Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Kings 9

Introduction

1God's covenant in a vision with Solomon.
10The mutual presents of Solomon and Hiram.
15In Solomon's works the Gentiles were his bondmen, the Israelites honourable servants.
24Pharaoh's daughter removes to her house.
25Solomon's yearly solemn sacrifices.
26His navy fetches gold from Ophir.

Verse 1

And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do,
A. M. 3013. B.C. 991. it came
6:37,38; 7:1,51; 2 Chronicles 7:11-22
the house
2 Chronicles 8:1-6; Ecclesiastes 2:4
all Solomon's
11,19; Ecclesiastes 2:10; 6:9
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:10 - at the end of twenty;  1 Kings 10:13 - all her desire;  2 Chronicles 2:1 - an house

Verse 2

That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon.
as he
3:5; 11:9; 2 Chronicles 1:7-12; 7:12
Reciprocal: Joshua 18:25 - Gibeon;  1 Kings 3:4 - Gibeon

Verse 3

And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.
I have heard
2 Kings 20:5; Psalms 10:17; 66:19; 116:1; Daniel 9:23; John 11:42; Acts 10:31; 1 John 5:14
I have hallowed
8:10,11; Exodus 20:11; Numbers 16:38; Matthew 6:9
to put
8:29; Deuteronomy 12:5,11,21; 16:11
mine eyes
Deuteronomy 11:12; 2 Chronicles 6:40; 7:15,16; Psalms 132:13,14; Song of Solomon 4:9,10; Jeremiah 15:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:24 - in all places;  1 Kings 6:12 - if thou wilt;  1 Kings 9:7 - this house;  1 Kings 11:36 - the city;  2 Kings 21:4 - In Jerusalem;  2 Kings 21:7 - In this house;  2 Kings 23:27 - My name;  1 Chronicles 22:7 - unto the name;  2 Chronicles 33:4 - In Jerusalem;  Ezra 6:12 - caused;  Ezra 10:1 - before the house;  Nehemiah 1:9 - the place;  Psalm 68:16 - the hill;  Isaiah 37:14 - and Hezekiah went;  Jeremiah 25:30 - his holy;  Haggai 1:8 - and I will take;  John 4:20 - and ye;  Ephesians 6:18 - supplication

Verse 4

And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments:
And if thou
3:14; 8:25; 11:4,6,38; 14:8; 15:5; Genesis 17:1; Deuteronomy 28:1; 2 Chronicles 7:17,18; Job 23:11,12; Psalms 15:2; 26:1,11; Proverbs 20:7; Zechariah 3:7; Luke 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2
in integrity
Proverbs 10:9; 28:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:5 - in the integrity;  1 Kings 3:6 - according;  1 Kings 11:10 - commanded;  2 Kings 16:2 - did not;  1 Chronicles 28:7 - if;  2 Chronicles 17:5 - the Lord;  Psalm 78:72 - according;  Psalm 101:2 - a perfect;  Psalm 116:9 - walk;  Isaiah 38:5 - God;  Jeremiah 17:25 - sitting

Verse 5

Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel.
I will establish
2:4; 6:12; 8:15,20; 2 Samuel 7:12,16; 1 Chronicles 22:9,10; Psalms 89:28-39; Psalms 132:11,12
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  1 Kings 3:14 - as thy;  1 Kings 11:33 - they have forsaken;  1 Kings 11:38 - if thou wilt;  1 Chronicles 28:7 - if;  2 Chronicles 7:18 - shall not;  2 Chronicles 17:5 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord;  Psalm 89:4 - GeneralIsaiah 38:5 - God;  Jeremiah 17:25 - sitting

Verse 6

But if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them:
if ye
1 Samuel 2:30; 2 Samuel 7:14-16; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 7:19-22; 15:2
go
11:4-10; Joshua 23:15,16
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:45 - break down;  Joshua 22:18 - following;  1 Samuel 15:11 - turned;  2 Kings 22:17 - have forsaken;  Ezra 5:12 - he gave;  Ezra 9:7 - for our iniquities;  Nehemiah 1:8 - If ye transgress;  Isaiah 1:28 - they that;  Jeremiah 26:4 - If;  Ezekiel 12:16 - and they

