Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

2 Samuel 13

Verses 1-8

David's Sin and Judgment - Beginning in 2Samuel 13, we see the curse of Nathan, the prophet, taking effect in David"s family ( 2 Samuel 12:7-12). David"s children had seen their father commit adultery, lie and murder. Now, some of his own children will follow in their father"s actions.

2 Samuel 12:10-12, "Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun."

Verses 1-39

2 Samuel 13:1-39 — Amnon Rapes Tamar- God"s judgment came first upon David"s firstborn Song of Solomon, Amnon ( 2 Samuel 3:2-5, 1 Chronicles 3:1-4). Satan often corrupts the firstborn, as he did with Cain

2 Samuel 3:2-5, "And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David"s wife. These were born to David in Hebron."

2 Samuel 13:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.

2 Samuel 13:1 — "And it came to pass after this" - Comments- After Nathan's prophecy, the time for its fulfilment comes to pass in the lives of Amnon and Absalom, King David's two sons. David's act of murder opened the door for this same spirit to operate in the next generation of children. This is sometimes called generational cures, when the behaviour and failures of the former generation are repeated in the next generation.

2 Samuel 13:16 And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.

2 Samuel 13:15-16Comments - Tamar's Response to Amnon- In saying what she did, Tamar appears to have understood the Law, which commands the man to take her as his wife ( Deuteronomy 22:28-29).

Deuteronomy 22:28-29, "If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found; Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel"s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.

2 Samuel 13:21 But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.

2 Samuel 13:21Comments- David was angry, but he did not judge the situation by the Law. Therefore, David will pay the price later during Absalom"s revolt. Now, instead of this sin costing one life, it will cost 20,000 lives ( 2 Samuel 18:7). David also failed to judge Joab for the murder of two men, Abner and Amasa ( 1 Kings 2:5). This almost cost Solomon the kingdom during Joab's revolt with Adonijah, Solomon"s brother ( 1 Kings 1:7).

2 Samuel 18:7, "Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David, and there was there a great slaughter that day of twenty thousand men."

1 Kings 2:5, "Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet."

1 Kings 1:7, "And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him."

2 Samuel 13:22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.

2 Samuel 13:22Comments- Hebrews 12:15 says that there is a danger that Absalom can become defiled through bitterness, which is what happened later in his heart.

Hebrews 12:15, "Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;"

2 Samuel 13:37 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.

2 Samuel 13:37Comments- Absalom fled to the house of his grandfather ( 2 Samuel 3:3, 1 Chronicles 3:2).

2 Samuel 3:3, "And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;"

1 Chronicles 3:2, "The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:"

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Bibliographical Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.