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Bible Commentaries

G. Campbell Morgan's Exposition on the Whole Bible

Acts 4

Verses 1-37

Opposition to apostolic preaching and work seems to have originated mostly from the influence of the Sadducees. The preaching of the apostles contradicted all the cardinal elements in the Sadducean philosophy, which is comprehensively revealed later ( Act 23:8 ). The first note of their preaching was affirmation of the resurrection of the Lord; moreover, they declared later that they had been delivered from prison by an angel, and that they were working with the Holy Spirit.

However, all attempts at suppression produced the contrary result. The three thousand of Pentecost had already grown to five thousand. We now see the apostles for the first time definitely placed on trial. It was a significant bar, consisting of Annas, Caiaphas, and others of the kindred of the high priest. At first no definite charge was preferred. It was a court of inquiry. Peter affirmed that his authority was from Jesus of Nazareth, through whose power the wonder had been wrought. With great daring he charged these very men with the murder of Jesus.

The tribunal was astonished at these men's boldness, and it is arresting to observe that they concluded that "they had been with Jesus."

Confronted with this opposition, the disciples betook themselves to prayer, and they had a new manifestation of power in a new filling of the Holy Spirit.

Here we have the introduction of Barnabas and his action. In a venture of faith he sold his land, and invested its proceeds in the work of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Acts 4". "G. Campbell Morgan Exposition on the Bible". 1857-84.