Verse 7

Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people:
will I cut
Leviticus 18:24-28; Deuteronomy 4:26; 29:26-28; 2 Kings 17:20-23; 25:9,21; Jeremiah 7:15; Jeremiah 24:9; Ezekiel 33:27-29; Luke 21:24
this house
3; 2 Kings 25:9; 2 Chronicles 7:20; 36:19; Jeremiah 7:4-14; 26:6,18; 52:13; Lamentations 2:6,7; Ezekiel 24:21; Micah 3:12; Matthew 24:2; Luke 21:24
and Israel
Deuteronomy 28:37; Nehemiah 4:1-4; Psalms 44:14; Isaiah 65:15; Jeremiah 24:9; Lamentations 2:15,16; Joel 2:17
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:59 - General2 Kings 21:7 - In this house;  2 Chronicles 7:19 - shall go;  Nehemiah 1:3 - reproach;  Nehemiah 1:8 - If ye transgress;  Job 17:6 - a byword;  Psalm 69:11 - I became;  Psalm 79:4 - scorn;  Isaiah 48:19 - his name;  Jeremiah 7:14 - as;  Jeremiah 17:4 - shalt;  Jeremiah 25:9 - an astonishment;  Jeremiah 29:18 - to be a curse;  Jeremiah 42:18 - ye shall be;  Jeremiah 44:8 - a curse;  Jeremiah 44:22 - your land;  Lamentations 1:8 - hath;  Lamentations 5:18 - of the;  Ezekiel 5:15 - an instruction;  Ezekiel 21:5 - all;  Ezekiel 22:4 - have I;  Ezekiel 23:32 - thou shalt be;  Ezekiel 36:3 - and ye;  Daniel 9:16 - Jerusalem;  Hosea 9:3 - shall not;  Hosea 9:15 - I will drive;  Jonah 2:4 - out;  Micah 2:10 - and;  Nahum 3:6 - will set;  Zephaniah 2:15 - every;  Zechariah 8:13 - a curse;  Mark 13:2 - there;  Luke 19:44 - lay;  Luke 21:6 - there

Verse 8

And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?
at
2 Chronicles 7:21; Isaiah 64:11; Jeremiah 19:8; 49:17; 50:13; Daniel 9:12
Why
Deuteronomy 29:24-26; Jeremiah 22:8,9,28
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:32 - and your;  Deuteronomy 28:37 - become;  2 Kings 25:9 - he burnt;  1 Chronicles 22:5 - exceeding;  2 Chronicles 2:5 - great;  2 Chronicles 2:9 - wonderful great;  2 Chronicles 29:8 - to astonishment;  Job 18:20 - astonied;  Job 27:23 - hiss him;  Psalm 69:25 - Let their;  Psalm 78:69 - And he;  Jeremiah 5:19 - Wherefore;  Jeremiah 7:14 - as;  Jeremiah 9:12 - for;  Jeremiah 16:10 - Wherefore;  Jeremiah 18:16 - a perpetual;  Jeremiah 25:9 - an astonishment;  Jeremiah 29:18 - to be a curse;  Jeremiah 40:2 - The Lord;  Jeremiah 44:8 - a curse;  Jeremiah 44:22 - your land;  Lamentations 1:18 - hear;  Lamentations 4:12 - GeneralLamentations 5:18 - of the;  Ezekiel 5:8 - in the;  Ezekiel 27:36 - hiss;  Ezekiel 32:10 - amazed;  Ezekiel 36:3 - and ye;  Micah 6:16 - that;  Nahum 3:6 - will set;  Zephaniah 2:15 - every;  Zechariah 8:13 - a curse;  Matthew 24:2 - There;  Mark 13:2 - there;  Luke 19:44 - lay

Verse 9

And they shall answer, Because they forsook the LORD their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.
Because
Deuteronomy 29:25-28; 2 Chronicles 7:22; Jeremiah 2:10-13,19; 5:19; 16:10-13; 50:7; Lamentations 2:16,17; 4:13-15; Ezekiel 36:17-20; Zephaniah 1:4,5
therefore
Jeremiah 12:7,8
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:19 - lest some;  Deuteronomy 29:24 - General1 Kings 18:18 - in that ye have;  2 Chronicles 7:21 - Why;  2 Chronicles 12:1 - he forsook;  Jeremiah 9:12 - for;  Jeremiah 22:8 - GeneralJeremiah 40:2 - The Lord;  Jeremiah 44:23 - therefore;  Lamentations 1:8 - hath;  Lamentations 1:18 - hear;  Lamentations 4:12 - GeneralEzekiel 5:8 - in the

