Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Exodus 22

Verses 1-31

Exodus 22:1Scripture Reference - Note:

2 Samuel 12:6, "And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity."

Exodus 22:3 — "If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed" - Comments- Exodus 22:3 says that if the thief lives, then the thief will have to repay for his theft; but he is killed the following day, then it becomes murder. (see BBE, NAB, WEB)

BBE, "But if it is after dawn, he will be responsible."

NAB, "[(1) If a thief is caught in the act of housebreaking and beaten to death, there is no bloodguilt involved. (2) But if after sunrise he is thus beaten, there is bloodguilt.] He must make full restitution. If he has nothing, he shall be sold to pay for his theft."

WEB, "If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt of bloodshed for him; he shall make restitution. If he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft."

Exodus 22:20Scripture References - Note:

Exodus 32:27, "And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour."

Exodus 22:22-24Comments - Penalty for Affliction of Widows and Orphans- If someone afflicts the orphans and widows, their own family will become the orphans and widows. They will become like those whom they oppress.

Exodus 22:28Illustrations:

Acts 23:5, "Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people."

2 Peter 2:10, "But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities."

Chapter 23

Exodus 23:1Comments- Note Isaiah 53:1, "Who hath believed our report". God's report is the only correct report. Man's report is a lie ( Romans 3:4).

Romans 3:4, "God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged."

Exodus 23:4-5Scripture References - Note:

Matthew 5:44, "But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;"

Exodus 23:10-11Comments- The Sabbath Year- Comments- See Leviticus 25:1-55 for a full account of the Sabbath year.

Exodus 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

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Bibliographical Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Exodus 22". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/ghe/exodus-22.html. 2013.