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Bible Commentaries
Numbers 34

Gaebelein's Annotated BibleGaebelein's Annotated

Verses 1-29

10. Instructions Concerning the Conquest and the Boundaries of the Land

CHAPTERS 33:50-34

1. Command to drive out the inhabitants of the land (Numbers 33:50-56 )

2. The division of the land (Numbers 34:1-15 )

3. The names of the men who shall divide the land (Numbers 34:16-29 )

The extermination of the Canaanites is first of all demanded. Everything of idolatry was to be destroyed. The land was to belong to a holy people who belong to Jehovah, therefore the Canaanite with his abominations had to be driven out of the land. “If ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, those that ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes and thorns in your sides and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell. Moreover, it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you as I thought to do unto them” (Numbers 33:55-56 ). The same warning was repeated by Joshua in his last address (Joshua 23:13 ). They did not drive them out as they were commanded, and they had to suffer in consequence of their disobedience.

The land of Canaan does not typify heaven, but our heavenly portion in Christ. In the annotations of the book of Joshua we hope to follow this more fully. The enemies in the land typify the wicked spirits, Satan and his powers. With these is our warfare, and we are commanded, like Israel, to conquer them. The boundaries of the land are given, and we find at the close of the chapter the names of the men who were to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel. Notice the difference which is in the boundaries here as compared with Genesis 15:18 . The promise given to Abraham and to his seed was under the covenant of grace, but Israel entered into the land under the law-covenant. If they had kept the law-covenant and had been obedient to Jehovah, they would have received the whole land. This they could not do. The original promise made to Abraham and his seed will be fulfilled in the future when the Lord will bring Israel back to possess the land. This will be in the millennium. The land will then be divided in a new way, revealed in the closing two chapters of Ezekiel.

Bibliographical Information
Gaebelein, Arno Clemens. "Commentary on Numbers 34". "Gaebelein's Annotated Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gab/numbers-34.html. 1913-1922.
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