Verse 10

And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king's house,
at the end of twenty
1; 6:37,38; 7:1; 2 Chronicles 8:1-18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:15 - to build;  1 Kings 11:4 - when Solomon

Verse 11

(Now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
Now Hiram
5:6-10; 2 Chronicles 2:8-10,16
king Solomon
2 Chronicles 8:2
of Galilee
Joshua 20:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:1 - all Solomon's;  1 Kings 9:14 - General2 Kings 15:29 - Galilee;  Amos 1:9 - brotherly covenant;  Matthew 4:15 - Galilee

Verse 12

And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not.
they pleased him not
Heb. were not right in his eyes.
Numbers 22:34; Judges 14:3; *margins
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 5:1 - Hiram

Verse 13

And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.
my brother
5:1,2; Amos 1:9
Cabul
that is, Displeasing, or dirty. Josephus says that Cabul, in the Phoenician language, signifies [ouk areskon] displeasing; and that these cities were situated in the neighbourhood of Tyre. Most commentators are persuaded that the city Cabul in the tribe of Asher was one; and probably from this Hiram took occasion to give this name to all the other cities which Solomon had ceded to him.
Joshua 19:27

Verse 14

And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.
11,28; 10:10,14,21
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:9 - she gave;  2 Chronicles 9:24 - every man;  Ecclesiastes 2:8 - silver

Verse 15

And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
A. M. 2989-3029. B.C. 1015-975. the reason
21; 5:13
to build
10; 6:38; 7:1; 2 Chronicles 8:1
Millo
Millo is said to have been a deep valley, between the ancient city of Jebus and the city of David on mount Zion. This Solomon filled up, and built upon; and it became a fortified place, and a place for public assemblies.
24; 11:27; Judges 9:6,20; 2 Samuel 5:9; 2 Kings 12:20
the wall
Psalms 51:18
Hazor
Probably the city Hazor in Naphtali, and the famous capital of Jabin, situated in the lake Merom or Semechon, and placed by Josephus south of Tyre, near Ptolemais.
Joshua 11:1; 19:36; Judges 4:2; 2 Kings 15:29
Megiddo
4:12; Joshua 17:11; Judges 5:19; 2 Kings 9:27; 23:29,30; 2 Chronicles 35:22; Zechariah 12:11
Gezer
16,17; Joshua 10:33; 16:10; 21:21; Judges 1:29; 1 Chronicles 6:67; 20:4
Reciprocal: Joshua 16:3 - Bethhoron;  1 Samuel 27:8 - the Amalekites;  1 Kings 3:1 - the wall;  1 Kings 4:6 - tribute;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke;  1 Kings 12:25 - built;  1 Chronicles 7:29 - Megiddo;  1 Chronicles 11:8 - Millo

Verse 16

For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.
daughter
24; 3:1
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:10 - GeneralJoshua 10:33 - Gezer;  Joshua 16:10 - they drave;  Judges 1:29 - General1 Kings 9:15 - Gezer;  1 Chronicles 4:18 - Bithiah;  1 Chronicles 6:67 - Gezer

Verse 17

And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether,
Beth-horon
Joshua 16:3; 19:44; 21:22; 2 Chronicles 8:4-6,7-18
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:33 - Gezer;  1 Kings 9:15 - Gezer;  1 Kings 12:25 - built;  1 Chronicles 7:24 - Bethhoron;  2 Chronicles 25:13 - Bethhoron

Verse 18

And Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land,
Baalath
Joshua 19:44
Tadmor
2 Chronicles 8:4
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:25 - built;  2 Chronicles 8:6 - Baalath;  Psalm 72:9 - They that

Verse 19

And all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
the cities of store
4:26-28; Exodus 1:11
that which Solomon desired
Heb. the desire of Solomon which he desired.
1; Ecclesiastes 2:10; 6:9
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:2 - General2 Chronicles 8:6 - the store cities;  2 Chronicles 16:4 - the store cities;  Song of Solomon 7:4 - the tower

