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after this : i.e. 938. David, 53; Amnon, 22; Absalom, 20; Tamar, 15; Solomon, 2.
Absalom . Son of Maacah, daughter of king of Geshur (see note on 2 Samuel 3:3 ).
Amnon . Son of Ahinoam (2 Samuel 3:2 ).
Shimeah = Shammah (1 Samuel 16:9 ).
subtil = wise.
man . Hebrew. 'ish . App-14 .
make = feign.
meat = heart-shaped cakes. Occurs only here and in verses: 2 Samuel 13:6-7 , 2 Samuel 6:8 , 2 Samuel 6:10 .
cakes . See note on "meat", 2 Samuel 13:5 .
flour = dough, or paste.
a pan = the pan. Occurs only here.
poured = put down,
men . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
force = humble.
no cause . Hebrew "[Give] no ground for talk".
evil . Hebrew. ra`a `. App-44 .
divers colours = a long tunic with sleeves.
laid her hand . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , put for "grieved".
desolate . Hebrew "remained and [remained] desolate". Compare 1 Timothy 5:5 .
Behold . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
chargeable = burdensome.
with him . The Septuagint and Vulgate add here "and Absalom made a banquet, like the banquet of a king". Compare 1 Samuel 25:36 .
valiant = sons of valour.
as = according as.
mule . First occurrence. Not Genesis 36:24 . See note there.
with their clothes rent = and rent their garments.
wept very sore . Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ) = "wept with a great weeping ".
Ammihud , or Ammihur.
David . Septuagint reads "David the king".
the soul of king David . The Aramaean reads "the soul (nephesh) of the king". Compare the omission of nephesh in Psalms 16:2 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30