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Bible Commentaries

Geneva Study Bible

Exodus 22

Verse 1

22:1 If a man shall steal an {a} ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

(a) Either a great beast of the herd, or a small beast of the flock.

Verse 2

22:2 If a thief be found {b} breaking up, and be smitten that he die, [there shall] no blood [be shed] for him.

(b) Breaking a house to enter in, or undermining.

Verse 3

22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, [there shall be] {c} blood [shed] for him; [for] he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

(c) He shall be put to death that kills him.

Verse 8

22:8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, [to see] whether he have {d} put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods.

(d) That is, whether he has stolen.

Verse 11

22:11 {e} [Then] shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept [thereof], and he shall not make [it] good.

(e) They should swear by the name of the Lord.

Verse 13

22:13 If it be torn in pieces, [then] let him bring {f} it [for] witness, [and] he shall not make good that which was torn.

(f) He shall show some part of the beast or bring in witnesses.

Verse 15

22:15 [But] if the owner thereof [be] with it, he shall not make [it] good: if it [be] an hired [thing], it {g} came for his hire.

(g) He that hired it shall be free by paying the hire.

Verse 24

22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your {h} wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

(h) The just plague of God on the oppressors.

Verse 27

22:27 For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he {i} crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.

(i) For cold and necessity.

Verse 29

22:29 Thou shalt not delay [to offer] the {k} first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.

(k) Your abundance of your corn.

Verse 31

22:31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat [any] flesh [that is] torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it {l} to the dogs.

(l) And so have nothing to do with it.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Exodus 22". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gsb/exodus-22.html. 1599-1645.