Verse 20

And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel,
left
2 Chronicles 8:7,8-18
Amorites
Genesis 15:19-21; Exodus 23:23,28-33; 34:11,12; Deuteronomy 7:1-3
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:25 - a servant;  Joshua 9:8 - General1 Kings 5:15 - threescore;  1 Chronicles 1:15 - Hivite;  1 Chronicles 22:2 - the strangers;  2 Chronicles 2:17 - numbered;  Psalm 72:9 - They that;  Ecclesiastes 2:7 - servants

Verse 21

Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.
left
Judges 1:21,27-35; 2:20-23; 3:1-4; Psalms 106:34-36
not
Joshua 15:63; 17:12,16-18
levy
15; 5:13; Judges 1:28,35
tribute
He made them do the most laborious parts of the public works, the Israelites being exempt from all but the more honourable employments.
bond-service
Genesis 9:25,26; Ezra 2:55-58; Nehemiah 7:57; 11:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries;  Joshua 9:8 - GeneralJoshua 16:10 - they drave;  1 Chronicles 20:3 - with saws;  1 Chronicles 22:2 - the strangers;  2 Chronicles 2:17 - numbered;  Ezra 2:58 - Solomon's;  Nehemiah 5:4 - the king's tribute;  Psalm 72:9 - They that

Verse 22

But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen: but they were men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen.
of the children
Leviticus 25:39
but they were men
4:1-27; 1 Samuel 8:11,12; 2 Chronicles 8:9,10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries;  1 Kings 11:26 - Solomon's servant;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke;  1 Chronicles 12:18 - captains of the band;  2 Chronicles 10:4 - grievous;  Song of Solomon 3:7 - threescore;  Jeremiah 34:14 - At the

Verse 23

These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.
chief
5:16; 2 Chronicles 2:18; 8:10
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 8:11 - He will take;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke

Verse 24

But Pharaoh's daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo.
Pharaoh's
16; 3:1; 7:8; 2 Chronicles 8:11
the city of David
2 Samuel 5:9
Millo
15; 11:27; 2 Chronicles 32:5
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:18 - Bithiah

Verse 25

And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt offerings and peace offerings upon the altar which he built unto the LORD, and he burnt incense upon the altar that was before the LORD. So he finished the house.
three times
Exodus 23:14-17; 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; 2 Chronicles 8:12,13
he burnt
Exodus 30:7; 1 Chronicles 23:13; 2 Chronicles 26:16-21; 29:11; 34:25
upon the altar that was before
Heb. upon it which was before. So he finished the house.
6:38; 2 Chronicles 8:16
Reciprocal: Judges 11:40 - four days;  2 Chronicles 4:1 - an altar

Verse 26

And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Eziongeber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom.
made a navy
2 Chronicles 8:12,17,18-11
Ezion-geber
22:48; Numbers 33:35; Deuteronomy 2:8
Eloth
2 Kings 14:22
shore
Heb. lip.
Reciprocal: Genesis 22:17 - shore;  2 Kings 2:13 - bank;  2 Kings 16:6 - Elath;  2 Chronicles 20:36 - Eziongaber;  Proverbs 31:14 - GeneralEzekiel 47:7 - bank

Verse 27

And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.
his servants
5:6,9; 22:49; 2 Chronicles 20:36,37
Reciprocal: Genesis 46:32 - their trade hath been to feed cattle;  1 Kings 10:11 - from Ophir;  2 Chronicles 8:17 - Eziongeber;  2 Chronicles 8:18 - General2 Chronicles 9:10 - brought gold;  Ezekiel 27:8 - wise;  Acts 27:27 - the shipmen

Verse 28

And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.
Ophir
10:11; Genesis 10:29; 1 Chronicles 29:4; 2 Chronicles 8:18; 9:10; Job 22:24; 28:16; Psalms 45:9; Isaiah 13:12
four hundred
2 Chronicles 8:18 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:14 - General1 Kings 10:14 - was six hundred;  1 Kings 22:48 - to Ophir;  1 Chronicles 1:23 - Ophir;  Ecclesiastes 2:8 - silver

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-kings-9.html.