Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Chronicles 4

Verse 1

sons = descendants.

Hur, and Shobal. These were sons of Caleb, the son of Hezron (1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:20, 1 Chronicles 2:50, 1 Chronicles 2:52).

Verse 2

Zorathites. See 1 Chronicles 2:53.

Verse 3

these were of. Some codices, with Septuagint, read "these were the sons of".

Verse 4

father: or lord, or prince. See note on 1 Chronicles 2:42.

Verse 5

Ashur. A son of Hezron. Compare 1 Chronicles 2:24.

Verse 7

Ethnan. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis thus: "Eth-nan, and Coz, [and Coz] begat Annb". Compare 1 Chronicles 4:13.

Verse 9

more honourable. Perhaps his going up with Caleb and Othniel against the Canaanites is referred to. See Judges 1:2, Judges 1:4, Judges 1:9-15. Joshua 15:13-19.

Jabez. The transposition of letters in Hebrew may intimate a change of experiences, and mean "may he have pain or grief reversed. "

with sorrow. Compare Genesis 3:16 (same word).

Verse 10

the God of Israel (Hebrew. Elohim. App-4). A suitable title and prayer before going on the expedition.

Israel. The nation as descended from him for whom God orders all. See notes on Genesis 32:28; Genesis 43:6; Genesis 45:26, Genesis 45:28.

coast = border or boundary.

grieve = pain. Note Figure of speech Aposiopesis. App-6. No conclusion to his prayer.

Verse 13

Hathath. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6) thus: "Hathath and Meonothai [and Meonothai] begat Ophrah".

Verse 14

valley of Charashim = Ge-harashim, the name of the place.

Verse 15

Caleb the son of Jephunneh. Not the son of Hezron (1 Chronicles 2:18).

Verse 16

Jehudijah = the Jewess.

Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh. Is Bithiah the same as Jehudijah, and did she turn a Jewess? Mered was evidently a man of position.

Verse 19

Hodiah. The Jehudijah of 1 Chronicles 4:18.

Verse 21

fine linen: or byssus, a fine white Egyptian linen.

Verse 22

had the dominion: or became lords to Moab.

Jashubi-lehem. The Vulgate renders it "and returned to Beth-lehem", like Naomi and Ruth (1 Chronicles 1:1-4, 1 Chronicles 1:19).

things: or records.

Verse 23

those that dwelt, &c. The inhabitants of Netaim and Gedera.

Verse 27

children = sons.

Verse 28

Beer-sheba. Compare Joshua 19:2-5.

Verse 30

Ziklag. Given later to David by the Philistines (1 Samuel 27:6).

Verse 31

unto the reign of David. The Codex Hilleli, with one early printed edition, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read "unto king David".

Verse 33

Baal. Another name for Baalath-beer in Joshua 19:8.

their genealogy: or, "and they had their own genealogical register. "

Verse 41

written by name: i.e. in the foregoing list.

the habitations = Maonites, or Mehumims (2 Chronicles 26:7). Compare 1 Chronicles 20:1 and Judges 10:12.

Verse 42

five hundred. If these could accomplish such things, what could not the whole of Israel have done? Compare 1 Chronicles 4:10 with 1 Chronicles 5:20.

Verse 43

the rest of the Amalekites. Not all destroyed in 1 Samuel 15:8. A number survived. Compare 1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 30:1. 2 Samuel 8:12. Esther 3:1. See note on Exodus 17:16.

unto this day. Evidently not disturbed by the king of Babylon in the deportation of Israel.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-chronicles-4.html. 1909-1922.