon’s navy (1 Kings 9:26-28 )
Jehovah’s righteous government in the midst of His people Israel had now been established. This government was given and entrusted to Solomon the son of David, so that, in a sense, Solomon occupied the throne of the Lord. All depended upon the faithfulness of Solomon. Therefore the LORD appeared unto him the second time, not to say once more: “Ask what I shall give thee,” but to assure him that He would keep His promise made to David and if he would be faithful his throne would be established. Then He warns against disobedience. If he serves other gods, Israel was to be cut off from the land and the house would be forsaken. How all this came to pass, Solomon’s idolatry, disobedience, the subsequent shameful history of Israel’s apostasy, we shall soon have to follow. Then God used Nebuchadnezzar to carry out the judgment upon Jerusalem and the temple. Another son of David will receive some day the throne and the government will rest in His hands. In Him all will be accomplished which the prophets have spoken and which was foreshadowed in Solomon.
The transaction with Hiram is interesting. Besides furnishing Solomon with timber he also gave him gold; this amounted to 120 talents of gold. Solomon gave to Hiram twenty cities in Galilee. When he came to look at them, he was displeased with them and called them Cabul, which probably means “as nothing.” These cities may have been given to King Hiram for the gold Solomon had received from him. The cities were later restored to Solomon by Hiram, most likely after Solomon had paid back the gold Hiram had furnished.
The activity of the great King in building fortresses and cities is described in this chapter. Hazor became under him a stronghold in defence of Syria. The plain of Jezreel had for a protection Megiddo. Gezer and Baalath were other strongholds. Tadmor is Palmyra, called so by the Greeks and Romans, while it is called still today Tadmor. In this chapter (verse 18) the name is given in Hebrew as “Tamar”; in 2 Chronicles 8:4 it is “Tadmor.” Tamor means “palm tree,” the same as Palmyra. Chronicles uses Tadmor because it was known by that name after the exile.
And Solomon had a fleet of ships, manned mostly by the experienced shipmen of King Hiram. Another fleet is mentioned in 10:22, a navy of Tharshish, which, with Hiram’s navy, sailed every three years to fetch gold, silver, ivory and apes and peacocks. Ophir has been variously located. Peru, the Molucca Islands, Armenia, Arabia and parts of Africa have been suggested. All these statements show the great prosperity of the kingdom.
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Gaebelein, Arno Clemens. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9". "Gaebelein's Annotated Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Sixth Week after Easter