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The Genealogy of the Twelve Sons of Israel 1 Chronicles 4-8 gives a brief chronology of the twelve sons of Israel. However, there appears to be no certain order in listing these twelve children of Jacob, although a reference is made to Reuben's genealogy being listed out of the order of birthright (1 Chronicles 5:1).
1 Chronicles 5:1, “Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright .”
The genealogies are listed in the following order:
Judah 1 Chronicles 4:1-23
Simeon 1 Chronicles 4:24-43
Reuben 1 Chronicles 5:1-10
Gad 1 Chronicles 5:11-22
Manasseh (east) 1 Chronicles 5:23-26
Levi 1 Chronicles 6:1-81
Issachar 1 Chronicles 7:1-5
Benjamin 1 Chronicles 7:6-12
Naphtali 1 Chronicles 7:13
Manasseh (west) 1 Chronicles 7:14-19
Ephraim 1 Chronicles 7:20-28
Asher 1 Chronicles 7:30-40
Note that the tribes of Dan and Zebulun are not listed in these chapters.
If we compare the order of their births, we find that these genealogies in 1 Chronicles were not listed by order of birth:
1. Leah Þ Reuben
2. Leah Þ Simeon
3. Leah Þ Levi
4. Leah Þ Judah
5. Bilhah Þ Dan
6. Bilhah Þ Naphtali
7. Zilpah Þ Gad
8. Zilpah Þ Asher
9. Leah Þ Issachar
10. Leah Þ Zebulun
11. Rachel Þ Joseph (Manasseh and Ephraim)
12. Rachel Þ Benjamin
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 4". Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/
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